Gardening

How to cover roses for the winter?

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Rose - the queen of flowers on the site. It will decorate with itself any flower bed, lawn, landscape corner, the main thing is to properly care for it so that the flowering is lush and the foliage does not lose color. Shelter roses for the winter - an important part of care, because if you do not, the bush may die during heavy frosts. How to hide roses for the winter can be found in this article.

What roses should cover for the winter?

Preparing roses for winter

Not all roses need winter shelter. There are varieties that can withstand even very strong cold without problems. Winter hardiness varieties - this is an indicator that will determine whether to cover the rose for the winter. Roses resistant to low temperatures are not very many, and yet they are.

Important! The issue of frost resistance varieties should be clarified in the rosary even during the purchase of a sapling!

What varieties are leading in terms of winter hardiness?

  • Most wild roses or species of roses withstand severe frosts. They grow up in many countries and cities as wild, you can not worry about their shelter and protection in the southern and middle regions. The varieties of roses "Nitida", "Wrinkled", "Glauka" can be attributed to good varieties.

  • Winter hardy varieties. These include: "Jens Munch", "Hunza", "Scabrosa", "John Davis", "Snow Pavement".

  • Hybrid roses usually tolerate cooling. These should include "Alba", "Rugoza", "Spinozissima".

  • Park roses: "Conrad Ferdinand Meyer", "Lavinia", "Ritausma", "Adelaide Hutles", "Pink Grothendorst" and some others.

All other species and varieties to cover for the winter is desirable, especially in cold climates. But it should also be borne in mind that mild winters, without sudden cold snaps, severe frosts, virtually any rose, even without frost, will survive without problems. Therefore, shelter is extremely rare in the southern regions.

Depending on the type of rose, the cover method may differ significantly. So first you need to determine which rose grows on the site, and then proceed directly to the procedure. The event is held in the middle lane no later than the 3rd decade of October. In the southern regions, you can postpone the procedure for November, but in the northern regions it is recommended to start until the end of September.

Shelter for park roses

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Most types of park roses are resistant to frost, but sometimes, in the coldest years, it does not hurt to be safe. So, how to cover the roses for the winter, if they belong to the park view? First you need to trim the bushes, remove the diseased and damaged pagons. Then, annual twigs are cut by 5-10 cm.

Park rose photo

Interesting! Autumn pruning helps roses move slowly to the resting stage, accumulate nutrients and increase resistance to fungal diseases.

For shelter, the ground is mulched with peat for 15–20 cm. The bushes themselves are covered on all sides, including from above, with spruce leaves, simply turning into agrofiber or sprinkled with peat. If there is an opportunity, they simply put a wooden frame around the bush, the boxes and over them cover them with boards, cardboard or film.

How to cover climbing roses for the winter?

Before you describe how to cover the roses for the winter, you need to mention that climbing roses require special treatment. Because of their pagons, which are tightly attached to any support, they are easily damaged, so it is recommended to carry out preparatory work before hiding.

Shelter roses for the winter photo

  1. Shoots pinch - it needs to be done until mid-autumn, so that the slices have time to drag on a bit.

  2. Pagons are carefully removed from the support and are folded one to one, you can also roll them up with a ringlet.

  3. Leaves, buds, and flowers that were not cut off earlier are removed from the bush.

  4. All wounds, edges trimmed with wood ash.

Interesting! When choosing a material for the shelter of roses, you should give preference to vapor-permeable. It will allow the plant to "breathe" and create the most favorable microclimate inside.

There are two methods of sheltering climbing roses for the winter.

  • The first option is quite simple - the base of the bush is covered with earth, then with pine needles with sand and fir branches. Then the whips are laid on top of this "pillow", covered themselves with fir-tree branches and the resulting slide is wrapped with a film. In the spring, the shelter is removed gradually to prevent sudden changes in temperature.

  • In the second case, it is necessary to twist the rose pagon with a cord. Those that do not twist, you can put on the frame, equipped on the ground (so that the pagons do not touch the ground). The harness fits over the weighed twigs. Then you need to equip the wooden frame above the laid rose and cover it with film on top. The film should cover the top, front and back wall, but not the sides. But as soon as the air temperature drops below -3 degrees, you can close the sides.

What is covering floribunda roses?

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Floribunda roses are usually well tolerated of winter, but for them shelter is a must care! To begin with, all the old leaves are removed, along with the remnants of the buds. Then pruning of the bush is carried out so that the ground part is no higher than 30 cm. All places of the cuts are covered with charcoal. The bottom of the bush is mulched with peat.

Pink Splendor Floribunda Roses Photo

If the winters are not cold, then you can do nothing more, if they promise strong frosts; a wooden frame covered with a film or simply covered with fir branches is made on top of the bush.

Shelter of standard roses

Many flower lovers ask how to cover the roses for the winter, if they are of the stem type, and whether it is necessary to carry out the procedure. In the case of standard roses, shelter is necessary, because most of these varieties are afraid of even the slightest frost!

Interesting! Unlike other species, standard cultures before the construction of a shelter almost do not cut, except that they remove diseased and broken shoots, as well as leaves.

In order to cover the young standard roses, they are simply bent, the stem is fixed on the ground with spiers or braces. At the root zone needles crumble, you can use spruce leaves or leaves. Spruce branches are placed under the crown, and the culture is wrapped on top of the film.

Photos shelter standard roses

A large standard plant cannot be bent without damaging it, so the frame is made around with a “tent” and covered with film. You can also simply wrap the crown with ruberoid or agrofibre. And inwardly to fill in needles, the lapnik is put under a bush.

How to shelter a shrub rose for the winter?

The first frost for a spray rose is a bit of a hardening, they are not terrible, but persistent cold can hurt. Before covering a rose for the winter, all thin shoots are cut off, as well as undigested branches, leaves and dry buds. The bushes themselves need to be cut to a height of 30-40 cm - the places of the cuts should be powdered with wood ash.

Shelter roses for the winter photo

Shelter is made of almost any material - the main thing is to get a kind of “hut” for the bush from above. Walls can be made from lapnik, laminated boards, frame and film. The soil under the bush is mulched.

Do I need to cover the ground cover roses?

Covering the soil varieties are those roses that usually do not cover for the winter, due to the fact that in winter they cover a thick layer of snow - an ideal insulator from the cold. However, if winter is predicted to be without snow or in an area where these flowers grow, snow is generally rare, shelter must be made.

Important! Do not cover roses when it rains or when it is warm. This can provoke decay.

Ground cover roses photo

So, how to cover the roses for the winter, creeping on the ground? For this, simple lapnik, peat or loose lutrasil are used. The bushes are densely covered with one of these materials in the fall before the permanent chills are established. This will be quite enough for plants. Before harboring the crop, it should be cut off (not much) and all leaves and wilted buds removed.

Expert advice

It is well tolerated by frosts, especially those roses, which are properly looked after. What advice do rose care specialists give before winter?

  • For the roses to easily endure the cold, you need to slow down their development before winter. To do this, the plant for the winter never water.

  • Untimely dressing can harm, therefore, they do not feed roses before winter! All fertilizers should be applied no later than early autumn or late summer (in the southern areas by mid-autumn). At this time, minerals such as phosphorus and potassium are introduced. You can use this composition - 10 g of potassium sulfate and 25 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water. Under the bush make no more than 4.5 liters.

  • Before hibernation, the rose is inspected; all the last, faded buds are cut from it.

  • If roses are often ill, it will not hurt at the end of September, before sheltering for the winter, to spray them with a 5% solution of iron sulphate and Fitosporin-M.

Important! Vypryanie bush is much more dangerous than freezing, so in the spring you can not pull with cleaning the winter shelter! In particular, if it was from a dense material or plastic film!

Rose Shelter Photos

In the spring the shelter is removed, the bush is untied, if it has been tied up, it is examined. If the stems are darkened, the ponds are slightly wet to the touch, then, most likely, they are frozen out, and the bush will have to be dug out. If the pagons are of normal color, not wet, without any problems, then you can scatter phosphate fertilizers on the ground, dig up the ground at the bush, and cover it on top of mulch from rotted manure or peat (which is near at hand).

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