Duck - a beautiful, poultry, which is bred for meat, eggs, or simply as a decoration of the yard. How many days a duck sits on eggs, every breeder of this amazing bird should know, because this indicator may differ from one species to another. This article will describe how many different breeds and specificities of preparation for this process sit on eggs. Information will also be given on what problems may arise during incubation and how to solve them.
How many days do eggs of different breeds of ducks hatch
Good hens among ducks
The duck hatching process lasts an average of 28-32 days. But depending on the breed, time washes vary. The following describes how many days a duck sits on eggs, depending on the species.
- The white duck is the simplest and most popular, hatching eggs for 26-28 days. 13-15 eggs are put in one nest. And after incubation, the female takes care of the offspring herself. The same time for breeding of offspring is necessary for the breed of ducks Kayuga.
- Muscovy ducks are slow and very responsible in this regard. The female can spend 40 days in the nest before the first offspring hatch, although the first baby can appear already on the 35th day. At one time, the stock can incubate 20-25 eggs. In the first 2 days they do not leave the masonry at all! The breeder should not disturb them, because if at this time the temperature is disturbed, the ducklings will develop incorrectly.
- The Ukrainian breed is similar to the Bashkir, but unlike the latter, the female incubates the eggs with great eagerness. A hen needs 25-30 days to do this. And in order for the process to go on without a hitch, it is necessary to give the young mommy complete peace and quiet.
- Mulards are small-sized birds, so up to 15 eggs can be laid under the female. The process lasts for 1 month. Hatchlings are caring mothers, they are anxious about eggs and hatched offspring. The breeder is only required to provide enough water, food and a “pool” of water to wet the feathers. Interestingly, the female mulllards happily hatch also eggs of other breeds, and even chickens, turkeys!
- Indian runner is an interesting breed. Females are excellent chicks. For 29-32 days, the first ducklings appear and then, for another 1 month, they raise their offspring.
- Peking ducks hatch eggs not for long. The first duckling appears already on day 26, and the last - by day 29. Up to 25 testicles can be placed under the hen. But, it should be borne in mind that these Peking are not inclined to hatching. They can get up at any time and throw the clutch. So to get their offspring they usually use an incubator or lay eggs under the females of other breeds.
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Photo of a duck egg
Ducks give less eggs than chickens. Duck eggs are usually quite large, contain a lot of fat and therefore they are easy to overheat, and, as is well known, if the temperature regime is disturbed, the embryo in the egg can die in a matter of minutes. That is why breeding ducklings is troublesome.Interesting! If the egg lies under the duck for a very long time, it is applied to the ear and listened to. When a rustle is heard, the duckling develops and will soon be born, but if there is silence in the egg, then the development has stopped.
The number of eggs produced depends on the breed, food, content, as well as the lighting of the duckling. The first duck eggs are already 4-5 months old. During this period, it is desirable for them to improve the quality of food - this will positively affect the quality of the product. On average, ducks produce no more than 1 egg per day. So the maximum filling of the nest is possible only in 2-3 weeks. Although if there are many females, the process can be reduced by 2-3 times. But how many days does a duck egg hatch? This takes about a month and then, within 3 days, all ducklings hatch.
What is required from the breeder?
The breeder must carefully prepare a place for hatching eggs.
To incubate eggs successfully, you need to properly prepare for this process. The most difficult work, of course, is assigned to the duck, but participation is also required from the breeder.
- The nest is covered with a thick layer of bedding so that the eggs do not beat.
- During the laying period, the eggs obtained should be laid in a place with a temperature of up to +12 degrees, in order to be placed under the hen.
- Put the nest is recommended in a secluded place in the duckling. There should be quiet, dry, warm.
- Access to water and food from the nest should be unhindered!
- Hatching is usually carried out in the summer when the daylight time lasts a long time, so at this time the light should shine for at least 16 hours. Increase the amount of daylight gradually, and if necessary, make artificial highlighting.
- Feeding for females during egg incubation should be enriched with vitamins and minerals. You can give more vegetables or just add premixes.
- The hen, ready for such work, sits down on the nest in the evening (for a start, only one egg is laid).
- By morning, the duck is fully accustomed, and then you can begin to lay several additional eggs every evening until the nest is completely filled. It is advisable to do all the work in 2-3 days.
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Only the best eggs are placed under the hen's hen.
Under the duck, only the best eggs are laid on the hen, but how to distinguish them if outwardly they are almost the same?
- Eggs should be fresh, that is, no more than 10 days old, and preferably 7 days!
- Size should be average. Large or small can give a weak duckling.
- Eggs are checked for chips, damage, dirt. All this is considered a defect and a reason for rejection.
The number of eggs in different nests may vary. Thus, 8-12 pieces are put under a small duck, 12-20 pieces under the middle one, and up to 25 eggs under a large one. Place the eggs so that they are completely covered with feathers. But you don’t have to worry especially about this. As the hatching progresses, the duck will turn them around, and if necessary it will move itself.Important! Choosing a hen, you should focus on those females who have already turned six months old, otherwise they simply will not withstand this process or abandon the clutch.
It is important for each breeder to know not only how many days the duck sits on the eggs, but also how to select the hen for this difficult task. Ducks ready for incubation are noticeable. For a start, they cease to rush, and then they look for quiet places, filling them with their down. It is they who are ready for this difficult job.
Already hatched ducklings better transplanted for a while in a brooder
Hatching offspring process is very difficult. The hens are in constant irritation and therefore need to be properly treated. Sharp movements, noise, bright light, darkness and other stimuli are excluded. If you need to approach the hen, it is done carefully, slowly, so as not to frighten off.
You should not interfere in the process itself. This is done only as a last resort, if you need to check the health of the female, the condition of the eggs, which do not hatch for a long time. For the hen, this period is the most important - peace, tranquility, water and quality food. If a young mommy does not leave the nest on her own for natural needs, you need to lift it every 3 days, take it to food and water, and then put it back on the laying.Important! Females may not leave the clutch at all while sitting on the eggs. And since the process lasts a whole month, for them it is deadly. So it is important to monitor this and if necessary intervene.
In addition, it is necessary to provide feathery place for swimming - a basin with water, bath or something like that. It will not get far from the nest, but it is precisely with moistened feathers that it regulates the temperature of the eggs, so this is a very serious moment that cannot be overlooked.
In cases where the ducklings do not appear all at once, it is worth getting them from the clutch and transferring them to the brooder so that the female is not distracted by offspring and continues to hatch the rest of the eggs. Only after the birth of the last duckling, can all the ducklings be moved back to the mother hen, she will take care of the necessary care and protection.
How many days the duck hatching eggs, and how is the preparation and the process itself described above. But the natural process of hatching may not be as simple as it seems. There are a number of difficulties that breeders often face.
- The duck does not want to sit on the eggs. This happens due to several reasons. For a start, it should be an adult, regularly carrying eggs. But, in addition, some species (blue favorite, agidel, Bashkir, khaki-Campbell) are completely deprived of maternal instinct - it is pointless to enclose fertilized material under them.
- Ducklings are not born. This happens when the eggs are bad, not fertilized or if the hen has done something wrong. It is important that the female does not leave the clutch for more than 1.5 hours, otherwise the eggs will cool down and the embryos will die.
- Duck throws eggs from the clutch. This is possible if the eggs are too many, if the hen thinks that they are strangers or if development has stopped, as in the case of indooot. The female may also do this, not ready for incubation, as well as exhausted individuals.
The process of hatching eggs is quite simple. There is little work for the breeder to feed, water, change the water in the "bath". But, in addition, it is important to ensure that no one breaks the process and that the female is in perfect order.