A healthy garden is a joy for the gardener. But so that the trees are not afraid of disease and dangerous insects, you need to spray them in time. The first works in the garden begin in March. Treating trees in the spring can destroy diseases and pests, as well as prevent their occurrence, because it is at this time that many insects awaken, and diseases become active.
When to process trees?
Spraying trees photo
In the spring, fruit trees, as well as berries, are processed several times. This is usually done in early spring, before the appearance of flowers and after flowering. In all these manipulations, you can "get lost", especially if the practice of gardening has never happened. Below is a detailed table, which shows when, why and how to handle trees in spring.
|Period||Job||Preparations (at choice)|
|Spraying prophylactic against pests that winter in trees|
|Before bud break||Spraying against fungal diseases|
|Pest larvae prevention|
|During flowering||Spraying to increase immunity against fungi|
|Processing from ticks, weevils|
|After flowering||Rot Prevention|
|Spraying against pests|
As you can see, there is a lot of work on treating trees in spring. But they are necessary for maintaining immunity and the general health of garden crops.
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The first activities in the garden are in March, before buds begin to blossom on the trees. It is necessary to remove insulation, clean the area, conduct sanitary pruning. At the same time, the treatment of trees in the spring from pests begins. Insects, depending on the species, can settle on trees at different times of the year, so you can not do spraying once a year in the hope of not encountering them again. Prevention and additional work will be required throughout the warm season, but in different cases use different methods of struggle.
Harm caused by aphids photo
Lime whitewashing trees can protect them from various pests that can settle and live in the bark. Before whitewashing, the bark needs to be cleaned and then whitened. Thus, it is possible to destroy the habitats of insects and prevent their re-settlement in the bark.Interesting! Whitewashing trees also protects the trunk from sunburn on hot days.
Before budding in the trees, it is necessary to take measures to combat the larvae, which during this period become active. From them, you can use effective broad-spectrum insecticides: Karbofos, Aktellik, Decis Profi, Prokleym, as well as Bordeaux liquid, Urea.
Around the appearance of the buds, or when they appear en masse on a tree, cultures are often subjected to the mass attack of the moth. Caterpillars are especially dangerous for apple trees! So before flowering, it is imperative to carry out work to destroy them. For this you can use the drugs "Fitoverm", "Atom", "Zolon", "Ivanhoe", "Sirocco", "Detsis", "Alatar", "Iskra M", "Bean", "Lepidotsid", "Ditox" or Bordeaux Liquid, Urea.Interesting! Effective gardeners consider spraying diesel fuel in early spring. It covers the surface with a thin film, blocking the access of oxygen to pests.
In the period of flowering trees wake up mites. So at this time it does not hurt to protect fruit trees, as well as berries, from the effects of a dangerous insect. If this moment is missed, the mites will settle on each tree and this will inevitably affect the crop. From ticks often used "Aktellik", "Bi-58 New", "Bona Forte", "Karate", "Fitoverm".
After flowering, trees are carefully examined for the presence of pests. If they are noticed, they re-process, if not, all subsequent work can be postponed until summer.
Treating trees in the spring from diseases
Even a single disease, if not treated, can lead to the complete destruction of the garden. Trees are able to fight for a long time with fungi, viruses, but if they do not help, sooner or later the disease will win. So, the treatment of fruit trees in spring from diseases begins even before bud break.
Garden treatment for pests and diseases
- Seed cultures are treated before bud break from black cancer, scab, actraciasis and cytosporosis.
- Stone trees can be sprayed for klyasterosporiosis, moniliosis, coccomycosis and cytosporosis.
For both stone fruit and seed trees, budding plants use fungicides like Horus and Skor. You can also apply the "Iron Vitriol", "Copper Vitriol", "Bordeaux Liquid".It is important! In order not to carry out the treatment of pests and diseases separately, it is possible to mix the funds into one container and spray the trees with the composition obtained. However, this is only possible if the drugs are compatible! So before buying, you should consult with the seller - you can interfere with them or not.
Before flowering, and sometimes during, spraying of scab and blotchiness, coccomycosis, moniliasis, and nodules is carried out. Despite the fact that most of these diseases have already been treated, it is necessary again to increase the resistance of plants. You can use the drugs for this: "Strobe", "Skor", "Chorus", "Raek", "Fitolavin", "Bordeaux mixture", "Poliram DF".
When the flowers fall off and the ovaries appear in their place, you will need to make another final treatment for putrefactive diseases. Here we can recommend "Alirin-B", "Diskor", "Topaz", "Gamair", "Gliokladin", "Fitolavin" or "Urea". At this spring processing of trees against pests and diseases ends. But this does not mean that the work in the garden is finished altogether. In the summer, you should closely monitor the crops in order to protect them in time from summer ailments and insects.
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Some preparations in the garden are used more often than others. They are highly effective and help very well from both pests and diseases. Every novice gardener must know about these preparations and use them if the need arises. Among these drugs emit - Bordeaux liquid, urea, copper and iron sulphate.
Preparation Bordeaux liquid at home
Bordeaux liquid is one of the most famous and common tools used for trees. It consists of copper sulfate and lime. Its color is always blue, so it’s difficult to confuse with anything. For processing using 3% solution.
Bordeaux liquid is considered a strong fungicide. It can cope with fungal diseases, blemishes and is effective against pests, due to the fact that it contains lime. It is suitable for the treatment of any fruit and berry crops.
Iron sulfate for processing trees
Iron sulfate is the second most popular drug. It is most often used in the processing of plums, pears, cherries, apples. Mainly allows you to get rid of all sorts of diseases that are already on the tree or can only hit it.
Photo of iron sulphateImportant! Iron vitriol is not only a protective agent. During use, it also saturates cultures with iron, which is necessary for many fruit and berries for normal development and fruiting.
When using ferrous sulfate to handle trees in the spring, you need to know that they work with this tool only before the buds in the trees are in full bloom! Used 3% solution - this will be more than enough for an adult culture.
Treating copper sulphate
Copper sulphate in its action is similar to Bordeaux liquid, but it helps against pests. In order for the drug to bring great benefit, it is usually added some kind of broad-spectrum insecticide. If there is no such product on sale, you can simply alternate the treatment of copper sulfate with insecticide spraying - this will also be effective.
The bluestone itself copes with curly, coccomycosis, moniliasis, phyllostiosis, cholesterol, scab, and other diseases. It is not only possible for them, but even recommended to process first of all apples, pears and plums.
But copper sulfate has one major drawback - toxicity. During work with him, protective suits and gloves are used. It is important to exclude it from entering the pond, fountain, tank with water from which animals, people, fish drink. The working solution is prepared from 100 g of copper sulphate and 10 liters of water. Higher concentrations for trees can be dangerous.
Urea or urea is a powerful remedy against the extermination of a wide variety of pests on fruit and berry trees. Also, this tool can protect trees from putrid diseases. Treating trees in spring involves the use of a solution prepared from 500-700 g of urea per 10 liters of water.Important! Treating trees with urea allows you to fight insects, and also nourishes the plants with nitrogen, activating the process of awakening and growth.
Gardeners often interfere with urea and copper sulfate. On average, 600 g of urea is taken 50 g of copper sulfate and a bucket of warm water. This mixture allows you to get rid of pests and diseases on the tree, and also slows down its development by 1-2 weeks. A similar method is often used for those crops, which bloom falls on return frosts. If processing is carried out in time, flowering will occur after the return frost and the buds will not freeze.
The drug is not dangerous, in any case, for a person, so serious protection measures are not required if urea does not interfere with anything. Preparing a tool for processing immediately before the procedure! A concentrated solution is used only in early spring, and after flowering it is weak, because the abundance of urea can leave burns on the leaves.