Simple care at home, reproduction and abundant blooms made the awl-shaped phlox a popular type of flower crops. The plant grows into significant areas set aside for him, and blooms interesting small buds, the color of which depends on the variety. Flowering lasts about a month, but under favorable conditions, it can be extended.
Botanical description of the plant
Phlox plant styloid
North America - the birthplace of perennial styloid phlox. Americans call it "moss stud". In the XVIII century, the flower was introduced to Europe. This plant has a creeping stem (lying). Plant height above ground level - 15-20 cm on average. On the stalks there are small (2 cm) awl-shaped leaves, from which its European name came. At the end of each stalk there is a flower stalk that can include 1-2 or more flowers.
The buds are small, 2-2.5 cm, but since the plant has a lot of stalks, many flowers, respectively, so in the areas during flowering, the culture resembles a motley carpet. The color of flowers is different - depending on the variety. The most popular varieties are purple, blue, purple or violet flowers. Petals often monophonic, but some varieties have touches, stripes on them. Possible and bright eye inside on the basis of the petal. Flowering lasts about a month, but with proper care it can be extended. Some varieties bloom twice, but autumn budding is not so lush.
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Types of phlox styloid
Selection of varieties of phylox styloid are mainly for the most part in Europe, America and Japan.
- "Atropurpurea"- star-shaped with pink-crimson flowers, very bright. Height up to 15 cm. It is one of the oldest varieties.
- "Candy stipes"has white buds with a diameter up to 1.9 cm. In the middle of each petal there is a pale pink band.
- "Sprite"- stellate phlox awl-shaped with dark crimson flowers.
- " F. Wilson"- stellate phlox awl-shaped with lavender-blue flowers. Flowers 1.8 cm wide, stems 20 cm tall. This is one of the most vigorous species.
- "Maischnee"- a variety with white buds. Derninka dense, tough. Plant height 15 cm.
How does the styloid phlox breed?
Propagation of phlox of styloid
Reproduction is carried out by one of three methods: seed, dividing the bush and cuttings.
- Plant seeds can be found in any flower shop that specializes in selling seeds and seedlings of cultural flowers. After the acquisition, they must be sown in the ground and tackle on top of the soil. After a few days you can see the first shoots.
- Rhizoma division is carried out after flowering and until mid-autumn. To do this, the maternal shrub is dug out, and then it is divided (the roots are cut) so that each plant has its own roots and several ground stalks. Such reproduction can be carried out once every 2 years.
- Apical grafting is more troublesome, but effective. To do this, cut several cuttings of the mother plant, and planted in pots. They must root at room temperature. After that (in 15-25 days), young, rooted plants can be transplanted in open ground to a permanent place.
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Any ground cover crops prefer sunny areas. Phlox styloid also does not interfere with the abundance of light and heat. The best precursors are marigolds, lawn herbs, calendula or vegetable crops that scare nematodes. The time of planting or transplanting usually does not matter much - the main thing is not the flowering period. In spring, summer or autumn - the plant takes root well, the main thing is to plant it properly and provide good care at home.
If seeds are used for planting, it is necessary to prepare the plot, loosen it well, fertilize it, then sow the seeds (randomly or in a row) and sprinkle it with a thin layer of soil. Land for sowing seeds should be wet, but not swampy!Important! Immediately after planting, the plant is darkened and watered, regardless of the method of reproduction and planting!
In the case of dividing the bush (roots), each seedling should be about 2 stalks. Young bushes are planted in the loosened land (fertile) at a distance of 30 cm from each other. After 1-2 years, they will braid the entire area set aside for them, and will bloom profusely from year to year.
How to care for phlox at home?
The awl-shaped phlox is undemanding to care, and it is easy to grow it, even for a beginner. But in order to get a lush color from a culture, it is worth adhering to certain norms.
- The land should be nourishing and drained. The latter is provided before landing. If the ground is heavy, it must be mixed with sand or something similar.
- In the spring, after the plants begin to move away from winter, they are watered with a weak solution of humus. It stimulates the beginning of flowering and the development of the root system.
- Weeding is needed at first, while the plant is only developing and has not yet "flooded" the plot, since then it will be impossible to carry it out. During weeding, weeds are also removed.
- Watering needs timely, moderate, not very frequent. Only in a drought, it is carried out as often as possible - the main thing is that the soil does not dry out and not be crusted (cracked).
- Phloxes grow chaotically, therefore, if a clearly delineated area is set aside for their growth, it is necessary to carry out competent care at home. So, as the plant grows, the stems are folded in the right direction, and those that do not go where they should be cut off.
- Top dressing is needed in the middle of summer. Complex mineral substances are used (with an abundance of nitrogen and potassium), if you want to use organic matter, you can take an infusion of wood ash.
- To cause re-flowering and improve the appearance of the flower "cover", you need to cut the flower stalks after they dry. This gives no guarantees, but stimulates the plant to another flowering and an increase in the amount of green mass.
- For the winter, if a significant drop in temperature is expected, the styloid phlox is covered with mulch.
Possible diseases and pests
Wrong conditions, lack of moisture or its abundance, unfavorable "neighbors", poor land lead to the appearance of pests and diseases. In the case of styloid phlox, only powdery mildew and spider mites cause serious problems.
- Mealy dew affects primarily the leaves of the plant. Phlox slows growth, loses its decorative effect, reduces the quantity and quality of flowers, and as a result slowly and gradually dies off. The first thing to do is to remove the top layer of the earth, remove all diseased plants, and treat all others with fungicides like: Fitosporin-M, Vectra, Topaz, Chistotsvet.
- Spider mite leads to a change in the color of the leaves. They begin to appear spots, and then they dry up, of course, over time, this leads to the death of the whole flower. To save the plant, you first need to increase the humidity - frequent irrigation, irrigation. Spraying with a systemic insecticide ("Aktellik", "Nissoran", "Skelta", etc.) will not interfere either.
The styloid phlox is a very beautiful, ornamental plant. It can be a wonderful decoration of the garden plot, garden, flower beds. After all, delicate buds and excellent color over a long period of flowering are pleasing to the eye and uplifting.