Yielding and tasty, with a beautiful, not very thick bush - currant Gross is considered the favorite in the West Siberian, Ural and Volgo-Vyatka regions. It was bred in 1998 when the Bredstorp and Khludovskaya pollen crossed with the Krupnoy. This article is devoted to the description of this unique variety.
Description of a grade of currant Gross
Photo Blackcurrant Gross
Blackcurrant Gross - medium early variety, berries can be harvested 40 days after flowering. Bush medium height, not thick, but very spreading. The root system is well developed. In the old bush roots can reach up to 1.5 meters deep into the ground. The leaves are three-five-lobed, green, matte, medium size. The teeth are medium in size, with no clear tip. Flowers are large, shaped like a saucer. Sepals bright pink.
The brush is quite long, can reach 10 cm, medium friability. The berries are one-dimensional for the most part, round, weighing in the range of 1.4-3 g. The color is black, the peel is shiny. Taste is sweet-sour, pleasant, 4,3 points from 5 possible. Seeds are not very much. You can eat not only berries, but also leaves and twigs. As a rule, they go to the preparation of healing tea, tinctures, lotions due to the high content of useful, nutrients.
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Harvest of black currant Gross ripens early
Currant Gross is considered the best variety for the Urals and some other areas with similar climatic conditions. In detail, you can read about all the characteristics of the variety below.
Crop ripens early. Fruits up to 25 years, then the bush needs to be replaced.
The berries are not small, convenient for picking, packing, selling, processing.
Due to the dry separation of berries, they are characterized by high keeping quality.
Self-fertility gives certain advantages in terms of the location of bushes or the selection of neighboring varieties.
Short drought is not afraid.
Winter hardiness is high up to -35 degrees Celsius, which allows growing a variety even in regions with a predominantly cold climate.
Immunity is not bad. The variety is practically not sick, so the processing and spraying are carried out mostly preventive.
Important!Important! The older the currant bush, the lower its yield, so do not forget about the rejuvenating pruning of bushes.
The yield from a bush reaches 3.7 kg, from a hectare it is about 12 tons. Peak fruiting falls on 3-4 year after planting a bush. Most yield give 2-4-year shoots.
The taste is excellent, currants are considered universal consumption. Chemical composition: sugar 7.6%, titratable acidity 2.3%, vitamin C per 100 g of berries about 175 mg.
The main drawback that all gardeners note is the spreading of the bush. This should be considered when planting plants. As a rule, a distance of a meter or more is maintained between bushes of this variety so that the ponds of neighboring currants are not intertwined.
Planting and care for currants
Planting black currant photo
Currant Gross is unpretentious to the soil, so you can plant it in any soil, but before that it is desirable to fertilize it, so that the plant will stick faster. It is planted in a simple way into a prepared pit, if it is a bush or a row, if it is cuttings. After planting, the plants are watered and allowed to take root for a week. Now it remains only to properly care for currants.
Depending on the region, climate and summer, which can be quite unpredictable, you need to adjust the watering. In the general currant enough 3 irrigation for the entire growing season. The first is when the foliage develops, the second when the berries ripen and the third when the flower buds are laid. Every time up to 5 buckets of water are poured under the bush. If the summer is dry, watering can be frequent.
Interesting!Interesting! The land under the bushes of black currant variety Valovaya can be mulched with straw, sawdust, peat or something similar, then the moisture will not evaporate much, and the weeds will be small.
All weeds are pulled out as they grow, so that the diseases do not spread, and the earth is loosened, if not mulched, after each watering.
Annually - 1-2 times per season you need to carry out the shaping, sanitary pruning. The rejuvenating pruning is recommended for a bush only from the age of 3.
Top dressing bring 2 times in a season from 3 years after landing. To do this, use a solution of superphosphate and potassium sulfate - a tablespoon per 10 liters of water. The first feeding is needed during the appearance of the ovaries, and the second after harvesting. Fertilizers are applied to the furrows that are made at a distance of 10 cm from the base of the bush.
Spraying of pests and diseases is rarely required, usually gardeners use simple, popular substances for prophylactic treatment 2-3 times per season.
Propagated by dividing the bush, layering or cuttings.
For the winter, mulch currant bushes are mulched or covered only if the temperature can fall below -35 degrees Celsius.
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Black currant jam photo
Currant variety Gross enjoys great popularity. Of course, when compared with varieties that can only be grown in the south, this variety is inferior in sweetness and yield, but for the northern regions it is ideal.
Maxim Shapoval: “Gross currant like the whole family, although every season the wife and daughter complain that the crop is too much. But in winter, frozen berries quickly go to make pies or healthy drinks. This is a very good variety, I recommend!”.
Elena Koroza: "The winters in my region are harsh, but Gross is easily going through them all. For peace of mind, I’m mulching the root zone for 15-20 cm with sawdust before frosts. there is nothing to complain about. "
Andrey Lozovoy: “Though the bushes of this variety are very sprawling, they yield more than enough. I plant 1.5-2 meters apart from each other so that it is convenient to“ serve. ”Otherwise, the Black Currant is an unpretentious, simple variety for conservation or fresh consumption. "