Vegetable

The best varieties of lettuce

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Greens grown in the garden, often used in the preparation of salads, appetizers, hot dishes. It can also be eaten fresh, prepare drinks, dry, freeze. Salad among many types of greenery is in great demand around the world. It is healthy, tasty and versatile to use. But there are many varieties of lettuce, each of which has its own characteristics. This article lists the varieties of lettuce in the main categories.

Varieties of leaf salads

Leaf lettuce is one of the most delicate types of this culture. It has a pleasant taste and needs a loose, fertile ground for normal development.

Varieties of leaf salads

  • "Lollo Ross" - One of the most common types of leaf lettuce. Ripens in 40-55 days. It grows in a high bush with a diameter of up to 20 cm. The leaves are light green, curly, with an openwork, red and burgundy edge. The quality should include yield, taste, resistance to bolting. The variety can be grown for ornamental purposes, and not just for food or sale.
  • "Crunchy Vitamin" got its name due to the abundance of vitamins in the leaves. Suitable for the suburbs. Early, for ripening of the first leaves is necessary from 38 days. It grows a small bush, up to 18 cm in diameter. The leaves are green, crispy, on the edge of openwork. During the season can be sown several times. The advantages include yield, pleasant taste. He does not let the arrow and can grow with a lack of light.
Interesting! To taste the salad is not spoiled, the leaves are torn off, and not cut with a knife.
  • "Season of Miracles" - early view. It grows up to 25 cm in height and a width of about 35-40 cm. The outlet can weigh up to 150 g. The leaves are medium sized, dark red in color with a light green base. Leaf in bubbles, there is a wavy edge. The taste is juicy, pleasant.
  • "Typhoon" - one of the new species. The leaves give large, wide along the contour wavy, and slightly bubbly along the base. Color is green, bright. The leaves are pleasant to the taste, crunch, with a high content of juice. Advantages: early variety, does not release the arrow.
  • "Robin" bears fruit 50 days after sowing. Gives straight, long leaves of dark scarlet color. After harvesting the socket gives re-fruiting. The diameter of the head about 30 cm.

Also, the best varieties of leaf species include: "Firebird", "Grand", "Royal", "Sandwich", "Robin", "Kitezh".

Heads of cabbage lettuce

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Cabbage salad looks a bit like cabbage. As it matures, the leaves are folded into the head, which is used by food. Such fruits have an oily-crunchy structure. For normal growth they need bright light and moderate temperature.

Heads of cabbage lettuce

  • "Iceberg" ripens in 75-90 days. The heads are crispy. Rosette grows up to 650 g. The leaves are slightly wrinkled, with openwork edges, bubbly. With proper storage, the salad does not rot for a long time, maintaining freshness. The taste is excellent. Dignity - no arrow.
  • "Kolobok" - Late view of lettuce. Ripens in 2.5 months on average. Can grow indoors and outdoors. Heads grow by 500-600 g, looks like red cabbage. Color burgundy with white veins. The taste is juicy, spicy. The variety is rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • "Krupnokochanny" ripens in 55-65 days. The head can grow up to 35 cm in diameter. The weight of the formed fruit is up to 350 g. The leaves are light green, yellowish inside, wide, round, bubble. Productivity is 2-4,5 kg / m. sq. Not bad stored.
  • "Senator" ripens on average in 70 days. Advantages: resistance to high temperatures, unpretentiousness. As it ripens it forms dense, rather massive heads, slightly flattened from above. Leaves rich green color, dense, crunchy. The taste is good, the variety can be stored after harvest.

There is also a group of half-smoked salads. These include the "Odessa Curbber", "Eurydice", "Gribovsky curly hair".

The best varieties of stem salad

Stem salad differs in that it has a large stem, on which the leaves are formed. Most popular in America and Western Europe. In the food can be used as the leaves of the plant, and the stem itself.

Stem Salad Photos

  • "Svetlana" ripens in about 70 days. The length of the plant is up to 80 cm, the weight of the head in general is 700 g, but it may be less. This salad is particularly rich in proteins. It has a sweet taste when cooked. This variety can be salted, cooked fresh or used for first, second courses.
Interesting! Stem salad especially favorably affects the work of the nervous and cardiovascular systems.
  • "Asparagus" the salad ripens on average in 3 months. It has high nutritional value. Suitable for winter storage! Leaflets gray-green, straight, dense. Plant length up to 70 cm, weight - 800 g. Can be grown in any climatic zone. Productivity is high.

Roman Salad Varieties

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Roman salad has dense, beautiful leaves, which are often used not only in cooking, but also for decorating dishes. They are formed uniformly around the head. To get a good harvest, this plant needs regular watering and high-quality lighting.

Photo of Roman salad "Romen"

  • "Limpopo" ripens in 65 days. Sockets weighing up to 350 g, but more often smaller. Diameter - 30 cm. Advantages: resistance to flowering. The taste is delicate, rich, suitable for salads, snacks.
  • "Dandy" gives oval leaves with smooth edges. Color is dark green. The ripening period is 2.5 months. Advantages: resistance to many diseases, can tolerate significant differences in temperature.
Interesting! Rome salad "Parisian" can be stored after harvesting in the refrigerator for up to a month!
  • "Balloon" - a well-known, long-standing variety of Roman salad. Ripens in 80-90 days. Heads of light green, oval, not dense, weight within 300 g. Taste is tart, spicy with nut notes. It is recommended for cooking cream soup, stewing.
  • "Parisian" ripens in 45-60 days. The socket is elongated, not very tight. The leaves are dark green, more oval than round. The approximate weight of heads is 500 g, but there are specimens under 700 g. It can be grown in open and protected ground. Almost never gets sick and easily adapts to the most diverse growing conditions.

Among the good varieties of Roman salad also stand out such types as "Little Jam", "Red Winter", "Soviet".

The best varieties of lettuce for open ground

Some types of lettuce can be grown only in open, unprotected soil. They need natural, sunlight, high-quality soil and regular watering.

The best varieties of lettuce for open ground

  • "Gascony" - This is a medium early variety. Maturation occurs on the 45-48 day. Sockets do not take up much space, in diameter of 35 cm. Socket weight up to 0.5 kg. Advantages: resistance to tsvetushnosti and many diseases.
  • "Ruksay" matures in 50 days. The socket of open type, friable, grows within 12-15 cm in height. The leaves are rounded, reddish with a purple tint. A heading weighs about 400 g in total. The taste is bright, slightly spicy with a nutty flavor.
  • "Levistro" variety with excellent taste. The mass of the outlet can reach 0.5 kg. The leaves are shiny, green, finely curly. Grown in the spring and summer. The variety is suitable for a long collection. Not bad stored in the refrigerator. Pluses: long does not release the arrow.

Varieties of lettuce for greenhouses

In greenhouses, it is advantageous to grow lettuce for sale. It quickly matures, gives beautiful, juicy leaves. But, a great harvest is obtained only if you choose the right grade. The best types of greenhouse lettuce are listed below.

Varieties of lettuce for greenhouses

  • "Odessa Currier" - mid-season, sheet variety. Leaflets crumpled green. The taste is juicy, pleasant. Harvest for the season is collected at least 3 times. The yield per square per season is about 5 kg of leaves.
  • "Kitezh" - This is an early leaf variety with red leaves. Green in this case, only the veinlets, which in the general beam are practically invisible. Salad is developing rapidly even with a lack of light. The taste is rich. Productivity at a square of landings about 3,5 kg.
Interesting! Variety of salad "Kitezh" different high iodine content.
  • "Emerald Lace" - another leaf lettuce. Ripens early, in about 50-55 days. The leaves are pale green, with openwork along the edge. Pluses: tolerates a lack of light, there is resistance to coloring. Productivity from a square of landings for a season - 5 kg of leaflets.

In addition, varieties of lettuce such as "Maysky", "Noran", "Riga" are meant for protected ground.

The best varieties of salad without bitterness

The first experience in the cultivation of crops is very important. If the salad got bitter, then the family is unlikely to enjoy it, especially the children. In this case, it is worth choosing varieties without bitterness. They have a pleasant taste, and are suitable for consumption without processing.

  • "Moscow region" - variety for the Moscow region, ripening for 40-75 days, depending on the weather. Heads grow weighing 200 g. The socket is raised only half, with a diameter of 20-30 cm. Crispy leaves. The shelf life after full maturation is 10 days. Productivity to 2,5 kg from a square of landings.
  • "Dubolistny" got its name due to the fact that its leaves are a bit like oak leaves. The taste is slightly nutty. Used for cooking any hot dishes, including warm salads. The main drawback is the short shelf life. After harvesting, this salad should be used for a day or even less.
  • "Korn" - An interesting sort of salad. The leaves are small, dark green, in small sockets. The taste is sweetish, spicy, with hints of walnut - this variety is often used for children's menu. It can be cultivated in open ground, in a greenhouse or in an apartment.

The best varieties without bitterness should also include such well-known species like “Roblen”, “Record”, “Bionda Montare”, “Bacardi”, “Zabava”, “Emerald”.

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