Gherkins are valued worldwide for a pleasant taste. Typically, these cucumbers are grown for pickling or pickling, although you can also eat them fresh. This article will discuss the best varieties of cucumbers gherkins and their features.
What is a cucumber gherkin?
Gherkins spread throughout the world from France, where they were first received. In fact, these are small cucumbers, which are most often used for marinating, although they can also be eaten fresh. There are three kinds of small cucumbers.
Gherkins - cucumbers up to 9 cm.
Mini gherkins grow up to 7 cm.
Pikuli is the smallest species. Fruits do not exceed 5 cm.
In order to grow good gherkins, they must often be fed, monitored for the quality of irrigation, the land, and in the greenhouses it is also necessary to regularly check the air temperature. And only if you carry out the care correctly, you can enjoy the rich harvest of beautiful, small, green cucumbers.
Cucumber gherkin photo
Interesting! Gherkins are always dense and have no voids inside! This is the main reason why after pickling they become so crispy.
Many novice gardeners believe that any type of cucumber can be a gherkin - the main thing is to rip the green leaves from the whip while it is still small and close it into the jar, but in fact it is not. Gherkins differ from lettuce or simple pickled cucumbers in composition and structure. After marinating, they fully reveal the taste potential, become crispy, acquire a spicy flavor.
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The best varieties of gherkins have a lot of advantages. This may be the yield, taste, size or type of fruit, ease of care, ripening period or any other qualities. But the disadvantages of these varieties are very few.
The best varieties of cucumber photo
"Parisian Gherkin"leads the cucumber varieties gherkin in popularity. Maturation takes only 40-45 days. The variety needs pollination, grown in open and closed ground. The weight of cucumbers is 55-80 g, the length is up to 9 cm. It is easy to maintain, although additional fertilizing will not damage to improve the yield and taste. Water is usually watered in the second half of the day with water heated by the sun Yield per square meter of 3-4 kg.
"F1 advance payment"- an early form, yielding a harvest for 40-45 days, a universal type of cultivation. A lot of greens up to 130 g, length about 9 cm. Merits: yield, immunity to fungal diseases. About 13 kg are collected per square meter.
"Thumbelina F1"it is planted in any type of greenhouses or under the open sky when the earth warms up to +15 degrees. If the spring is cold, it is simply artificially heated. Over plantings, seedlings or sown seeds are always covered with foil for the first 7-14 days (sometimes you need to be ventilated). Fruiting is observed from 35-40 days after sprouting sprouts. Zelentsy by 9 cm, weighing 80-90 g. There is immunity to fungi and viruses, high humidity, but does not like drought.
"F1 harmonica player"- self-pollinated hybrid, universal type. It is grown by the seedling method. Ripening is observed from 40 days after the appearance of sprouts. Cucumbers weigh 120 g on average and are up to 13 cm long. It is demanding for irrigation, fertilizer and timely harvest.
Cucumber varieties of gherkins in this category also include: “Perfect Perfection”, “Marinade F1”, “Patti F1”, “Gerda F1” and “Kai F1”.
The most fruitful varieties of gherkins
Crop cucumbers are usually grown for sale or on an industrial scale.
"True perfection"- a tuft form, ripening for 35-40 days. Cucumbers are light green with whitish stripes, weighing 90 g and up to 9 cm long. Yield from a square up to 30 kg! Pros: can be broken at the pickle stage (4-5 cm), pronounced aroma, sweetish taste, resistant to diseases, weather changes. Disadvantages: they require proper shaping of the bush, can perespevat.
"Patti F1"does not need pollinators. It is grown not only in protected ground, but also on balconies. Maturation is observed from 40 days after sprouting sprouts. Buds are gathered in bunches. Zelentsy up to 10 cm, weighing about 75 g. The surface of cucumber is saturated green, with white downy, and thorny spines. Taste is pleasant, tender, crisp flesh. 24-35 kg of cucumbers are collected per square meter.
Cultivated varieties of cucumbers photo
Important! Gherkins more than all other types of this culture need potassium. Timely fertilization can significantly increase yields, especially when grown outdoors.
"Mels F1"grown in open ground and under cover. Maturation occurs on the 35th day after sprouting sprouts. Culture self-pollinated, bouquet blooming. At the time of budding about 6 ovaries appear in the node. Cucumbers up to 9 cm, elongated, tubercles covered with light down. Yield from bush to 200 gherkins! The main drawback is the demand for care. The taste is sweetish, not bitter. Regardless of the weather, it gives great yields. It has a stable immune system.
Among the crop varieties, among others, are the Champion, Merry F1 Company, Micron F1, Friendly Family, Advance F1.
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Varieties of gherkins for open ground can tolerate high or low humidity, prolonged exposure to sunlight, diseases, pests.
"F1 Moravian Gherkin"is considered the best hybrid of cucumber gherkins for cultivation under the open sky. It ripens in 40-45 days. The plants are tall, need pollination. They quickly take root, are easily grown and produce large yields. Cucumbers of a rich green color, elongated 8-9 cm, weighing 70-95 g. Main advantages: resistance to diseases, yield per square 6-7 kg.
"Son of the regiment"- a variety for novice gardeners. It is easy to grow, it is not picky in care. Bred by domestic scientists. Zelentsy up to 10 cm, but more often less, weight 75-100 g. Advantages: yield, immunity to powdery mildew.
"Novosibirsk F1 gherkin"- mid-season hybrid ripening for 50 days on average. The shrubs are medium grown and need to be pollinated. Cucumbers are cylindrical, up to 75 g, 8-10 cm. The peel is rich green, with pimples and black thorns. 5 kg of fruits can be collected from one square Dignity: gives stable yields even in bad weather, there is immunity to downy and true mealy dew. Disadvantages: greens can oversleep.
Also to the good varieties of cucumbers gherkins for open ground should be attributed "Champion" and "Madame."
Varieties of cucumbers gherkins for greenhouses
Greenhouse species of gherkins can grow in low light and high humidity. Some of them do not need pollination. However, they give greater yields than those that grow in the open field.
Cucumbers in the greenhouse photo
"Micron F1"- an early variety for greenhouses. The ripening period of the first cucumbers is 38 days. The shrubs are medium thick and branchy. It needs pollination. Elliptic fruits, weighing 60-80 g, up to 8 cm long, suitable for picking during the pickles period - when they reach 4-5 cm Peel in the pimple. Taste is excellent. Productivity from a square of 15 kg. Benefits also include fruiting throughout the summer, resistance to diseases, lack of tendency to overgrow.
Interesting! Mulch, namely straw, cucumbers in the greenhouse fit 2-3 weeks after planting seedlings.
"Sweet crunch" or "White crunch“as it is sometimes called, it has an unusual color and taste. The fruits are practically white, only slightly cast in a light green tone. Some people like them, others react skeptically to color, and still collect them is a pleasure, because on the bush like gherkins very rarely lost. Fruit weight is 65 g on average. It is grown in a place protected from drafts, in light ground and in good light. There is strong immunity to root rot.
"Brownie F1"it is self-pollinated, therefore it is ideal for cultivation under shelter. It is recommended to grow seedlings. Buds are collected in bunches, therefore, the Zelentsy themselves are often collected in bunches. 100-120 g. It is recommended to plant this hybrid only in neutral, drained soil, with a yield of 9 kg / sq. Taste is excellent.
In addition, experts recommend trying to grow under the shelter of such varieties of cucumber gherkin as "Courage F1" and "Friendly family."
The best varieties of mini gherkins
Mini gherkins do not exceed 7 cm in length. These are very beautiful, small cucumbers that are easy to maintain and grow.
"Children's F1"- a self-pollinated variety that can be grown in open and protected ground. Interestingly, during flowering the bushes are literally covered with buds - an incredible sight. Cucumbers weighing up to 70 g, about 7 cm. Thorns are white, green, thick, beautiful, salable. There is immunity to most diseases. The taste is gentle, without bitterness. 17 kg of fruits are collected from the square.
Sowing gherkin seeds photo
Interesting! If you need to plant cucumbers and tomatoes in one greenhouse, they should be separated by several rows of peppers or a thick film curtain.
"Phillip F1"- mid-season, ripens in 45-50 days. Shrubs need pollination. Cucumbers with large knolls and light spikes. The length of green leaves ready to gather is 3-5 cm. There is immunity to downy mildew and cucumber mosaic. Yield per square meter 10 kg
"Nastya F1"- self-pollinated hybrid. It is grown in open ground. The seedling or seed method can be used for planting - both are effective. Cucumbers 6-7 cm, weighing 80 g. It is immune to most diseases characteristic of melons. Yield 25 kg / sq. m.
"Moth F1"- sredneranny hybrid. Fruits from 50 days after the emergence of sprouts. Puff blooming. Cucumbers have a length of 6-7 cm, green, presentation. The taste is sweet, without bitterness.
Not to mention in this category of cucumber varieties of gherkins are such species as "Mikado F1", "F1 grounding spade", "F1 red mullet" and "Favorite F1 zyathek".