Coleus - varieties, care, breeding


Amazingly beautiful plant Coleus can be grown both in apartment conditions and in the backyard area. The main feature of the flower, for which it is valued - decorative leaves of variegated colors. Culture flowers are simple and do not represent much interest, although they can thin a very pleasant aroma.

Plant description


Coleus is the Latin name for the plant. In the people it is called simply nettle as a flower in its natural environment is a bit like nettle, but with bright leaves. It belongs to the genus of evergreen, perennial plants of the family Labiotus. His homeland is considered Africa and Asia. Flowers plain, simple, but it smells nice.

Interesting! On the island of Java, Coleus planted around the edge of the coffee plantations to protect the landings from wild boars.

The height of the culture may be different and depends on the type, variety, place of growth. It has a strong stalk, it is usually stiff at the base. Leaves - the main quality of the plant. They are heart-shaped, jagged at the edges. They are the most decorative, aesthetic part of the culture. Leaf color can be very diverse: burgundy, purple, red, yellow, brown, green, with spots or stripes. The color can be one or two, sometimes more.

Types and varieties of Coleus

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In their natural environment, scientists have counted more than 60 species of coleus. But only from one of them, namely Blume, all modern, cultural varieties were bred.

  • Coleus Renelta grows up to 50 cm in height. Suitable for cultivation as an ornamental, ampelous flower. The leaves are very bright, with an abundance of veins. Color from light green to red and violet tones.
  • Hybrid Coleus is usually grown in indoor conditions, as it needs a softer, constant microclimate without unexpected surprises such as belated frosts, cold snaps and other things. An adult plant can reach a height of one meter, but more often it is a compact bush with decorative leaves. The color of the leaves depends on the lighting. In the shade it is green, and in the sun it takes on a burgundy color.
  • The black dragon has grooved, slightly twisted leaves. The color is dark purple on the edge of the sheet, and inside the crimson-pink.
  • Wizard - Coleus with very interesting, yellow-gold leaves. Color saturation may be different, but the tide is always golden.
  • Wizard Evening Zorya has slightly twisted, bulging leaves at the edges. Color fiery red with edging green.
  • Wizard Jade - an incredibly beautiful variety of plants. The leaves in the middle are white, and the edges are bright green. In combination, these colors look amazing, especially in a flower bed.

How to care for Coleus at home?

Coleus care

After acquiring seeds or already grown plants, it is necessary to provide them with proper care at home.

  • Coleus - light-loving flower. It is planted in sunny areas where there is a small shadow at the hottest time of the day. In room conditions, you can put a flower on the east or west window and it is important to ensure that direct sunlight does not fall on the culture, as the leaves start to fade from them.
  • The room where the crop is grown should be warm, in the summer in flowerbeds, even in the hottest part of the day it will feel normal, but only if it is not forgotten to be watered. So the Coleus normally refers to the increase in temperatures, but not very sharply to a sharp decrease. Growth is slowed down when the temperature on the flowerbed drops to +15 degrees in the summer and to +10 in the case of indoor growing.
Important! Most diseases and growing problems, such as fading of leaves, their falling off, dying, occur when the florist retreats from the rules of care for Coleus!
  • Home care requires timely and proper watering, as this is practically the only important flower requirement. The earth should never dry out! It is difficult to give exact normalization, as in each individual case its own type of land, microclimate, weather, and the variety too. Conditions are different on the street and in the apartment, so you just need to check the ground from time to time. If dried up - watering.
  • Spraying is very useful for coleus. They are held in clean water in the evening, both at home and on the street.
  • Coleus - unpretentious plant. It is not necessary to feed it in a bed or in an apartment. But it cannot be said that it is directly harmful to the flower. If he leaves or began to lose color, if there is too much mineral, flower fertilizer or time - you can fertilize the culture and she will say thank you.
  • Coleus flower like pests such as: mite, whitefly, aphid. To combat them use acaricides (from ticks), insecticides and folk remedies.
  • Coleus is grown in the garden, usually as a one-year-old. But if you do not want to lose the flower with the onset of winter, it is dug out and put in a pot, and then brought into the house. At home, the flower in winter grows at a temperature of about +15 degrees with occasional watering, but with good lighting until spring.

Growing Coleus from Seed

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Coleus is propagated by two main methods - cuttings and seeds. The easiest way to breed - seeds. It is also the most accessible, since not everyone has access to the parent plant to cut the cuttings.

Seeds are sown in March. The method of surface sowing is used - the seeds are not buried, but simply pressed. At a temperature of + 20 ... +24 degrees Celsius, they quickly germinate in about 10-14 days. If seedlings are made, then the temperature of + 16 ... +18 degrees will be enough for it. But in the case of seedlings, the lighting is very important - it should be constant, warm, not very bright, without blackouts.

Important! If seed seedlings are in the penumbra or shade most of the day, it can grow poorly, stretch, be weak, frail, painful.

When a bright, decorative pattern appears on the leaflets, they can be seated in separate pots or along a section. After some time, when the bush is more than 4 cm in height, and side shoots from 3 to 4 cm, pinch the top and side shoots are at the right level for the grower (depending on the size of the plant). When new shoots appear, they are also pinched - in order to get a beautiful bush, and not a sprout with pagons of different lengths sticking out in all directions.

Reproduction by cuttings

When propagating by cuttings, a little more force is needed, although the method is just as effective - the main thing is that there should be an adult, healthy mother plant. Reproduction by cuttings carried out throughout the year. But for receiving a room flower usually use the period from August to the end of September.

A healthy shoot is cut, placed in water and waiting until roots appear on it. Then the cutting is planted in a separate pot or on a bed. The plant takes root pretty quickly, the main thing is that all the conditions are created for this - watering, heat, sunlight.

Coleus Transplant

Coleus transplant

Coleus is usually transplanted in the spring. During transplantation, you can not particularly think about the type of soil, as Coleus feels great in both sod or leafy soil, and in the garden. If the transplant is carried out in a pot, and not on a bed, but you need to pick up a larger size of 3-5 cm.

Plant the plant deeply - this allows the crop to grow additional roots and develop its root system. When transplanting, the stems and roots are pruned a bit to speed up survival in a new place. It is very important to sprinkle the cut areas with crushed charcoal.