Potted violets are beautiful, unpretentious plants. But it happens that they cease to bloom for some reason. It may seem that the flower is absolutely healthy. Why do not violets bloom, and what to do in this case? Details on the causes and solution of the problem can be found in this article.
Room violet bloom
The bloom of an adult, healthy violet can last almost all year round (9-10 months). Even in winter, this plant can please with beautiful flowers when grown in the southern regions, resting from flowering in the summer, during the sweltering heat. In the northern and central regions, flowering plants usually occur on spring and summer days, and the flower rests in the winter when it is cloudy and cold outside.
The bloom of adult healthy violets can last 9-10 months
Violet for the year produces many flower stalks, while the flowers are summer, winter may differ in size and color (summer buds are always bigger and brighter). And yet it so happens that the violet stops blooming. If for a whole year, the plant has never released a flower spike, it is necessary to understand the reason.Important! Bright and lush violet will bloom only if it is provided with quality care throughout the year.
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In an inexperienced and professional grower violets bloom differently. In the case of professional care, the plant receives all the attention it needs, nutrition, timely rest, so the color is magnificent. If the care has any flaws, flowering will be scarce. But one thing is when the violet gives few flowers and another when there are no flowers on it at all, throughout the whole year. To determine why violets do not bloom is easiest on the leaves.
If the leaves are large, beautiful, bright green, then the reason for the lack of flowers is that the violet was overfed with fertilizers.
- If the leaves are large, beautiful, bright green, as needed, then most likely the reason for the lack of flowers is that the culture has been overfed with fertilizers. This usually happens when drugs are purchased with an abundance of nitrogen and make them very often. In this case, the plant produces a lot of fleshy leaves of ideal shape, but does not bloom at all.
- When the leaves cease to grow at all and the flower does not release buds, the reason lies in low humidity. Most often this is observed in winter or summer, during a drought. At the same time, culture does not die and does not grow, as if it had stopped altogether.
- Lack of flowering and small leaves indicate a lack of nutrition. The reason may be in exhausted land.
Yellow leaves indicate nutritional deficiencies.
- Yellow leaves also indicate nutritional deficiencies. The plant simply lacks fertilizer, so it pulls strength from the leaves and does not bloom at all.
- If the leaves are pulled up, but the flowers have not been for more than a year, then the plant simply does not have enough light.
Determining the reason for the lack of flowering at home is very easy. And then you need to start responding. If this is not done, the plant may no longer bloom at all or even die.
What to do if the violet does not bloom
After it became clear why violets do not bloom, you can begin to solve the problem.
At low humidity in the summer, you must install a bowl of water next to the plant
- If the reason is that the plant is overfed with nitrogen, it is necessary to stop fertilizing for 1-2 months. After that, they begin to feed the crop, but with special fertilizers for flowering plants. In such dressings, usually a lot of potassium and phosphorus, which contribute to the appearance of buds.
- At low humidity in the summer, you need to install a bowl with water next to the plant, to conduct regular watering. In winter, you can fix the situation by putting a wet towel on the battery. Water from it will evaporate, increasing the humidity in the room. But to spray violets to increase the humidity is not recommended, as they can start to rot.
- If the room is more than +27 degrees, the violet will not bloom, because it falls into stagnation. At this time, she spends a lot of effort just to survive and does not bloom at all. If the temperature is reduced to + 20 ... +23, the plant may soon give buds.
- If the violets do not have enough nutrition (small or yellow leaves), it is necessary to transplant them into new soil and fertilize them in a timely manner. Transplantation is done once a year, as this plant greatly depletes the soil.
In case of lack of light, you should rearrange the violet on a lighter window.
- In case of a lack of light, it is necessary to rearrange the violet to a lighter window or to equip it with more light (in winter, for example). Recommended for violet 12-hour daylight hours.
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In order not to wonder why violets do not bloom, it is necessary to provide them with proper conditions for development. But even if with good care plants do not want to bloom, you can try to stimulate budding.
- The easiest option used at home is to increase the amount of light.
- Often, growers feed the plant before flowering with fertilizers with an abundance of potassium and phosphorus.
Stimulants such as Appin and Zircon activate an abundant bloom of violet.
- Stimulants such as Appin and Zircon, when applied according to instructions, activate the growth of violet, and it begins to bloom.
- Spring transplantation can stimulate flowering.
- The emergency method is to pour hot water (60 degrees) into the pan. This can be done only if the roots do not look out of the pot. As long as the water is absorbed into the ground through the pallet, it will cool to 35 degrees on average and will not be dangerous to the roots.
Violet that has not bloomed for a long time can be stimulated to budding by cutting the entire upper part. But when the stem of the plant is short, it is recommended to remove only the bottom row of leaves. On the bush should be no more than 10 leaves. After 1-2 months, the violet will once again delight in flowering.
Violet Transplant Features
In case of improper transplantation at home, the violet can take a long time to take root and recover, as a result, flowering slows down or does not occur at all. The following are common mistakes in transplant culture.
- Bad ground. For violets, it is worth buying a specialized soil, then they will quickly take root. If the land is taken from the garden, it is necessary to add a weak solution of potassium permanganate before using it and add peat in a 1: 1 ratio.
- Small or large pot. A pot for a violet is taken of medium size so that it is no more than 9 cm in diameter. It is not necessary to change it annually, but during transplantation it is necessary to clean it well.
- Root damage. In the process of transplanting can not damage the root. The procedure is carried out slowly, carefully, so that the roots do not break, do not bend or break.
If the violets are correct, transplanted in time, and provide them with proper care, they will release the first buds in a month. At the same time there should be a lot of buds. Although it should also be borne in mind that the number, size of flowers and even color saturation, depend on the type of violet and the period of the year.