Bere's pear, also referred to as Bera, refers to species that have been tried by time. To date, there are many subspecies of this pear, while some of them are particularly distinguished by their external or taste qualities. This article will describe the Bere pear, its main subspecies, as well as the method of growing and storing the crop.
Description of Bere pear variety
Bere is a whole family of pears, which includes a wide variety of pears. Their main difference is the elongated, pear-shaped form of the fruit. In French, the word "beurre" translates as "butter". This name is not given by chance, because pears pulp is always juicy, oily in consistency.
Variety of Pears Bere photo
The distribution area of Bera pears is predominantly Europe. For rapid growth they need a lot of heat, so they are bred for the most part in the southern regions, although in the middle regions these species can occur. But in the northern parts of Europe, Bere is very rarely grown, because they ripen poorly and have a not so sweet, rich taste.
Bere trees are usually vigorous. They have a high crown in the shape of a pyramid, maybe a little asymmetric, especially if you do not adjust. The trunk and large shoots are usually very thick, the bark is gray or with a gray tinge. The leaves are oval, large. Flowering occurs quite late, so the flowers usually never freeze during the return spring frosts.
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Summer Bere varieties bear fruit from the last days of July and throughout the whole of August. Grown mainly for sale or fresh use. One of the most popular summer varieties is Bere Summer. Its main difference in the fruits. They are large, elongated-pear-shaped and can weigh up to 280 g, while the same summer “Giffard” and “Golden” produce fruits of 80-100 g maximum. The peel is always thin, smooth, yellowish with dots over the entire surface. The flesh is light, tender and sweet to the taste, with a high content of juice.
Bere Bosk is a very famous pear.
Important! Summer Beer pear varieties are soft and subject to shedding after full ripening, therefore they are harvested without delay or several days before full maturation. In food, they are suitable even in the stage of technical maturity.
Bere Summer was first discovered in the Vinnitsa region. The tree begins to give fruit from 4-5 years after planting. The variety is frost resistant, so it can be grown not only in the south, but in the middle regions. A 15-year-old tree is capable of producing 120 kg a year. Pears ripen around August, but they are recommended to be removed 7-10 days before ripening, so that they are not very soft yet, so they will be stored better.
Also in summer such types of Bere ripen as “Klapp's Pet”, “Bere Giffard”, “Bere Gold”.
Pear variety Bere Bosc
Autumn varieties are harvested from September to early October. Fruits rarely fall off, unlike summer varieties. Harvested usually put to ripen for several weeks. During this time they get more juice, sweets and then are usable. The shelf life of such pears is 45-70 days depending on the variety and conditions.
The variety has a high yield.
The Bere Bosk variety is a very famous pear. The tree grows quickly and can grow significantly. Fruits late - from 6-8 years after planting. The yield of a 16-year-old tree is about 150 kg. Fruits are large, weighing 180 g, and champions can reach 250 g. The shape of pears is oblong, uneven. The peel is thin, rusty color after full maturation (during storage become golden-bronze), rough to the touch.
Important! Autumn Beer pear varieties do not tolerate cold, so it is recommended to grow them only in the southern regions.
Bere Bosk is one of the most cold-resistant varieties. You can grow it only in a warm climate. In the northern and even middle regions in one frosty winter, not only the ground, but also the underground part of the tree can completely freeze out. The drought resistance of the variety is also low. Regular watering in this case can literally save a tree in a dry summer.
The collected Bere Bosc fruits can be stored for a rather long time, but in refrigerated chambers, during long-term storage, the taste may deteriorate, so it is advisable to sell or use them within 1-1.5 months after harvest.
The advantages of the variety include simplicity in the care and the possibility of growing on light, sandy soil. It is also worth noting that the taste of the fruit is estimated at 4.8 points out of 5 possible! This is a very tasty variety that can be used for fresh consumption or processing.
Bera also refers to Bere Durendo, Bere Moskovskaya, Bere Luka, Bere Krasnokutskaya, Bere Klerzho to autumn pears.
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Winter Bere varieties ripen around mid-October or slightly later. They are always harvested during the period of technical maturity and folded for ripening. These pears may peel off, so it is not recommended to delay harvesting. The ripening of winter varieties occurs within 3-4 weeks, then the taste changes from tart to sweet, and the flesh becomes tender and oily.
Pear is not afraid of low temperatures and lack of moisture, resistant to disease
Bere Kiev deserves special attention because it refers to the varietal varieties that bear fruit from 4 years after planting. In addition, it gives large, elongated fruits weighing 270 grams! The peel is smooth, slightly dry to the taste. After ripening, it becomes yellow with dots of dark color over the entire surface. Pulp with a high content of juice and sugar (11%), cream-colored, oily, rather tender.
Important! Winter varieties of pears Bere can be stored under appropriate conditions for six months!
A sapling usually produces little fruit, but an adult has high yield characteristics. It is frost-resistant and drought-resistant variety. Fruits and the tree itself are rarely sick due to good immunity.
Among the best winter Bere should also be called "Bera Ardanpon", "Bere Winter Michurin."
Planting Bere pear
Berez pears are planted around April, when the buds are still not swollen. Autumn planting is possible in October, when opal foliage. However, since the varieties of this species are sensitive to frost, they are not recommended for planting in the winter - the young seedling may not have time to settle down and freeze.
Planting pear seedlings
The place for planting is sunny, preferably on one side there is some kind of protection from the wind, for example a house or a shed, then it will be easier for a tree to withstand frost in the cold winter. It is recommended to grow Bera pear on neutral, fertilized and well-drained soil. The groundwater level should be at a level of 2 meters into the ground or more.
Plant Bere pear only in well-fertilized soil. Before planting, they dig it up by adding minerals (potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus), peat, humus. Between the individual seedlings of pears is a distance of 3-4 meters, due to the large crown of an adult tree. The depth of the pit - 1 meter, width - 70 cm on average.
The tree is set in a hole on the hill (made in advance). The roots are straightened in all directions - it is important that they do not bend over much. Now, from all sides begin to fill the pit, holding the tree with one hand. When the pit is completely filled, the soil is tamped with the palm and watered with 1-2 buckets of warm water. It remains to tie the tree to the peg and leave it to settle down.
Features of growing
Growing conditions directly affect the taste and appearance of the fruit. So with Bere pear it is difficult to ignore the norms of cultivation.
Planting pear seedlings
Some Bere varieties are capable of self-pollination, but the yield is low at the same time. To get a really decent harvest, it is necessary to plant pollinators near the pears of other varieties.
Bera is very demanding on watering. Most varieties do not tolerate drought. It is necessary to water 3-4 times per season, but plentifully (30 l per square meter). And so that the root system does not start to rot, it is necessary to make a good drainage layer before planting in order to divert all excess water.
Top-dressings are applied from 3 years after planting (if the land was well fertilized during planting). Fertilize pear in spring and autumn. During the summer, this is done if there are a lot of fruits, on the contrary, it is small or if the tree has had a pain (to support its strength). Organics are applied once every 3 years, and minerals can be added 2 times a year.
Bere pear is a strong-growing tree, so pruning is done every year. From 2 years old is carried out trimming trim. At the same time, annually, in the fall or in early spring, it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning. All diseased, frozen or dry branches should be cut, and the cut points should be treated with garden pitch.
Bere can rarely boast frost resistance. In winter, these trees are usually insulated so that they do not die in the event of sudden severe frosts. Any insulating material tightly envelop the trunk. The root system can be protected by mulching. Mulch is carpeted in the near-stem circle with a layer of 30-35 cm.
Reviews of pear Bere
Despite the fact that the Bere pear may be demanding to care, gardeners usually respond well to it because of the excellent taste of fruits and high yields.
Andrey Belsky: “I grow a Bere Giffard pear tree. The tree in the garden is already adult, about 14 years old. It is very good. The pears are large, sweet, with a beautiful blush. I usually sell my half of the crop to my neighbors, because for my family, even including conservation, there are too many fruits. In general, I can say that the variety is excellent, the main thing is to water and fertilize at least once every 2 years. "
Polina Smekhova: “Bere is the most beloved for me. Pears with tender flesh literally melt in your mouth! Suitable for fresh salads, canning, and baking with them turns out excellent. The tree in our garden is still young, but 45 kg of fruit per year is removed It needs, of course, plenty of watering. I also noticed that if you do not feed this beauty, the fruits become less sweet, so that I bring in minerals every year! "
Maxim Orlan: “The Bere Kiev variety inherited along with the grandmother’s dacha. The pear is tasty, beautiful, although the tree occupies a lot of space on the site. My wife and I cut it to the maximum last year, but despite this it quickly moved away and this year gave a decent harvest The wilderness is sweet, good for jam and jam! "