Kalanchoe refers to succulents. The plant has green, rather thick leaves, a fleshy stem. Flowers in flowering species may be yellow, crimson, white, pink or even blue. It requires minimal maintenance, it can be a long time not to be watered or fed - the Kalanchoe flower grows without problems. It was unpretentiousness that made him a favorite plant for young, inexperienced flower growers.
Types of Kalanchoe
There are more than 200 types of Kalanchoe. Each species has its own external features, so the flower may look completely different. Some species are decorative, others - healing properties. Below are the most common types of flowers Kalanchoe, which are most often grown at home.
Photos of potted flowers Kalanchoe
- Kalanchoe Degremona - treatment plant. It has fleshy leaves and does not bloom. This is a vivifying plant, reproduced by children, which appear at him right along the edges of the leaves. Healing properties of Dergemon juice, which is squeezed out of the leaves. It can disinfect and heal wounds, and also helps from a cold.
- Cirrus Kalanchoe also applies to therapeutic species. Its leaflets are oval with visible veins, which is why they resemble feathers (hence the name). He also kids ripen on the edges of the leaves.
- Tubiflora or the trumpet-flower Kalanchoe differs by narrow leaves of medium length, concave inward and an abundance of children at their edges.
- Kalanchoe Mangina or Mangini - a decorative look, giving long shoots. It grows with an ampel bush. From time to time it blooms with red buds in the form of bells.
- Kalanchoe dissected or "deer horns" - this is a very interesting, decorative look. The plant produces long shoots with dissected, narrow leaves, which from the side very much resemble deer antlers. The color of the whole plant is saturated green and from far away it is difficult to distinguish where the leaves are, and where the pagons are.
- Kalanchoe Blossfeld - another decorative look. It grows a bush, compact. The pagons are not very big. The leaves are more round than elongated. Flowers are collected in umbrella inflorescences.
There are also many other species, but these are the ones most often found in apartments and houses. And in order for Kalanchoe to grow well, it is necessary to ensure proper conditions for it.
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Immediately after purchasing a Kalanchoe flower, you need to find a suitable place for it to grow and ensure proper care at home.
Photo watering Kalanchoe
- This is a photophilous plant. It can be put in partial shade, but then the stems will be strongly stretched, and it does not always look beautiful. On the sunny side you can put it, but you need to keep in mind that with an abundance of sunny color, the leaves may turn a little red. It is not dangerous for a flower and even like many flower growers.
- The allowable summer temperature is +23 ... +25 degrees, in winter, a flower is enough + 11 ... +16 degrees. At the same time you need to know that greater or lower temperatures within reasonable limits will not lead to the death of the flower. So, for example, in winter, lowering the temperature to +8 degrees is permissible for a short period of time, as well as raising the temperature to +30 degrees in the summer.
- There is no need for abundant and frequent watering. Due to the fact that the leaves are fleshy, the plant can be long without water. The abundance of water can lead to rotting, so usually this flower is watered when the earth dries out. In summer, watering is increasing, due to the rapid evaporation of moisture, and in winter is reduced. So you can not say exactly how much water you need flower, the main thing is not to allow strong drying of the soil.
- You can fertilize during the appearance of flowers or after transplantation, so that the crop will take root faster. But in general, Kalanchoe grows well without feedings. Only in those cases when it is noticeable that the flower lacks nutrition (yellowing of leaves, lack of flowers, causeless falling of leaves), it is necessary to use complex mineral fertilizers for top dressing.
- Kalanchoe can be strongly drawn out, so after buying it is desirable to form it in order for the plant to grow in a bush. Pruning is carried out after flowering, in spring or summer. Peduncles are cut, and the stems are simply shortened. At the site of the cuts, usually after a short time, new shoots appear, if desired, they can be pinched so that more side wads appear.
How to transplant Kalanchoe?
Best of all, Kalanchoe grows in neutral or slightly acidic soil, which passes water well (drained). Such land can be bought at the store (“for succulents”) or simply mix universal soil with sand in a 1: 1 ratio.
It is worth replanting young sprouts annually, in the spring. A new pot is taken 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous one, so that there is much room for the root system to develop. Adults Kalanchoe transplanted every 2-3 years. The pot is selected based on the size of the plant so that it will not be cramped after transplantation.
A few hours before the transplant, the Kalanchoe is watered so that the old pot will get well. At the bottom of the new pot you need to put a layer of drainage to avoid stagnation of water. Then the plant is removed from the previous container and the old earth is robbed, but very carefully so that the roots are not damaged.Important! Land for planting Kalanchoe should be similar in composition to that in which the plant originally grew, otherwise there may be a negative reaction from the plant.
On top of the drainage, the earth is poured into a new pot and then the plant itself is gently dipped. The ground is gently poured on each side until the pot is completely full. You can press the earth a little with your fingers, and then pour it on top. In about 1-2 weeks, the plant should take root completely.
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Kalanchoe flowers propagate by several methods: leaf, cuttings, children, seeds.
Kalanchoe: home care
- Children. This is the easiest way. Species in which children grow on the edge of the leaves pour them directly to the ground. After hitting the ground, the baby begins to take root quickly, and then goes to growth. So, all that needs to be done is to wait for the period when the children will ripen and spread them directly over the ground in a new pot, and then pour. After they go to growth, they will be seated.
- Leaf cuttings can propagate any type of Kalanchoe. The leaf should be cut and buried in the ground. It will start to give roots rather quickly, and then new processes will appear.
- Top cuttings also propagate any species. To do this, cut the apical stalk of an adult plant and dry it for a couple of days. Then the culture is buried in a moist ground and make sure that the earth does not dry out. After some time, the plant will begin to grow.
- In rare cases, seeds are used for propagation. As a rule, this method is used by breeders to get a new variety. Seeds are simply sown in the ground, moistened and covered with glass. After a while, in a warm room, they will begin to germinate. And after the sprouts grow, it will be possible to plant them.
Why does not Kalanchoe bloom?
On the island of Madagascar - the birthplace of Kalanchoe, the plant blooms at the end of summer when sunny days become short. So the flower lays flower buds in a short daylight. It blooms in Europe and Asia in December-May. But if you reduce the period of daylight hours to 8-10 hours a day, he can start giving flowers at any time of the year.
Flower care KalanchoeInteresting! Kalanchoe Blossfelda, under the right conditions, is able to bloom all year.
For 4 weeks, when a short day is maintained, the plant lays flower buds on the plant. The plant for this can be simply covered with a box of dense, dark material for 14-16 hours, and for the remaining 8-10 hours the box is removed so that the plant is fed with sunlight.
In addition, to get the flowers of the plant, it is also recommended to water less and ensure it is cool. After 4 weeks, the plant will begin to bloom. Flowering can last 3-4 months. All faded flower stalks are removed, so that the flower does not waste their strength on them and release new arrows.
How to care after flowering?
After the last Kalanchoe flower fades, you need to change the care at home a little. This is the resting time for the plant when it is resting and preparing for a new bloom. The florist is required to:
- remove all faded flower stalks;
- shorten the stems;
- place the plant in a cool place (+ 11 ... +16 degrees), it is possible with darkening.
Watering at this time need a little, direct sunlight should be avoided. In about a month the plant will recover, and in 2.5-3 months it will be ready to re-bloom.
Healing properties of Kalanchoe
Among the various domestic plants, Kalanchoe (some of its species), can boast downright healing properties. It has a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory effect. Most often it is used externally to heal wounds, cuts, purulent inflammations that are poorly tightened.
In the people it is called "the surgeon without a knife." This name is given to the plant for a reason. It can clear necrotic masses and kill Staphylococcus aureus, as well as hemolytic and non-hemolytic streptococci. It is also able to help with SARS in the early stages, increases immunity and allows the body to recover faster after serious exertion.
It is often used as a medicine for sinusitis, tonsillitis, otitis. Moreover, the use is usually not external, as in the case of wounds, but internal. From Kalanchoe you can make tinctures, decoctions, and often interfere with other medicinal herbs to enhance the healing qualities.
Kalanchoe from a cold to children
How to use Kalanchoe from a cold in children? To do this, you need to tear off a couple of leaves and, grind them with a knife or tear them into small pieces, squeeze the juice through gauze or bandage, and then drip it with a pipette. If the leaves of Kalanchoe are quite fleshy, then you can push it with your fingers and squeeze the juice right into your nose.
Do not forget that plants are considered more effective, age from 3 years, young shoots and leaves have less effect. For those who do not want to mess with the plant, or do not trust traditional medicine, you can buy a tool in a pharmacy based on aloe and kalanchoe juice.
Treatment of rhinitis with Kalanchoe is absolutely not suitable for all children. As with any other treatment, an individual approach is important. Kalanchoe can be used by children up to a year, but it needs to be guided by the child’s reaction (after all, allergic reactions in infants are quite common). It is better for babies to bury kalanchoe broth from a cold, to one-year-old kids - juice divorced with water, while older children (from 2 years old) will get undiluted drops. Very young children wipe their nostrils with a cotton swab or swab dipped in broth, bury their elders. This should be done 3-4 times a day. Before the procedure, it is better to consult with your pediatrician.
Reviews of Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe is a very famous plant around the world. He has a lot of fans in the circle of flower growers.
- Stepan Kulikov: “Kalanchoe is both beauty and a doctor in a house. It looks in pots, it can grow in a flowerbed. We always plant our flowers for the summer in the garden so that they have more air, and the sun too. In winter, of course, we take it into the house. After transplants take root quickly and grow again. "
- Julia Zimina: “In our house, Kalanchoe grows as I can remember. Even as a child, my grandmother applied healing leaves of a medicinal plant to her knees that were brought down — it helped in a few days. The plant removes and disinfects pain. And how wounds heal quickly with it! My grandmother and mother used to grow Kalanchoe on a windowsill and use it for medicinal purposes. "
- Nina Guryeva: "Kalanchoe is a very beautiful plant. I love all blooming species. It is very easy to take care of them and there have never been any problems with reproduction. I have been selling young plants of different varieties for 3 years. Children grow fast and I never feed them. In general, this is very strong culture, can survive in any conditions, as my experience shows! "