Gardening

Currant Variety Black Pearl

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Currant Black Pearls - a variety of domestic breeding. He was withdrawn in VNIIS behalf of I. Michurin. To obtain varieties were taken currants "Minai Shmyriev" and "Bredthorp". In 1992, the variety was created, listed in the State Register and began to spread throughout Asia and Europe. It is recommended for cultivation in the middle and northern regions of Russia, throughout the territory of Ukraine and Belarus.

Description of a grade of currant Black Pearls

Black Pearl - black currant medium ripening. Ripe berries are harvested from the first half of June. Bushes of medium height, sprawling. Pagon curved, cranked type. Foliage is light green, three-bladed. On the bushes it is not very much, so the sun can easily cover all the berries, even those that are located deep in the bush.

Currant Variety Black Pearl

Interesting! Due to the high level of pectins in the composition, the Black Pearl variety is recommended not only for fresh consumption, but also for medicinal purposes in case of disruption of the metabolic processes.

Fruit brushes 4-7 cm long. The berries are large, weighing 1.5 g. The shape is spherical. Color is rich black. The rind is firm, but chewed easily, glossy. The flesh is tender, juicy with large seeds. The taste is simple, no frills, more sour than sweet, the aroma is mild. Because of the taste, although the variety is universal, it is most often used for processing.

Characteristics of black currant Black Pearl

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Today, the Black Pearl currant variety is strongly opposed by competitors - more fruitful and sweet currant varieties. But if you look at the characteristics, you can see that he has many positive qualities, thanks to which he can be grown both for sale and for food.

  • Currant Black Pearls samoplodnaya.

  • The crop has an average ripening period. Berries ripen in unison, in several stages. From the second year after planting, up to 2 kg of crop can be removed from the bush!

  • The berries have a dry peel, so they are well stored and can be frozen.

  • Transportability is good. Berries can be transported over long and short distances without losing taste or commercial quality.

  • Frost resistance to -30 degrees Celsius.

Photo currant Black Pearl

Important! In order to get consistently high yields, currants should be grown in one place for no longer than 15 years, and then transplanted to another area.

  • Immunity is medium to viral and fungal diseases. Resistance is observed to anthracnose, and a tendency to powdery mildew and terryiness.

  • The tasting score is 4.2 points out of 5. The composition contains a lot of vitamin C - 137-180 mg / 100 g of berries. In comparison with other varieties, this is a very high figure. Dry substances up to 18%, sugars - 8%.

  • From a bush for a season collect up to 5 kg of berries.

Landing features

Black currant is planted in black pearls in autumn - September-October or in spring, before budding. Propagate the grade of layering, green and stiff cuttings. Seedlings should be healthy, strong, not lethargic. For breeding, you can take a cutting, young or old bush. Before planting, the plant is kept for 2-3 days in water diluted with growth stimulants. And then you can dip the root system in a clay talker for extra protection.

Planting currants photo

For planting, a pit of depth up to 50 cm is digging. The distance between the bushes is about 1.5-1.8 meters, because the Black Pearl currant is distinguished by spreading. In a simple garden soil mixed with a bucket of humus (2 buckets of soil) and up to 30 g of superphosphate. Seedlings are immersed in the pit, deepening the neck by 5 cm, and covered with this fertile soil.

Important! Mulch holds water in the ground and also prevents nutrients like nitrogen from eroding. But, besides, weeds grow less often under bushes with mulch.

After planting, the earth is watered with warm water and mulched with humus. The shoots are cut so that above the ground there are no more than 2 buds on each branch.

Care and harvest

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The Black Pearl Currant is distinguished by its large, beautiful berries. To collect them in abundance, it is important to carry out timely measures for the care of bushes.

Harvesting currant photo

  • Watering should be not frequent, but plentiful. Under the bush at a time poured about 2 buckets of water. Conduct watering once a week, no more.

  • Loosening of the earth is necessary for oxygen to penetrate into the soil, to the roots. Spend it is not very sharp hoes, not to damage the roots!

  • Mulching is necessary so that the bushes can be watered less often and to increase the nutritional value of the soil. Some gardeners do without mulching, so this is not a mandatory care item.

  • Removal of weeds is carried out as they grow. It is advisable to immediately rip them up by the roots, collect them and take them out for the plot, and when they are dry they burn them.

  • Top dressing with superphosphates, potassium chloride and nitrogenous substances, as well as organic fertilizers is carried out from the third year after planting. In the spring make urea or other nitrogenous substances according to the instructions. And in the fall, it will not hurt to add phosphorus and potassium to the soil by digging - it can be replaced with simple humus.

  • Treatment for pests and diseases is carried out as the problem appears. But if there is no desire to get acquainted with all the possible diseases of the culture, you can carry out preventive treatments with complex insecticides and fungicides 2 times a year.

  • Crop is done in late autumn. In the spring, after the frosts have passed, it does not hurt to inspect the bush for the presence of frozen twigs, which should be removed. Every year it is necessary to cut branches older than 3 years to rejuvenate the bush and prolong its fruiting.

After harvesting, you must begin to process or sell it. The Black Pearl currant lies not bad, but not for very long - it’s still a currant, not apples. In its fresh form it is used for healing purposes. The harvest can be frozen - in winter, delicious compotes, smoothies, pies are made from the berries. High quality is obtained from this sort of jam, jam, compotes and even juices, but only with the addition of sugar or other, more sweet berries (cherries, strawberries, grapes).

Black Currant Reviews

Currant Black Pearl pleases, and in some ways it saddens gardeners who grow it. It requires attention and the landing is important to carry out correctly, but in general the variety is worth the effort.

Currant photo

  • Elena Petrova: "Since I live in the northern region, I was looking for a suitable, frost-resistant currant variety for a long time. That was Black Pearl. It has been growing on the site for more than 3 years - the yield is excellent. Over the last year - 4 kg from a bush, and the previous one was 1.5 kg from the same bush. The taste is certainly not sweet, but suitable for jam. "

  • Diana Gold: "Black Pearl is suitable for sale and it bribed me when I bought a sapling. The berries are dry, the road is almost not wrinkled - no more than 20 berries from a bucket! Berries are sour, but I sell for canning, so they understand quickly."

  • Valery Potapenko: “For a very long time I grew Black Pearl variety. Then I planted another variety and discovered what real sweet currant is. Now I grow only 1 bush for Black Pearl for jam, the remaining 5 bushes on the plot are modern, sweet varieties for food and sales. "

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