Plum Hungarian is a varietal group. It is distinguished by excellent fruit flavor, high yield. The harvest is usually well kept after harvesting, and it is from this plum that prunes are usually made. But there are many varieties of Hungary, each with its own qualities, so before you acquire one or another species, it is important to study the main varieties.
Description of varietal group Hungarian
It is believed that the Hungarian plum appeared during the over-pollination of cherry plum and blackthorn in the Caucasus, according to other sources, Asia is considered to be the cradle of this type. In 1900, the Hungarian was brought to Russia from Hungary, so this species got its name. Varieties of the group have their own unique qualities, but there is something that unites them.
Fruits of Hungarian dense, with elastic flesh
- The trees are mostly medium height with red-brown shoots.
- Trees are self-bearing or partially self-bearing.
- Hungarian any variety has a high yield.
- Drought tolerant.
- The term of full fruiting is 25-30 years.
- Egg-shaped Hungarian plums, purple, violet or dark blue.
- There is a pronounced wax coating.
- Fruits are dense, with elastic pulp.
In terms of care, this drain needs standard procedures: watering, weeding, dressing, pruning. In trees that are prone to abundant fruiting, it is important to establish supports during fruit setting, so that the branches do not break, especially if they grow at an acute angle.Interesting! In gardens where trees are located at a distance of 3-5 meters from each other, where regular weeding is carried out, pruning and watering are corrected, fungal diseases are very rare.
It is important to remember that the Hungarian of any kind very poorly tolerates pruning of old branches. The cuts on these trees heal for a very long time, a hollow may form in their place, so during the cutting the garden pitch is used, all procedures are carried out with very sharp tools treated in a solution of manganese or other disinfectant liquid.
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Photo of plum Hungarian Moskovskaya
Plum Vengerka Moskovskaya known since 1947. Differs moderately sprawling crown, in the form of a ball. Pagony drooping, but durable. Culture reaches an average of 3 meters. The first fruiting is observed at 6-8 year. The estimated yield of 30 kg per season, but can reach up to 45 kg / tree.
Description of the variety indicates that the crop is self-bearing and does not need pollinators, but if planted, the yield will be higher. Crop ripens in early autumn. The variety can withstand temperatures down to -30 degrees, can be grown throughout the central part of Russia. Even if pagons or roots freeze over, they recover quickly in spring. There is a stable immune system to the main diseases of the plum.
Fruits grow to 20 g, egg-shaped. The peel is red-purple, dense, so the variety is suitable for long transportation. The flesh is orange, not soft. Plums taste sour, so this type is grown mainly for processing, making juice, jam, mashed potatoes, wine, stewed fruit or sauces.
Photo of plum Hungarian Korneevskaya
Plum variety Hungarian Korneevskaya - distinguishes a tall tree under 4-4.5 meters. The crown is pyramidal, rather sprawling, so the culture on the site takes up a lot of space. Fruiting accounts for 3-4 years after planting. Average yield - 28 kg / season.
Hungarian Korneevskaya refers to the self-bearing varieties of plums. Even without pollinators, it gives a good harvest, but if planted near the pollinators, the yield can be increased. Fruits grow on average to 35 g. The rind is blue with a brown tinge and bluish bloom. It is dense, so the plum can be transported. The flesh is honey-colored, fleshy, after full ripening can be soft. The taste is sweet, full-bodied, with a pronounced aroma.
The positive qualities of the variety include: winter hardiness, drought resistance, thick bark, which protects the tree from damage. Disadvantages: during a cold snap, part of the fruit buds can freeze. In addition, the pagons in this class are not durable and can break from a large crop, so it is important to install supports.
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Photo of plum Hungarian Belorussian
The description of a grade of the Hungarian Belarusian should begin with features of a tree. It grows up to 3.5 meters. Crohn rounded, not thickened, with a sweeping, rare pagonami. Fruiting observed from 3 years. The tree is partly samoplodnoe, the yield for the year up to 30 kg, but when planted near the varieties Kroman or Bleufry, it can increase significantly.Interesting! Belarusian Hungarian was obtained by Belarusian scientists in 2009. So this is a relatively young look.
The cream is ready to be collected from the second half of August. Fruits have a mass of 40 g, ovoid shape. Skin color blue with a pronounced coating. The flesh after full aging is orange, elastic. The taste is sweet and sour. Hungarian Belarusian universal purpose, it can be used for processing and for fresh consumption.
The variety is frost resistant, so it is grown in areas with a cool climate. Immunity is average, and this disease does not suffer from such a disease as klyasterosporiosis with normal care.
Hungarian Donetsk early
Photo of plum Hungarian Donetsk early
Hungarian Donetsk The Early - this is an early type of plums in the Hungarian type. Maturation occurs in the first days of August. Culture grows to 4.5 meters, the crown is massive, with branched pagons. The first harvest accounts for 4-5 year of cultivation. The average yield - 28 kg / tree. The variety is self-fertile, but in order to increase the number of plums, they are planting Hungarian Italian, Altana plums or other similar species.Important! Plum Donetsk early on a par with the Hungarian Italian is used for the manufacture of prunes.
Fruits of 30 g. The skin is dark purple, with brown tint and pronounced bloom. Taste is sugar, harmonious, with hardly distinguishable sourness. The quality of the bed is excellent, if due to weather problems the fruits do not ripen on the branches, you can remove them only half-ripe, during storage they ripen themselves. Fruits are transportable.
The main problem of the variety that gardeners often encounter is fastidiousness towards the soil. On the sandy ground, this species does not bear fruit.
Plum variety Hungarian Italian
Photo of plum Hungarian Italian
Italian plum obtained in the Apennine Peninsula. Late culture, grows within 4 meters, with a massive, spherical crown, which in diameter can reach 5-6 meters. Fruiting is observed from 4-5 years. With good weather conditions, proper cultivation and the presence of pollinators, the yield per tree is up to 80 kg per season!
Cream grow large, 30-35 grams. The peel is almost black, covered with thick bloom. The flesh is orange with red tint after full ripening. The taste is excellent, bright, full-bodied, with a high content of juice and sugar. Fresh cream can lie for 30 days, without loss of external or taste.Interesting! Italian Hungarian is a spontaneous tree, but if you plant such varieties as Altana, Azhanskaya, Anna Shpet or Renklod near it, the yield will increase by 1.5-2 times.
Despite the fact that the Italian is a famous and rather old-looking, he has several problems.
- The variety can be grown exclusively in warm regions, because it does not differ in winter hardiness.
- Italian acutely reacts to any changes in the weather. During a drought, part of the fruit is crumbled, and if bad weather is prolonged, the tree can throw off all ovaries altogether!
Photo plums Hungarian Michurinskaya
Plum Hungarian Michurinskaya - is a self-fertile variety, ripening middle-ripening. After ripening, plums for almost 30 days can hang right on the branches without crumbling - this is the main advantage of the variety. The tree is average in height with a moderately sprawling crown.Interesting! Plum Hungarian Michurinskaya used in the manufacture of baby food.
Fruits grow to 30 g. After ripening, the peel acquires a blue-purple color with a dense patina. Harvesting is carried out in a period of technical ripeness, when they are still green-blue. The flesh is light green, very soft, juicy, sweet. Drupe is small, cleaned with almost no problems.
Hungarian variety Amazing
Photo of plum Hungarian Amazing
This is a sort of Ukrainian scientists. It is not pollinated by itself, so it is important to plant some other plum trees with the same flowering period as this species. The tree is average in height - 4.5 meters. Crohn like a ball, not very sprawling. Fruiting is observed after 4-5 years of cultivation.
Fruits of 25-30 g on average. The peel is purple-black, covered with a dense patina. The flesh is dark yellow. The taste is sugar, with a high content of juice, but here the bone leaves badly, so the species is used mainly for fresh consumption or for making sauces, jams and other preparations, where the fruits shift to mush.
Variety plum Hungarian Amazing - cold-resistant, with good immunity. High resistance is observed primarily from fruit rot. Transportability is high, but it must be borne in mind that after full ripening the flesh becomes soft, therefore, usually those plums that have not yet ripened are transported.
Reviews plum Hungarian
A group of plums Hungarian know many. This species is known in Asia and Europe, throughout America. It is famous for its unpretentiousness and yield. And what opinion about the Hungarian gardeners?
- Alena Belozerova: “I really like plum Hungarian Donetsk early. The yield is sufficient, the plums, though not great, but tasty, sweet, eat what you need. The jam is excellent, sweet, rich in taste. In general, there are no complaints. Yes rarely gets sick, which makes care much easier. "
- Mikhail Markov: “Hungarian Korneevskaya is a good variety for sale. Plum chassis, everyone knows it, is in great demand in the market. The shape of the fruit, its aroma, and the rich color of the peel speaks for marketability. It’s not difficult to transport it if it is time to harvest. 3 such plums, annual yields of about 100 kg, more than enough to sell, so I recommend to everyone. "
- Ksenia Egorova: "The Hungarian Amazing variety has simply delicious pulp. It is sweet, fragrant, saturated, not watery. But the variety has one big disadvantage - the bone has to be cut off literally. In processing, this is inconvenient, so two Hungarians grow in my garden. Amazing - for food, and Michurinskaya - for canning. "