Cabbage is a wholesome, nutritious product. Depending on the type of this vegetable, the taste, appearance, method of cultivation, as well as the period and method of harvesting may differ. When to pick a cabbage of one kind or another, as well as how to do it, will be described below in the article.
When to pick up cabbage from the garden for the winter
When to pick up cabbage from the garden for the winter
White cabbage in vegetable growing is incredibly popular. There are many recipes in which it is a key ingredient. In cosmetology and traditional medicine, this product is also often used. Growing cabbage of this type is not very difficult, if you do everything according to the rules, but due to improper harvesting, the entire crop can quickly deteriorate. So, when to clean the white cabbage for storage for the winter?
Cleaning depends on the ripening period of the head. On the early cabbage will be discussed below. As to mid-season and late, then you need to follow the appearance of the heads and varietal features. Mid-ripening varieties ripen about 100-135 days, and later 140-180 days from the moment of emergence.
Ready-made heads of cabbage are hard, not soft, like young cabbage. The fork acquires a typical shape for the variety, the lower leaflets can begin to dry for natural reasons. Ripe cabbage has a rich color and tightly fitting leaflets.
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When to pick up early cabbage
Early white cabbage has delicate leaves, pleasant, fresh taste, high juice content. The heads of early cabbage have a loose texture, they are not dense, soft, light green in color. Stump is always small. When to collect it?Important! Harvesting is carried out with a sharp knife. It is advisable to wash it after each cut or wipe it off with a clean rag so as not to carry the infection into the cut heads. If the cut is clean and there is no infection or spore of the fungus before drying, the cabbage will be stored longer.
Early cabbage appears in the markets since the beginning of spring, but if we talk about growing outdoors, and not in greenhouses, then getting a very early harvest is not always obtained. The first heads of cabbage are cut off 100 days after sowing the seeds - this is the optimal time for most early varieties.
When to remove the leaves from cabbage
Photo of white cabbage
An important point when growing white cabbage is cleaning the bottom leaves. Many gardeners believe that it is necessary for the head to ripen faster and have a juicier, richer taste. After all, the cabbage will no longer spend its strength on the lower leaves and will put all the resources on the ripening head.
Other gardeners believe that cabbage does not need this procedure. For cabbage, this can be a serious stress, especially while the plant is young and is just beginning to develop. So if you remove the bottom leaves, when the cabbage is still small and just started to form a head, it can delay the development and full maturation of the crop.
As you can see, in this matter, gardeners have two opinions, but which one is the right one? Experts believe that cutting the leaves is not necessary. But if and to do this procedure, then by all the rules, observing the methodology and timing.
- When harvesting leaves from cabbage depends on the ripening of one or another variety, but in any case, at this moment the head should be almost completely ripe!
- Cutting the lower leaves is only necessary with a disinfected knife or breaking them off very carefully.
- You can powder the cut areas with wood ash, or just make sure that rot does not start to develop.
- The usually rotten, dry, damaged leaves are cleaned through which the cabbage can get sick. But fresh, green, whole leaves should not be cut.
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Photo Savoy Cabbage
Savoy cabbage is similar to white cabbage, but differs in curly leaves. It is less likely to be attacked by pests, and it hurts a lot less than other types of cabbage, even though the vitamin and mineral composition of this species is very rich.Interesting! In Italy, Spain, France and Portugal, Savoy cabbage is called Milanese, and in Bulgaria - Curly.
Harvesting savoy cabbage depends on its ripening period. Early varieties must be cleaned immediately after ripening, without delay. This is due to the fact that early varieties crack strongly when overriding, and negatively affects the commercial quality. Harvesting time usually occurs within 2-2.5 months after planting the crop.
Late varieties need to stand on the bed to improve taste. Usually they ripen for 3.5-4 months, until the heads of cabbages become dense, and when it is time to clean the cabbages, a cold autumn comes. But do not worry that the heads will freeze. They with ease transfer frosts to-7 degrees.
How and when to clean the Brussels sprouts
Photos of Brussels Sprouts
A lot of time is needed for ripening Brussels sprouts. The first harvest is collected from October. The last fruits ripen by the end of autumn (beginning or end of November - depending on the climate). Harvesting is selective, because the shoots can continue to grow after harvesting the main crop and they can still ripen rodents.
If you need to store Brussels sprouts, Kochanchik is not removed from the shoots. Gardeners simply break off the upper leaves, the apical bud and cut off the shoot at the root collar. Such heads of cabbage on the stalks are folded in plastic bags and stored for 2-3 months.
When to pick cauliflower
Cauliflower has a white head, although there are several varieties with a head of yellow, green and even purple. The head of the cabbage is very dense, assembled from several inflorescences. It is used for the preparation of the first and second courses, appetizers.
With proper weather and care during the warm season, harvesting takes place at a certain time. When to pick cabbage of this type depends on its ripening period.
- Early varieties ripen in 60-90 days after the first shoots. Therefore, the harvest at planting seedlings in early and late April is in the last days of June or the first days of July.
- Mid-season cabbage ripens in 100-130 days. Crop harvested, respectively, in late July or mid-August.
- Late species ripen about 150 days and yield at the end of August or in October. This kind of cabbage is stored the longest.
Ripened cauliflower has a head diameter in the range of 11 cm. They are quite dense, normal for a variety of color. Collect cauliflower, cutting it off with a sharp knife. But you need to cut the head with a few lower leaves, so it will be stored longer.
When broccoli is harvested
Photo of broccoli cabbage
Broccoli is one of the most useful vegetables, which is recommended for use even during strict diets. This cabbage contains an abundance of useful substances, it does not cause bloating and is easily absorbed by the body. But to get a truly useful crop, you need to know when to pick up broccoli and how to competently do it.Important! 100 g of boiled broccoli contain 180 mg of calcium and the daily intake of vitamin C!
Formed broccoli heads have a rich green color, although there are varieties with grayish heads. They are not as dense as in the case of cauliflower, and in some varieties, the inflorescences that form the head are generally loose. However, the finished cabbage should be 10-25 cm in diameter and have uncovered buds in inflorescences. It is easy to determine, just by looking at the inflorescences more closely.
The main head just cut, if he matured. But do not rush and pull the base of the plant from the root. If you leave the socket grow further, the next, small broccoli heads will start to appear from the sinuses. They are smaller than the main head, but also useful if you collect them before blooming inflorescences.
When to pick up cabbage
Photos of Beijing cabbage
Beijing cabbage is planted under film in the middle of April. It suffers little cold without any problems, so you shouldn’t pull with a landing. She needs some time to mature. Already 45 days after the appearance of the first sprouts, you can collect the first cabbage from the garden.Interesting! The advantage of Peking cabbage over other species is that it is easy to grow.
To start, remove the most lush cabbage, although it is optional. Many dishes require small sockets, so it all depends on the needs of the gardener. The main thing to ensure that it is not overripe. The longer the peking is on the plot, the longer it matures, the harder it can be leaves.
Photos of Kale
When there is not a lot of space on the site, growing white cabbage is not profitable. It takes a lot of space. But kale is an ideal alternative, because it grows a small bush and does not have a large head. Such cabbage is suitable for soups, borscht, cabbage rolls, fresh salads, appetizers, etc.
The first harvest of kale can be cut as early as June. Cabbage is not uprooted, but harvested by another method. From the bushes just cut the right amount of leaves, leaving the plant to mature and develop further. Usually the first leaves are cut off the lower leaves, and then those that are closer to the core. Kale grows until late autumn. If there is a desire, you can transplant the bushes into a large pot in the fall and keep it at home, on the windowsill, all winter. Cabbage will continue to grow and give fresh cabbage leaves for the whole winter.
Kohlrabi cabbage harvesting
Photo of kohlrabi cabbage
Kohlrabi ripens very quickly, so it is easy to grow it in the garden. Already in 2-2.5 months after sowing the seeds, it gives a full-fledged crop, which can be fully harvested, and to plant some other crop in the empty space.Important! Old kohlrabi cabbage tastes dry, may contain voids inside, and its skin is very hard and difficult to cut. Therefore, it is better not to let it overheat and remove it from the garden in time.
Kohlrabi harvest is always collected in several stages, because it rarely matures in harmony. And yet for 2-3 times you can completely free up the site. Usually, young cabbage is harvested, when stebleplods are still tender, soft and contain a lot of juice. It is simply removed from the root, cut off the stem and placed in storage or used to prepare a variety of dishes.