Anemone is a perennial genus of plants of the buttercup family. The second name of the flower is an anemone. The distribution area is the extratropical part of the Northern Hemisphere, including the Arctic. From Greek, the name of the culture (Anemone) translates as "wind." This name is due to the fact that the flower is rather fragile, delicate - its leaves, petals tremble even with a slight wind.
There are over 170 types of Anemone flowers. But only some of them are widespread. There are ornamental and wild species that grow exclusively in natural conditions. If we talk about the classification of varieties, then there are several.
There are many types of anemone (about 120)
Flowers Anemones are distinguished by the type of root system:
- with long segmented rhizomes;
- with short and thickened roots;
- anemones whose roots form offsprings.
By flower type:
By plant height:
- undersized (10-50 cm);
- medium length (50-100 cm)
- tall (more than a meter).
Most often divide the anemones at the time of flowering - spring and autumn. In this case, autumn anemones are often called summer ones, because their flowering usually occurs at the end of summer and lasts until the beginning of autumn.
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The peculiarity of spring varieties of anemone in their delicate, elegant flowers. The color of the petals is always pastel, for example, blue, light lilac, pink, white, cream and so on. Their terrestrial part develops rather quickly, but not for long because they belong to the so-called ephemeroids. The shoots appear in April, in May they bloom, and in July they begin a period of rest.
On the photo are spring anemones (anemone)
- Anemone tender or blanta - grows a low plant, up to 10 cm in height. The most common varieties of "Enchantress" with pink flowers, "Blue Shadows" with blue, "Pomp" with white buds, as well as "Pink Star".
- Buttercup anemone - one of the most unpretentious species. Its main quality is the possibility of growing on any type of soil. Flowers are always yellow, not very big, but bright.
- Anemone oakwood grows up to 30 cm on average. This is another unpretentious look. Flowers gives not large. The color of the buds is most often white, but there are also blue, red and lilac species. Varieties: "Vestal" - white flowers, "Alenia" - blue buds with a pink tinge "," Robinsonian "- lilac color.
Japanese anemone and other autumn species
Autumn, they are summer anemones, for the most part are perennial. They have a developed root system, flowering lasts from the last weeks of summer to mid-autumn. Peduncles powerful, in height may be more than a meter. Flowers are possible of any type.
Autumn species have slender and powerful flower stalks.
- Japanese anemone grows bouquets and this is its main feature. Up to 15 buds can form on one stalk. Pamina produces large, dark pink colored terry flowers. "Prince Heinrich" - semi-double flowers of pink color. "Hadspen Ebandens" - tall variety with cream buds.
- Crown anemone blooms 2 times a year. The first time is at the beginning of summer, and the second time is in autumn, but only under favorable conditions. Among the popular varieties distinguished "De Caen" with single, simple colors of different colors and "Mr. Fokker" with blue buds.
Pictured Anemone De Caen and Mr. Fokker
- Terry anemone includes many varieties. For example, "Lord Jim" has blue flowers "," Don Juan "gives red flowers. Flowers, as the name implies, always of terry type.
- Hybrid anemone - a plant that grows up to 0.5 m. The flowers he has most often simple, but may be semi-double. Popular varieties: Honorain Jobert produces white buds with a pink shade at the base. Profusion has semi-double flowers of dark purple color. "Queen Charlotte" - semi-double, pink buds.
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Anemones can be grown outdoors and even at home in pots. But, experts recommend that you decide in advance on where to plant the plant and not replant it, except for reproduction or wintering. The fact is that the anemone is a very delicate culture. Any transplant for her is a lot of stress, and if a young flower can still cope with this, then adult cultures usually do not tolerate such tests.
Planting anemone tubers is relatively easy
Place for landing to choose, based on several criteria.
- The earth must not be acidic! Before planting, a little dolomite flour or wood ash must be added to it. The latter option is even better, because it additionally nourishes the soil.
- The soil is chosen loose, nutrient with a porous structure.
- Landing is best done in the penumbra. In bright light, the period of flowering of the crop is reduced.
If the plant is grown in indoor conditions, then you need to pick a good, nutritious and drained soil, and find a lighted place for the pot, where there will be no direct sunlight. It can be a western window or a bedside table placed in the middle of a bright room.
Breeding and planting anemone
Proper reproduction of anemones allows you to get healthy plants in a short time.
- Varieties with an extensive root system is very easy to propagate. The mother plant is usually dug up and simply cut off part of the root with a point of regrowth. Now it remains only to plant the process separately.
- Tuberous anemone can breed by dividing the tubers. Carry out the procedure in early spring. At this time, the movement of juices is slowed down and therefore harm to the anemone will be difficult to cause. To begin with, the tuber is placed in water so that it swells. It is cut so that each separate piece has several kidney renewals. It remains only to seed tubers. They are buried by 3-7 cm.
- Reproduction by seeds. Seeds for planting are selected fresh - the longer they lie, the less chance of getting the seedlings. Seeds are sown in the ground in early spring, you can even directly into the open ground. The cold for them is good quenching, and thanks to the melted snow there will be no problems with soil moisture. The embedment depth is very small. Seedlings are extremely gentle and may simply not be able to hatch, if they are deeply buried during planting. The first shoots can be seen in a month. If the seeds are sown in the fall, they will slip in the spring.
How to care for anemone?
Delicate flowers anemone can not please the eye. They are very beautiful, bright, stand out in any flowerbed. But in order for flowers to appear regularly, and for the plant to fully develop, it is worthwhile to ensure proper care for the culture.
Care is a plentiful watering in hot weather.
- After planting, the plants always mulch. A nutritional cushion of peat or foliage of deciduous trees can slow the growth of weeds, improve the nutritional value of the soil and retain moisture in the ground so that it does not evaporate quickly.
- Weeds are removed as they appear so that the earth is not clogged. It is important to ensure that the earth is not taken in a tight lump - it is loosened from time to time, especially if there is no mulch. If it is, then loosening is carried out when the mulch is replaced.
- Water anemones love and grow best on a moderately moist land, but the earth must be drained! Moisture stagnation can adversely affect the root system.
- Top dressing recommended, but not very often. Like any other plant, the anemone can be depleted during the flowering period, so it is fed at this particular time. As soon as the first buds appeared, complex mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil according to the instructions in liquid form and only after or before watering.
- In very rare cases, an anemone can get sick. And even the pest is not often affected. But the leaf nematode loves this culture. It is pointless to fight it, especially in advanced cases, the infected plant is dug out and burned, and the rest is treated with strong insecticides. Diseases also use floral fungicides.
- If the plant is grown in the open ground of the middle band, then it can be safely left for the winter. Small frosts carry the anemone without problems, but it is desirable to increase the layer of mulch for the winter to about 30-35 cm, so that in spring, the plant will grow faster. In the northern regions, it is advisable to dig up the roots for the winter, especially if it is a tuberous species. After digging, the ground part is removed, and the tubers are immersed in sand or peat and removed in a cool place until spring.
Anemone - an interesting plant that can be grown in the house or in the open ground. She is in great demand among flower growers for tenderness and beauty. And if you plant it properly and subsequently, take care, you can get a strong culture with abundant, annual flowering.