Breeding chickens is a profitable business. But in order to regularly receive nutritious eggs, meat, you must constantly breed young chicks. For breeding chickens in large plants use an incubator, but in small farms you can use the natural method. The process is not difficult, but to ensure that everything goes without problems, you need to know exactly how many days the chicken incubates the eggs before the birth of the chicken and what kind of help is required from the breeder.
When chickens rush?
Chickens start to be born very early. Egg breeds can give the first eggs as early as 4.5 months, and outbred or meat-eating by 5-6.5 months and only meat breeds give late laying of eggs by 7-8 months of life. The conditions of detention, nutrition, the presence of all the vitamins and minerals in the feed that females need for productivity also affect early maturity. If conditions and nutrition are high, then the female will begin to give the first eggs on time or even earlier, but poor conditions, on the contrary, retard the development of the bird.
Chickens start to be born already from the 5th month of life.Interesting! In winter, chickens carry fewer eggs or stop giving them altogether. This is a natural process for birds, because winter is a time of rest. On eggs at this time, chickens are planted in rare cases, because they can leave the nest at any time.
When a chicken is ready to start laying eggs, its appearance may change significantly. The comb gets a more saturated color, it may even become larger. The bird becomes restless or, on the contrary, too calm. From now on, she begins to lay eggs, which, if a rooster is present, will be fertilized.
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Before thinking about how long a hen hatch eggs, you need to determine which eggs are suitable for this process. The main question of interest to young breeders - do you need a rooster in the hen house? Yes, without a rooster to get young growth will not work - only a productive male, can give good offspring.
A fertilized egg is produced with a healthy rooster.
Chickens easily rush without a male, but their eggs are not fertilized, they can only be used for food. A fertilized egg is produced exclusively with a healthy rooster in the henhouse. At the same time, there should be no more than 12 layers per male!
How to choose a hen hen?
The most important thing in the natural hatching process is the female. The hen chosen for incubation should have a developed maternal instinct, be strong, calm, diligent. Sit on the eggs may be a young quiver, which has not even turned a year, but the chance to get good young from it is small. In such cases, the breeder has to control the entire process, constantly monitor the female, eggs, temperature and other things, and it is quite difficult.
Chicken hen photoImportant! Only a healthy, adult hen chicken can cope with hatching eggs!
Strong maternal instinct wakes up in chickens at 2-4 years. It is this female that is suitable for this process. How many days the chicken incubates the egg to the chicken, in this case it will no longer have a big role, because the whole process will depend on the bird - it controls it, and the breeder only needs to feed and water the hen.
The female, ready for egg-laying, usually does not rush, often clucks, can pluck down on the stomach and spread the nest on them. Such an individual has a downed constitution, but by weight it is not heavy for the shell to endure. The plumage of a good quiver is plentiful, so that there is enough heat, the belly is big, like the wings, because the bird will cover them and warm the eggs.
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Knowing how many days a chicken incubates eggs is very important. This allows you to establish a regular process for obtaining young naturally, without an incubator. Thus, you can get young growth every month! But only under the right conditions it is realistic to implement.
Chickens laying photos
- Without eggs, there will be no young, therefore it is necessary to select good eggs. Harvesting is carried out within a week, but it can be faster if the livestock is large. Selected eggs are stored in storage with a temperature of +15 degrees and at a humidity of 75%. In addition, each egg is turned over daily until they are placed in the nest. Only whole eggs are suitable, with a smooth shell, without irregularities, normal shape, color and medium size.
- The nest should be soft so that the eggs are not cracked, as well as large so that there is enough space. Install it in a quiet, cozy place where no one will interfere with the female. The approximate size of the nest is 55x35 cm. The place may be poorly lit, but not completely dark throughout the day. Yet the female can rarely get up from the clutch, and the light is very important to her!
It is best to plant the female on the nest in the spring, although in principle this can be done at any other time of the year.
How many days does a chicken incubate eggs?
Before the chicken is planted on real eggs, they put two dummy models under it. You can take plastic or porcelain to check whether she will sit on them or not. If the chicken is sitting without getting up for 2 days, then you can start laying real, prepared eggs with it.
The female can sit 10-15 eggs.
One female can sit 10-15 eggs, but a lot depends on the size of the hen, the breed and the eggs themselves. And how many days does the chicken incubate the eggs? The incubation process takes, in general, approximately 20-21 days. However, chicks hatch sometimes not together, but gradually, within 3-5 days. So if 8 out of 10 chicks hatch right away, this does not mean that the rest of the eggs are bad, maybe you just need to wait.
When the eggs are hatched, the chicken should, as before, receive sufficient food and water. In order to make it easier for the female, a feeder and water bottle are placed next to the nest, and from time to time they supplement them with food. Food should be high-calorie, nutritious, with an abundance of vitamin and minerals, so that the chicken, with a rare consumption of food, receives all the necessary nutrients.
The first two days you can not touch the chicken, otherwise it will leave the nest. This is an important time when eggs need to be heated to a certain temperature. So there is no need to take risks. But if after the second day the female does not get up to eat, you need to remove it from the nest for 5-10 minutes, take it to food, water, and then lay it on the eggs again. This is done very carefully so as not to hurt the bird and not to damage the eggs.Important! Some breeds of chickens lack maternal instinct. They do not sit on eggs, and therefore they can be bred only by means of layers of other breeds (which will assume the role of mothers) or an incubator.
All the time a chicken hen eggs before a chicken, it is under great stress. Because of this, it reacts sharply to any unusual noise, temperature, humidity, and other such things. If she gets scared, she will simply get up from the clutch and will not sit down on her for more than 6-12 months. So she needs to provide complete rest.
How many days does a chicken hatch eggs to a chicken?
Chickens behave differently during egg-laying. Some cannot sit still, others do not rise from the nest in days. That is why breeders are often interested in how many maximum hen hatch eggs? When overheating, the first chicks may appear on day 19 already. This is quite normal and even on the 18th day they can also begin to appear, you should not be afraid - this is natural, given that the egg can lie on the warmest and coldest place. On day 20, a massive hatching of chickens occurs. But on the 21-23 day the last chicks appear. They are usually small, and they may be weak, but quite viable. The maximum chicken incubates the eggs for 23 days before the appearance of the chicken, after this period the chances of getting the chickens are zero.
Hatching chickens photoInteresting! Chickens are able to hatch not only their own eggs, but also eggs of other breeds of chickens and even other types of poultry.
During the hatching of eggs, it is desirable to monitor the quiver and young. It is sometimes difficult for chickens to get out of the shell. They can break it, but not completely removed. In this case, you can help, but very carefully, with clean hands or a rag. But if blood appears, then the procedure must immediately stop! If not all chicks hatched, you should pick up those already born in a brooder. Thus, the female will not need to get up from the nest to care for the young, and she will continue to hatch eggs. And when the last chick is hatched, it will be possible to return all the young stockings to the female, so that she will look after him.
Many breeders try to help the chicken and constantly look at the eggs, check their suitability, but this is no use. Usually females themselves know which eggs are with frozen embryos, which are bad and independently throw them out of the nest. But how can a breeder help?
The only thing that is required of him, except for feeding and watering, is to watch how long the chicken incubates the eggs so that it does not sit on them. The fact is that many hens are waiting for the birth of the last chicken, while others with the first brood get up from the clutch. So everything is individual, but if the female sits on eggs for more than 30 days, then there will be no good, only harm to the bird. So the breeder must control this process and, in the case of overexposure, remove the female and throw out the bad eggs.
Hatching eggs for chickens is a natural process inherent in genes. They normally tolerate this time, and after the appearance of the young, they usually carefully watch the chicks and take care of them. Chickens thus obtained are quite productive, viable and even valued more than those that were hatched in the incubator!