The immunity of the turkey, its size, weight, activity depend largely on how the bird was fed at an early age. If the approach to the preparation of the diet is wrong, you can get sickly individual, not capable of survival. Even the taste of turkey meat does not meet expectations. This article will describe how to feed poults by age at home and what foods can harm them.
Feeding poults from the first days of life
Feeding poults from the first days of life
The first few days of life turkey poults are the most responsible. Most of the deaths occur at this particular time, so you need to know exactly what to feed the poults to increase immunity, activate the protective mechanisms, make them strong, resistant, viable.
The first thing to note is that the daily diet is directly dependent on age. First, they give very soft food, nutritious, with an abundance of vitamins, fats, protein. Water is given warm, you can also with vitamins, if the vet writes out a prescription. The number of feedings per day varies greatly by age:
- The first feedings are carried out every 2-3 hours - up to 9 times a day.
- From 7 days they give food approximately 7-8 times a day in small portions at the same time.
- From 14 days feeding is reduced to 6 times a day, too, at one time.
- In the month of turkey poults should eat about 6 times a day or 4 times, if the lifestyle is sedentary.
- 2-month-old turkeys eat 4 times a day.
- From 3 months, birds are fed 3-4 times a day, depending on their lifestyle and what they are bred for.
When the turkey grows up, you can already feed him a dry, coarser meal. Thanks to a developed beak and a strong stomach, the turkey will digest it without problems.
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How to feed poults on the first day
On the first day, when the chicks were just born, they have the necessary supply of nutrients for about 1-2 hours of life. Then they need to feed some light, but useful, nutritious food.
Approximately 2 g of boiled egg, and cottage cheese in the same quantity, up to 4 g of salmon, greens, 0.5 g of chalk are given. This amount is stretched for the whole day for one individual! All food should be finely chopped - very fine, so that the poults do not choke. At the same time, the food should not be sticky, but rather crumbly, otherwise the chicks will have problems with the digestive system.Important! In the day-old chicks, the swallowing reflex is very often slowly activated, so sometimes they have to put food in their beaks.
Food is placed in a shallow feeder, and you can on a cardboard board. Water is served boiled at room temperature with a small amount of sugar. Pour it into a shallow bowl so that the individuals do not choke or choke while drinking.
This diet lasts up to 7 days. Chicks should grow quickly, develop without problems. Every day, the appetite is either maintained at a level or increases.
Feeding weekly turkey poults
Turkeys love green onion feathers
By the seven days of life, the diet becomes more diverse. In addition to boiled eggs (1 g), cottage cheese (6 g), mash from crushed bran (5 g), skim meat (9 g), greens (11 g) and chalk (0.5 g), you can also give:
- dry cereal mixtures
- sunflower meal,
- crushed peas,
- boiled potatoes (5-15 g).
- crushed shell as a mineral dressing with chalk, the total amount of up to 0.5 g
The amount of food eaten per day per person rises to 40 g on average. The grams in brackets are per individual per day. Be sure to also include yeast, fish and bone meal.
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Photo of feeding two week turkeys
A boiled egg from the 14th day of life is excluded from the diet. Of course, it does not hurt, and will not lead to problems with digestion, but it is simply not profitable to give it, because the birds' appetites are growing rapidly, and this is not the most affordable food. The basis of the diet:
- wet mash prepared on skim milk, yogurt or skimmed milk (preferably homemade) (12 g);
- dry cereal mixtures of legumes, buckwheat, wheat, barley, oats, meal and cake (well shredded) (16 g);
- The greens of alfalfa, dandelions, nettle, onion feathers and similar tasty herbs are medium-chopped. The amount of green fodder is increased 3 times (15 g);
- throughout the year, some hay, straw, and pine needles are also included in the diet.
- cottage cheese (10 g), bran (10 g);
- chalk, shell (up to 1 g).
These figures in parentheses - feed consumption per individual per day.
How to feed turkeys per month?
When turkeys are a month old, their diet is changed. So, what to feed turkey poults with 30 days. In the month of turkey poults they eat mash, cooked in skewers or on water. 50% of them are made from greens to be useful, the rest - vegetables or grains. Table salt is introduced just from this time and in small quantities. Whole grain buckwheat, oats, barley, wheat, as well as crushed peas give in the evening and morning. Compound feed is desirable to make part of the daily feeding. In this case, you need to buy the one for turkey poults (it differs in age).
Cottage cheese from the diet can be excluded from considerations of economy and give very rarely as a delicacy to tribal individuals. Mel, shell are given, as before, so that digestion is correct. On an individual per day it takes up to 3 g. Meal, cake, hay, needles, bran are fed to increase the nutritional value of the feed and improve the vitamin composition.
How to feed poults in 2 months?
Meals of turkeys in 2 months is not much different from the nutrition of monthly individuals. But there are a few differences.
- Crushed corn is introduced into the diet. It is given in small portions so that the stomach gets used gradually.
- Germinated grain is not mandatory, but desirable additive. It promotes a gradual increase in muscle mass and eliminates obesity.
- Boiled potato peels are also useful, but they are introduced gradually and in small quantities.
- Grated carrots, dried nettle, needles, and mountain ash become regular, frequent feeding for the bird to make its meat tasty, and its immunity to withstand even severe cooling, climate change, small drafts possible even in the best hen house.
- Birds feed no more than 4 times a day.
In 3 months the food is maintained the same, but the amount of feed increases. 20 g of meat-and-bone flour, wheat bran, 50 g of crushed grain, 150 g of greens are consumed per individual. Salt and chalk with a shell is consumed per individual in the total amount of 5 g per day.
What can not be fed turkey poults at home?
Herbs that can not be fed turkey poults
If a breeder wants to breed large quantities of turkeys, he must learn how to feed turkey poults at home is impossible.
- Rotten, spoiled, moldy food is forbidden to give.
- Food from the table contains a lot of salt, pepper and other spices.
- Unknown herbs and overseas fruits, vegetables can be dangerous. The bird's stomach is not adapted to them, and they may not be edible.
- Overdue mixed fodder, like any such food, is dangerous.
- Gummy mash, porridge leads to indigestion.
- Coarse grains (not crushed) can get stuck in the larynx.
- Belladonna, hemlock, caustic buttercup, wild rosemary, hemlock and other poisonous herbs should be avoided altogether in order to save the bird's life.
As you can see, eating poults at home is quite simple and if you practice a little, it will not cause problems. Poults in terms of feeding are not choosy, and there are a lot of types of feed, mixed feed - you can choose the option that is beneficial and nutritious.