Breeding chickens allows you to get delicious, homemade eggs for the whole family. But in order for the chickens to fly in a certain place, and the breeder did not search all the corners of the hen house in search of a valuable product, it is necessary to arrange nests for hens in the hen house. This article describes what kinds of nests are and how you can make them yourself.
Dimensions nest for laying hens
Very often, chickens refuse to nest in the nests and use various nooks in the hen house and on the hill for egg-laying. The reason for this behavior can be an inconvenient nest arrangement, lack of silence, comfort, etc. So, when building and installing a layer nest, you need to take into account some of the nuances.
Laying hen nests
The desirable parameters of the nest are 30x30x30 cm. Such a house will be neither big nor small, comfortable and cozy, which is very important!
Have a chicken coop at a height of 30-50 cm from the floor, and can be higher. It is very important to ensure that chickens can get into the nest. For example, a ladder can be attached to the upper tiers.
One nest is enough for about 5 layers. On this basis, it is necessary to make a certain number of places.
Straw or similar material (sawdust, hay) is laid on the inside of the nest. Such a soft pillow will provide comfort to the hen and protect the eggs (so as not to beat).
The design is desirable to make such that the roof was round or sloping (slope 45 degrees or more). Otherwise, the chickens can build a nest at the top, not inside the nest.
Do not forget that the location of the nests should be as quiet, warm, comfortable and dry. If the chickens do not like it, you will have to transfer the nests, so it is better to think things through immediately.
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Nests for laying hens are of three types.
Types of nests for layers
Nest-boxes are like small houses. These are essentially simple boxes interconnected and set up in rows in several tiers. The design can be very diverse, but such nests always have three walls, a floor, a roof and a convenient, spacious entrance. Very often, breeders make them from long boxes with multiple entrances. In one such elongated house 3-5 quotas can fit at once.
Nests with egg collectors can be of various shapes. Their main feature in the sloping bottom. Eggs, falling on the floor, roll into a special egg-picker, from where it is convenient to pick up the breeder.
The nests with the second bottom are a variation of the previous version. Eggs also roll, but not into the egg-collector, but to the second bottom, where they remain until they are collected.
Interesting! Jacks for laying hens can be made from any available or purchased material. Most often for these purposes they use wood, tires, old plastic buckets, metal, and vine.
Of the scrap materials often get very good, cozy nest for chickens. This type of construction is usually easy to perform, and looks unusual and attractive in a hen house. Old tires, buckets, baskets, basins and other broken or damaged items are usually used.
How to make a nest for laying hens with your own hands?
In specialized stores and on the Internet a lot of offers for the sale of nests for chickens. But why pay for what you can do with your own hands. The design made by yourself will be much safer and better. Below are several options for nests for laying hens.
Nest box configuration
If the farm has several ready-made small boxes, you can use them as a base. These boxes are cleaned, checked for dangerous parts (sticking nails, chipped wood), if necessary, repaired. Then you need to fasten these boxes together. To fasten the nest can be both in height and in length.
The place of entry in each box is checked for reliability. A long strip or perch is also attached at the front for easy access to the nests. It remains only to attach the structure to the wall in the chicken coop and make a ladder so that the chickens can comfortably reach the upper tiers.
Nest in the form of a box.
This design is easily made of wood, chipboard or OSB. For a start, walls are made. It is advisable to make such nests on several layers at once, that is, the length of the floor and the back, front wall should be 90-120 cm (30 cm per hen). The side walls are made 30 cm long. The floor is cut out 10-20 cm wider than the roof, so that, before the nests there is a threshold. The height of the structure is 30 cm. On the front wall there are several holes for entry. They are made in such a way that even a large hen can go inside without any problems.
Such a nest can be made of almost any length, the main thing is that one quit had at least 30 cm of free space. It is also important to build dividing walls so that the quills do not interfere with each other. In addition, several tiers can be made by attaching a convenient runway or a ladder to them so that it is convenient to get from the floor. It does not hurt to also attach the platform for takeoff of layers. It is made at a distance of 15 cm from the entrance to the nest. But if there is a threshold, then the platform is not required.
Important! There should not be any sharp or dangerous parts in the nest that might be hurt. Materials are always selected safe, and the design is thought out to the smallest detail.
Old rubber tires can be a great nest for laying. Two old tires are taken and connected to each other so that a double wheel (wide) is obtained. This is the future nest. In order for the chicken to sit comfortably in it, it is necessary to make a flat bottom. In a place where there will be a floor (bedding), it is necessary to cut off the rubber, which is located in the middle (connection of 2 wheels).
Now you need to hang the wheel or put in a secluded corner, put a thick layer of straw on the bottom of the tire and attach a convenient staircase with a threshold (if necessary) so that it is easy to climb into the wheel. And so that the wheel does not roll (if it is on the floor), it is supported by bricks or simply screwed to the wall.
If you put an old plastic bucket in the hen house, hens will gladly pick it up under the nest. Many breeders use this and make nests from old buckets, modifying them a little.
First you need to make a blank on the wall. One wooden bar is attached to the wall horizontally, under it is made a frame of 2 wooden planks. One plank should be positioned so as to hold the base of the bucket (where there will be an entrance for the hens), and the second one is 15–20 cm away from it - a platform for taking birds off. Buckets are screwed to the plank on the wall (at the bottom) so that the container is parallel to the floor, sideways. It remains only to screw part of the plastic lid to the open part of the bucket (so that hay and eggs do not fall out).
Important! It is recommended when building a nest to check whether it will be convenient to maintain it (remove the eggs and change litter). Inside, from time to time it is necessary to clean the walls, the floor, and disinfect, therefore the construction should be at least not very small, with access to the floor, walls, roof inside and out.
Instead of buckets, you can take simple plastic boxes that are screwed to the wall at different heights. And to make it easy for chickens to get to the nest, a wooden platform can be made at the level of the boxes.
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The main advantage of the nest with the egg box is that the hen contacts the egg for a minimum amount of time. She does not have time to peck or accidentally distribute it. The eggs obtained in such a nest are usually clean, beautiful, without litter or other dirt. But to make a nest with an egg box for laying hens with your own hands, you have to tinker.
Nest for laying hens with your own hands
Important! Before you make nests for chickens, you need to think about where they will stand. This will allow you to accurately measure the dimensions and make the most convenient design that fits easily into the space reserved for it.
For this design will need:
egg cage (can be made from a fine, durable mesh)
First you need to build a strong box - a nest for chicken. For this is used chipboard, nails, hammer. The size of the box for one layer is 30x30x30 cm. However, the bottom is made with a slope of 8-10 degrees. The slope is taken to the back of the nest. Front entrance is cut, where they will go chickens.
A hole is cut from the back in the bottom (from wall to wall, about 8 cm wide). Down to this slotted hole attach a collection of eggs, sheathed with a cloth or just not deep, so that the eggs do not beat when they roll into it. They put such constructions in such a way that it was easy to get to the back wall where the eggs are rolling.
You can also make a double bottom jack. In this case, the egg digger is not needed. Under the nest floor is attached another, sloping floor. Only now the bias is made in the direction of the entrance, not the back wall, and a strip is attached to the front in front of it so that the eggs do not fall out. Thus, the egg, rolling down, falls on the second bottom and rolls toward the entrance. The second bottom can be made of wood or of fine mesh. The main thing is only to densely cover it with sawdust so that the eggs do not beat.