Periwinkle pleases the eye with saturated color and an abundance of flowers. This is a very interesting garden plant, which is appreciated all over the world. It can preserve the freshness of foliage and flowers for up to 20 days, which is the reason for its use in decorating rooms, making flower bouquets, wreaths. About the types and planting flowers periwinkle will be discussed below in the article.
Type of flower Periwinkle
The flower of periwinkle belongs to the genus of evergreen, shrub vines and herbaceous plants. Belongs to the Kutrov family. His homeland is considered to be Africa and Europe. Foliage is thick, green, shades depend on the variety and type. The leaves on the stalks grow opposite each other. Some varieties have leaves with specks or cream trim on the edge.Interesting! This is a very vivacious plant. If the periwinkle flowers are cut and put in a vase of water, they will live as long as there is water in the container.
Flowers are always single, large funnel-shaped with a cylindrical tube. The most common color is blue, but there are varieties of different colors, from white to lilac. Abundant flowering occurs in different periods of spring, but when most of the flowers fade, the plant does not stop developing, foliage and stems develop, and some buds may appear until mid-summer. Fruits leaflets in the form of a cylinder.
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Types and varieties of Vinca
In the natural environment there are more than 12 species of periwinkles. Scientists distinguish 5 species of this plant.
- Great periwinkle - one of the most famous species. Differs unpretentiousness and rapid growth. It grows up to 0.5 meters in height. Natural environment northern Africa, Asia Minor and southern Europe. Leaves up to 5 cm thick, leathery. The flowers are light blue, up to 5 cm in diameter. Flowering from late May or early June. There are varieties with yellow and white flowers. For the winter, it is recommended to cover it with spruce leaves or something similar. From the popular varieties stand out "Reticulata" and "Variegata".
- Periwinkle - Another popular look. It is frost resistant, nekaprizen, growing rapidly. Homeland is Asia Minor and Europe. The leaves are oblong, dense, dark green, do not die off even in winter. It blooms from May to June. The flowers are single sky-colored with a diameter of up to 5 cm. The most common varieties are: "Emily", "Argenteo-variegata", "Bowles' Variety".
- Periwinkle pubescent It has the largest distribution area in the Western Caucasus. It grows mainly in coastal forests. It blooms in early summer throughout the month. Shoots are straight, grow above the ground. Flowers of a blue shade, with a diameter of 3 cm. The main feature - the plant loses foliage in the fall, and needs shelter in the winter.
- Periwinkle herbaceous grows in the Crimean peninsula, in the Carpathians, the Caucasus and partly in Western Europe. Stems meter, creeping with small leathery leaves of dark green color. Bloom annual, monthly, flowers are small, lilac-bluish. Does not like an abundance of moisture.
- Vinca difformis - evergreen, climbing plant growing up to 2 meters in length. Distributed in North Africa, Southern Europe. It grows in shady areas. The leaves are shiny, short-legged, egg-shaped, 2.5-7 cm long. Flowers with 5 petals, slightly asymmetrical, light blue in color (rarely white). It blooms from February to May.
How to propagate periwinkle?
How to grow the flower of periwinkle? The fact that this beautiful plant is said by many, but how to reproduce this beauty?
- The first option is to buy and sow seeds. This is done in early spring, when the temperature rises to +10 degrees so that the seeds do not freeze out. Of course, during the sowing season the land should be warm enough. However, germination may be low if the seeds are bad, the weather is inclement, or there is insufficient nutrients in the soil.
- Seeds can be sown not only in open ground, but also in large boxes for receiving seedlings. But this is a very long process, in which there is no point if there is a plot where you can immediately plant or sow a crop.
- The third option gives higher guarantees. For breeding in this case use overgrown lashes. They dig them up, divide them with scissors into pieces and seat them in the right places. This method is popular when selling seedlings. If the plant is grown for sale, such "cuttings" are simply planted in separate cups, and not in open ground, they later take root and sell them.
- If you need to plant a plant near the mother, you can simply take the pagon and bend it to the ground in the right place (without cutting off), then soon it will take root. This method is usually used if the plant grows in the wrong direction.
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Unlike many cover plants, periwinkle is picky in terms of growing. It can grow in a sunny or shady place, and even the winter cold does not frighten him. If you scrape the snow in the winter on the site where the plant grows, you can see its greenery. So periwinkle - resistant culture, but how to plant it?
The first thing to decide is the place and there are usually no special problems. The plant grows well in the shade and in the sun, as indicated above. Often it is used to "camouflage" unfavorable areas of the garden, covering the ground between other flowers and plants in a flower bed, among trees and shrubs. Any land is suitable, but growth slows down in heavy ground and this should be taken into account.
Planting itself consists in preparing the soil (loosening the soil, clearing it from weeds, moistening), sowing seeds or individual shoots and compacting them with soil. After all this, you need to leave the plant for growth and rooting, and only when it will be seen that the culture has gone to growth, you need to start caring for it.
How to care for Vinca at home
Periwinkle at home
The periwinkle flower requires almost no care, therefore it grows in the wild without human intervention. But if he is planted in a certain territory (garden, flower bed, vegetable garden, personal plot), he should be looked after so that he has a rich color of leaves and flowers and grows only in the territory allocated to him.
- Watering is possible. In the wild, this plant has enough rains, and when it is grown on the backyard territory, you can water it about 2 times a week. If, however, watering is increased, the plant will grow faster, and the flowers will become much more luxuriant and brighter.
- Care in the home does not imply supplements. The fact is that the beauty of the plant is in flowers, but if it is fed it will grow greens, not bloom. Therefore, nutrients from the ground will be sufficient, especially since some substances will still fall on it when fertilizing nearby crops.
- If weeds appear among the periwinkle "carpet", they should be removed, but carefully so as not to wrest this flower with them. Although usually weeds with periwinkle do not grow, since the latter densely "fills" the earth.
- Loosening is not carried out, since it is simply not how to hold it (periwinkle flower twines around the earth).
- With the growth of periwinkle, you need to control its growth. All the extra shoots that grow in the wrong direction, you need to either redirect or cut.
- Flowering occurs in mid-May. After him, the stems (with faded flowers) need to be cut, and if you need to carry out cuttings (for reproduction).
- Of the pests, this plant visits except aphid, all other insects bypass it. For aphids can help simple folk remedy - an infusion of laundry soap. As for diseases, they are not inherent in culture.
The value and use of the plant
Application of periwinkle
Periwinkle is unusual in that it evokes rather contradictory emotions. For a long time this flower was called the “burial ground”, “the devil's eye”, “witchcraft violet”, “coffin-grass”, but at the same time it is considered valuable as a healing and ornamental plant.
- According to one of the legends, the periwinkle flower, envying the beauty of the violet, complained about its dire fate Flora. She decided to take pity on him and gave him more flowers and a longer flowering period, so that people would not avoid him.
- The Celts considered the "witch violet" a protective amulet. They wove him into clothes, wreaths, hair as a sign of loyalty and conjugal loyalty.
- In ancient times, it was believed that this flower can "collect" and destroy evil. He was hung over the front door, so that guests would come into the house "cleansed" from evil and envy.
- In modern medicine and pharmacology it is a very valuable plant. Preparations made with it are often used in the treatment of oncology, diseases of the nerves and the psyche.
Often used periwinkle and landscape designers to decorate homestead territory, flower beds, rose gardens and other similar places. The advantage of the plant is that it looks good not only on horizontal surfaces, but also on vertical ones - supports, suspended pots.