Many cultivated plants are grown seedlings. Already in February, most gardeners are thinking about where to get high-quality land for planting crops for seedlings. Soil for seedlings can be purchased on the market, in the store or just to make at home with your own hands. But what should it be, what kinds of its exist and how to mix the earth for young seedlings at home? Answers to these questions can be found in this article.
What should be the soil for seedlings
During development, cultures consume useful elements from the earth. Therefore, the quality of the soil in which the seedlings are made is of considerable importance. There is not always enough nutrient in the soil from the plot, so it is rarely taken to grow seedlings, except as a basis or an additional component.
What should be the ground for planting seedlings:
- Loose. Soil should not be one, tight lump. The seedlings have delicate roots, so they need a light, airy substrate.
- If there are no useful microelements in the earth, then there will be no use of it for plants. We'll have to regularly feed. So it is important to take care that the composition contains nutrient minerals of the substance, for this, various mineral or organic fertilizers are added.
Ready soil "Bogatyr" for seedlingsInteresting! To check the pH of the soil, you must put a piece of earth in a glass container and pour 9% vinegar on top. If the foam does not appear, then the earth is sour. If the foam is small, then the land is of neutral acidity, and if there is a lot of foam, then it is alkaline.
- The earth should not be sick. In other words, it should not be disputed fungi, dangerous bacteria, insect eggs, which can harm plants. The best soil from the class of specialized, has no such problems. And yet any land before use is better to disinfect.
- Soil acidity for growing seedlings should be closer to neutral, that is, with a pH of 6.5-6.7. If the earth is alkaline or acidic, young plants simply can not grow normally.
- In the soil mixture for young plants should not be hazardous components, salts of heavy metals and other negative components.
If you follow these 5 points, you get land where the seedlings quickly and correctly develop into short lines.
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In many agricultural or flower shops you can find the so-called - special soil for seedlings. It can be marked "for pepper", "for melon crops", etc. This means that it is recommended to use the soil for seedlings of these plants, and not some other. Many gardeners are afraid to take it, thinking that this is just a marketing ploy to attract customers. But in practice, such land is the best option for young saplings. Indeed, in different cases, it has the optimal composition for certain garden crops.Important! For seedlings it is recommended to buy a specialized type of land. A universal counterpart may not contain all the necessary components and will need to be supplemented or diluted with other ingredients.
The main thing in choosing a ready soil for seedlings is to find a good brand, because not all manufacturers strive to produce quality goods. Below are the varieties that, according to gardeners, are best suited for seedlings.
Ready soil "Mikroparnik" for seedlings
- Soil Bogatyr produced by "Lama Peat". Components: two types of peat, lime, sand, minerals. Depending on the subspecies of this fertilizer, the amount of minerals may vary: nitrogen - 150-300 mg / l; potassium - 250-400 mg / l; phosphorus - 250-400 mg / l. pH - 5.5-6.5.
- Micro boiler - the type of land is universal. In the market it is known for more than a year. Gardeners and gardeners often buy it for planting young seedlings. It is appreciated for rather low price at high quality. Components: fertilizers (from 200 mg / l of nitrogen, 200 mg / l of phosphorus and 300 mg / l of potassium), sand, peat. pH - 5.5.
- Living earth - soil created by using peat as the main component. It is recommended for seedlings of various garden and flower crops. The composition contains: high peat, minerals (from 150 mg / l of nitrogen, 300 mg / l of potassium and 270 mg / l of phosphorus), biohumus and agloperit. pH about 6.5.
- Garden land - Another good option for sowing seeds. Components: river sand, minerals, high peat. Nitrogen in the composition of about 300 mg / l, potassium - 400 mg / l, phosphorus - 300 mg / l. pH 5.5-6.0.
- Gumimax it is recommended for use for seedlings of vegetable and ornamental crops. Suitable for transplanting to protected and unprotected soil. Components: peat, sand, nutrients. It also includes nitrogen - about 750 mg / kg, phosphorus - 800 mg / kg and potassium - 800 mg / kg. pH is between 6.0 and 7.5.
- Bioud Soil - high-quality substrate to accelerate the development of crops and improve the taste of the fruit. Available in different versions: for a wide variety of plants. It is recommended primarily for the germination of melons and solanaceous. Components: sand, hoarding powder, compost, peat, vermiculite, mica. In the composition of more than 0.1% of nutrients from the total mass of the earth.
Ready soil "Garden soil" for seedlings
Which soil to choose
If at the time of selection in the market it is difficult to determine the type of land for seedlings, you can follow certain recommendations.
- For a start, it is worthwhile to determine which land is better suited - universal or specialized. In the second case, no additives are required, but you should carefully choose the type, for example, for seedlings of tomatoes, eggplant or watermelons. Universal soil is recommended for young summer residents if the choice in the store is poor.
- Any quality soil for seedlings is always packaged in packages. The package must contain information about the composition, acidity, specific uses, for which plants it is recommended, etc. If there is no such information, then it is better not to buy the soil, because it is unknown what it is for and why.
Ready soil "Gumimaks" for seedlings
- The chemical composition of the soil for seedlings is worth checking out even in the store. The composition must be at least 4 components. And since the land is acquired for seedlings, one of the components should be peat or sand - this is a sign that the earth has a loose texture. Minerals - another important component of any purchased land, without them the quality will be very low.
- If you need to buy a lot of soil, then first, for the sample, it is worth taking a small package, assess its looseness, how well it transmits water, its structure. If the land is good, then you can buy a large batch.
- If you can, you can assess the quality of the soil, taking it to the laboratory. But this is usually done only in extreme cases, or if you need a certain type of soil for greenhouse plants that go on sale.
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Purchase soil does not always meet the requirements. To be satisfied for sure, you can make the best primer with your own hands. And since it is known that for different species of plants, certain conditions are necessary so that they can fully develop, mixtures are made for each type of crop separately.
- Land for sowing cucumber seeds can be varied. The easiest option is to combine peat, turf, humus and rotted sawdust in equal shares. You can also create a good soil from part of the turf land and part of the humus. A glass of wood ash, a tablespoon of potassium sulfate and two tablespoons of superphosphate are added to 10 liters of this mixture.
Ready soil "Bioud Soil" for seedlings
- The soil for tomato seedlings must have friability and be very nutritious, so that minerals are usually mixed in with it. Mix 3 mugs of peat, 1 mug of sawdust and ½ mug of humus. At 10 liters of substrate make 3 liters of river sand, a tablespoon of ammonium nitrate, the same amount of potassium chloride and 2 times more superphosphate. The second option is made of equal parts of sod, sawdust, compost and peat. For 10 liters of this soil, you need to make 1.5 cups of ash, 3 tbsp. liter of superphosphate, 1 tbsp. l potassium sulfate and 1 tsp. urea.
- To make pepper is not difficult. It is enough to mix equal shares of compost and peat and ready. If there is no peat, then you can take 2 parts of humus and 1 part of sod. And if there is no humus, then mix 2 parts of peat and 1 part of sod.
- Land for cabbage and many other crucifers, made from humus, peat and sod land. Each component is taken the same amount. Then they interfere, disinfect and use for planting. The second option - 20 parts of turf, 5 parts of ash and 1 part of lime and sand.
- Eggplants love fertile and light ground. For them, the composition of 2 mugs, 1 mugs of peat and ½ mugs of rotted sawdust is made. The second option is a bucket of vegetable soil, ½ cup of wood ash, 10 g of superphosphate, 5 g of potassium sulfate.
If you make a soil for seedlings according to these recommendations, the plants will actively grow and develop properly. As you grow, you may need a bit of fertilizing, although this depends on the condition of the plants. If there is no growth retardation, then fertilizers can harm, provoke the stretching of the ground part or the rotting of the roots. So it is important to simply monitor the condition of the crops and care for them. If they miss something, there will be obvious signs.