Narcissus (lat. Narcissus) is a monocotyledonous bulbous plants of the Amaryllis family. In ancient Rome, the warriors-winners were decorated with daffodils, in Greece they were a symbol of self-love and selfishness, and in Prussia they were a symbol of love and family well-being. This is an amazingly beautiful flower, unpretentious and fragrant with a unique history. Today, daffodils are no less popular than in earlier times. They are used for gardening flower beds, landscapes, flower arrangements and bouquets.
Varieties and types of Narcissus with a description
More than 60 species of daffodils are known, and thanks to the selection and widespread cultivation of the plant, there are up to 35 thousand varieties and hybrids of a wide variety of colors and types. We offer you the description of Narcissus with a photo:
- Poetic (Poeticus) is considered the progenitor of all kinds of daffodils. This late-looking species has large, single flowers with a sharp but pleasant aroma. The petals are white, the crowns are almost flat, small, orange, less often - red. Commercially available varieties: Actaea, Red Rim, Poetas.
- Terry (Double) - one of the latest types of daffodils. The perianth is characterized by six or more segments. Flowers are pure white, yellow or two-color. Famous varieties: Petit Four, Gay Kybo, Rosy Cloud, Tahiti.
- Joncillya or jonquilla daffodils - flowers with a very delicate, delicate aroma. Buds are collected in inflorescences of 2-6 pieces. Petals of elongated shape, crown cupped, typical from 2/3 of the petal length or slightly more. Grades: Pipit, Hillstar, Suzy.
Photo Narcissus Poetic, Terry, Joncillius
- Small-crown (Small-cap) daffodils are characterized by single flowers of white, yellow color. They can be one-color or two-color. Crown cupped length of about one third of the petal. Grades: White Lady, Verger, Barrett Browning.
- Large-crown (Large cupped) view gives single flowers of white or yellow. They can be one-color or two-color. A characteristic feature is a cup-shaped crown, which can reach the length of a petal. Popular varieties: Wild Carnival, Professor Einstein, Pink Charm.
- Tubular (Trumpet) Daffodils produce one flower per pedicle. The crown of the bud tubular, from which the name. The length of the crown is usually equal to the length of the petals. The color can be white, yellow, monochrome or two colors. Varieties: Las Vegas, N. Maximus.
Stock Foto Narcissus Small-crown, Large-crown, Tubular
- Cyclomenoid (Cyclammeus) species produces single, drooping flowers with strongly curved back petals. The crown may be different, from a third of a petal to an equal length. Grades: February Gold, Jetfire, Baby Dole, Jumblie.
- TriadraTriandrus daffodils are a species whose flowers are drooping. They can be collected in umbrella inflorescences of 2-5 pieces or stand one by one. The petals are slightly bent, the crown is cupped, half the length of the petals. Grades: Thalia, Liberty Bells, Tresamble, Hawera.
- Multicolor or tatsetnye daffodils - this is the earliest form of all known. Each peduncle has up to 20 buds - a delightful sight. The aroma is very strong. The flowers are small, yellow, white, with an orange or white crown. Grown only in a mild climate. Common varieties: Erlicheer, Scarlet Gem, Sent Agnes, Sir Winston Churchill.
Stock Foto Narcissus Cyclomeniform, Triadic, Multicolor
- Split Crowded the view is unusual in that the crown is cut into almost 1/3 of its length. The edges of the crown and petals are fringed, which looks very impressive. Grades: Parisienne, Articol, Chanterelle, Printal.
- Wild Daffodils - these are all species that are considered wild plants and their modern hybrids. These include Narcissus bulbokodium, Kentabrian and some others.
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You can grow daffodils in different ways. There are flower growers who dig and replant them annually, others do it once in 3-5 years or less. It is impossible to say which method is more correct, but it has been observed that with frequent transplantation they give larger flowers, and even more peduncles appear.Important! If the ground is peaty or clayey, it is necessary to dig up and replant daffodils annually, otherwise in 2-3 years the bulbs will become deeper and will simply stop blooming. Even greens may not appear!
Dig the bulbs after the leaves dry. This time usually falls on July. For digging, forks or similar tools are used. After digging, they are dried for 14-21 days, scrape off the old roots, ground and fold stored. Store narcissus bulbs in a dry room with good ventilation, where it is not very hot, but not cold.
When to replant daffodils?
At one place, these flowers are able to successfully grow and bloom up to 10 years, although some species - up to 3 years. As it grows, the bulb grows, becomes overgrown with children, and when the load becomes too large, it ceases to bloom. At this time, you need to transplant culture to a new place.
Repot the bulbs in autumn, less often in summer, after digging. The fact is that if you plant them in the summer, they can begin to germinate and even shoot an arrow. At the first frost in the fall, such a plant will freeze and it will be impossible to save it! But the autumn planting, described above, allows the plant to settle down in time before the cold weather, but does not allow it to rise due to low temperatures and until spring the culture is at rest.
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Daffodils are easy-care flowers that even a young amateur grower can grow. In any case, this applies to ordinary, commercially available varieties and hybrids. But even with them you need to be able to handle in order to achieve lush flowering.
These flowers are planted, usually from the last days of August to mid-September - that is, in the fall. The landing area should be sunny, only a small shadow is possible, with natural protection from blowing. You can plant these flowers as you please - in rows, bushes according to a specific scheme or by any other method.Interestingly! Awesome species, like most other species, is planted only in the open air, otherwise they will give only sparse flowering. But the hybrid species, with saturated colors (pink, scarlet, rich orange) should be planted in partial shade, otherwise the color of the petals can fade.
The land should be fairly light, fertilized. In clay always make sand. Before planting, they dig up the plot, add mineral minerals (superphosphate and potassium salt). Depending on the type of land, bulbs are buried in different ways. So in clay soil they lay at a depth of 5-7 cm, and in light - up to 15 cm. Rows are made at a distance of 30 cm from each other, 15-25 cm are left between the bulbs. After planting, the ground is slightly tamped and left for 2 weeks. so that the onions caught on.
Flower Care Narcissus
Flowers Daffodils do not bring many problems to gardeners and gardeners, to grow them is really easy. And yet, experts say that more lush flowering, bright and large flowers are observed only when a lot of time and effort was invested in the flowers.
- After 14 days after planting the bulbs, it is worthwhile to pry off a little of the upper ground and fill the received hole with sheet humus, if there is one, by 3-5 cm. If there is no sheet humus, then you can skip this item.
- Watering is needed regular, so that the earth does not dry out. But do not forget that this is a bulbous plant - with an abundance of moisture, rot can develop.
- The ground under the bushes should be loose, so it is weeded from time to time, weeds are destroyed.
- Fertilizers are usually carried out with liquid mineral fertilizers - they are quickly absorbed. The first is done at the time of emergence of shoots, the second - when flower stalks appear, and the third - when buds appear. Use can phosphorous minerals and ash. Minerals are used according to the instructions, and ash - 100 g / m. sq. It also does not hurt to make potash supplements after flowering, so that the plant regains its strength.
It is not always necessary to hide daffodils for the winter. This is true when the landing was carried out closer to the end of September. The onion may simply not take root in such a short time and therefore it will simply die during the first, severe frosts or if there is no snow in the winter. In addition, it is worth mulching some varieties and hybrids of daffodils that are unstable to frost. Shelter make very simple. Place the planting sprinkled with dry foliage in a layer of 15-20 cm.
When to Trim Daffodils?
Whether or not daffodils need to be trimmed is a controversial issue. After the plant has faded, some gardeners cut flower stalks and leaves. Others do not subject bushes to such stress and wait until they dry up so that all the useful components for culture can concentrate in the bulbs. Then simply take out the bulbs from the ground, if required, or remove the dry foliage (it is easily cut off). It’s impossible to say for sure which option is correct - this is a matter of practice. After the gardener tries both options, he can choose the most optimal one for himself.
Why do not bloom daffodils?
The main reason for the lack of flowers in daffodils - a long development in the same place. If the bulb has not been transplanted for a long time, it is most likely overgrown with children, it is quite difficult for it to draw strength from the earth for itself, therefore there is no flowering. In this case, you just need to dig up the bulbs, divide and plant again.
It is also possible that the culture is not enough food. The land should be fertilized and well hydrated. Often the cause of the lack of flowers are pests, diseases. If the bulbs are sick, then they need to be treated with fungicides or insecticides, then, after recovery, they will again grow, and give flowers. However, in some cases, treatment does not help. If the bulb is severely affected, it is worth throwing it away, and it is better to burn it.
Photo of Terry Narcissus
Terry daffodils - features of care
I would like to say a few words about terry daffodils. The first feature - demanding to the ground. Best and more magnificently they grow on light, sandy ground. But on heavy soil they give scanty flowering - this should be taken into account when planting.
In addition, even though they are incredibly beautiful flowers, they suffer the most frost. It is recommended to plant them at the end of August or in the first days of September in order to take root! For the winter, terry daffodils are necessarily covered with fallen leaves, otherwise they may freeze!