Marble Pear is grown mostly in central Russia, Ukraine, as well as in countries with a mild climate. This is an early, autumn variety. It has a very delicate, sweet taste, a pleasant consistency of the pulp, for which gardeners and consumers like it. You can learn about the advantages and disadvantages of a variety, the characteristics of care from this article.
Description varieties of pear Marble
Pear Marble was bred in 1965 by Voronezh breeders. To obtain a new species were crossed pears "Forest Beauty" and "Bere". This is a dessert variety. The tree grows up to 3-4 meters. The crown has a pyramidal shape extended to the base. The bark is gray-green, the branches are massive, not a lot of shoots. Young twigs usually tend upwards and have brown bark.
The leaves are small, egg-shaped, smooth, but not glossy. Color light, dirty green. The tree blooms early, the inflorescences are small, each with 7-9 flowers of white color.
Pears are beautiful, medium size. Each weighing 140-180 g. Weight depends on the care, rationing of fruits, as well as weather conditions. Color yellow with green tint. The side is dark red, but this color is like marble, from which the name came. Under a peel small specks of red color are visible.Interesting! With proper care, the weight of the fruit will reach 200 g, but the average weight of pears from a tree is 150 g.
The rind is thick, but edible, easy to chew. The taste of pear is sweet, there is an abundance of juice. Aroma resistant, very pleasant. This is a dessert type, white-cream flesh. The seeds are brown, not many. Evaluation of taste - 4.8 points out of 5.
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The advantages of pear varieties Marble a lot. It is a good tree with tasty, juicy fruits, suitable for both fresh consumption and processing.
- Productivity with proper care up to 200 kg from an adult tree.
- Pleasant taste allows you to use the crop not only for processing, but also for fresh consumption.
- Transportable quality is not bad. The pear can be transported over long distances; it is not crumpled on the road, if packaged correctly.
- There is immunity to scab and some other diseases.
Lack of variety
Preparing pears for winter
Pear Marble has a number of disadvantages, because of which some gardeners do not like it.
- During a drought or strong wind, half of the fruit may fall off. For a variety, this is a typical problem and does not save even additional watering and feeding.
- Marble pear enters fructification only for 5-6 year after planting. Waiting for the long-awaited fruit takes a very long time, but then tasty fruits can be obtained in abundance.
- Winter hardiness is low. It is advisable to warm the tree for the winter, or at least its trunk, if it is already large.
- Not only the winter cold, but also returnable, spring frosts, culture is afraid. At this time, tree flowers are particularly vulnerable.
- It needs pollinators like “Oryol Beauty”, “Cathedral”, “Northerners”.
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Since the pear of this variety is grown mainly in the southern regions, it can be planted in the fall. But given that she endures winters badly, it is still better to give preference to spring planting. Landing time usually falls on May, when the earth warms up well. Seedlings choose 1-2-year-old, with a whole, developed root system, without damage.Important! The Pear Marble is best suited for growth in the southern regions. Landing in areas with cold winters usually does not lead to anything good.
Pits for planting are digging at least one meter deep, drainage is put on the bottom, then a layer (2/3 of the pit) of the nutrient soil. A sapling is placed on the ground, the roots are straightened and covered with earth (also nutrient, with the addition of fertilizers). It is important to follow up during sleep, so that the root neck is 4 cm above the ground. Now it remains only to water the culture (20-30 liters) and carry out peel mulching.
How to care for Marble pear?
Marble Pear Care
Marble pear care should be comprehensive.
- Watering is carried out so that the ground at the trunk is always a little wet. The rate of one irrigation - 50 l / sq. m
- Top dressing is necessary during flowering, at the end of June and after fruiting. You can use mineral complex fertilizers or organics. Not superfluous and spraying urea after one and a half weeks after flowering.
- Pear pruning is carried out in the spring, before the start of sap flow. It does not hurt to remove damaged and diseased pagons in the fall. All sections are treated with iron sulfate.
- In spring and autumn, it is desirable to whiten the stem of the pear in order to protect the crop from pests.
- In the autumn, before the onset of frosts, the basal zone is cleaned of garbage, fallen leaves, weeds, and then a layer of mulch is poured there. The barrel itself can be wrapped with burlap or similar fabric.
If the crop is grown in regions with cold winters, additional care should be taken.
- In the winter and in the spring, during frosts, it is important to shelter a tree. If it is not possible to completely cover it, you can insulate the trunk with insulating material and put a thick layer of mulch in the root zone.
- Watering in the spring, in the period of frost is strictly prohibited, so that the roots do not freeze.
- Landing should be with a low groundwater level. In addition, the site should be sunny, bright.
Collecting and processing fruits
Pear Fruit Collection
Harvest time usually falls on the first day of September. However, consumer maturity comes only 3 weeks after harvest. Therefore, most of the crop is harvested and put into a cellar or similar utility room for ripening. The shelf life of the harvested pears is 2-2.5 months without loss of product and taste. On the tree, you can leave some fruits for food, as they ripen fully and they are broken and eaten.
Use pear Marmara fresh and after processing. The variety is suitable for boiling, drying, freezing. It produces excellent jams, preserves and compotes.
Reviews of Marble Pear
Reviews of gardeners can reveal many new qualities about a particular culture. What is the impression of a pear variety Marble causing gardeners?
Lyudmila Lobacheva: “They complain a lot about the Marmara pear tree, but I think it all depends on the place of cultivation. I have never had problems with the growth and development of the tree, and I have never warmed it for the winter. I sell half the harvest, I make winter preservation from the second excellent grade. "
Oleg Sklipis: “I don’t really like the Marmara pear tree. It’s too capricious for conditions. It doesn’t grow well on clay soil, and this is what I have in my garden. I grow it only because of the taste of fruits. They are very sweet, like children.”
Vladislav Melnik: "I planted Marble pear 6 years ago, this year I first got a harvest worthy of attention. I had just enough for food, but all my relatives took the soul away! The taste is incredibly pleasant, the pulp is juicy, without tartness, bitterness is like nectar."