Beekeeping

The content of guinea fowls at home

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Guinea fowl - surprisingly beautiful and interesting poultry. It is also called "royal" or "pearl chicken". Such names are associated with the beauty of the feathered, her royal posture, proud gait. And although it may seem that the "royal bird" needs royal conditions, but in fact the content of guinea fowls at home is rarely difficult.

The advantages of guinea fowl as poultry

Guinea fowl

Guinea fowl on the farmstead bred since the times of ancient Egypt. However, then they had a slightly different purpose. The beauty of the bird has earned it a noble birth, therefore not only the Egyptians, but also people of ancient times considered guinea fowls sacred.

In the XIV century, they were introduced (as poultry) to the European continent, but did not receive much distribution. But in the XVIII century, the unique taste of poultry meat was evaluated by royals and they began to actively breed it in order to produce meat in Portugal, England and all its colonies. Today, the bird has become very common not only in Europe, but also in America, Australia and, of course, in Eastern Europe and Asia. But what is the secret of its popularity?

  1. The content of guinea fowls at home, as a rule, no more than the content of chickens. According to the needs of these species are very similar. Moreover, guinea fowls are characterized by unpretentiousness and can multiply even in cold climates.
  2. Guinea fowl eggs are delicious, sweetish! But, in addition, they are much more useful chicken, and stored even longer quail - up to six months. During the season, one female gives up to 150 eggs with good care.
  3. The meat is very tasty, although darker than chicken. It is very useful, contains a lot of protein.
  4. Breeding guinea fowls can be a profitable business, if properly set up, as eggs, meat and young birds of this bird are highly valued.

Building a house

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Aviary for guinea fowl

Some breeders treat guinea fowls as hens with better meat quality. But these birds are very different in appearance, although the content of guinea fowls and chickens is really similar. The house for the guinea fowl should be comfortable, spacious and have everything necessary for the normal functioning of the bird.

  1. The size of the room depends on the size of the flock and the future aspirations of the breeders. If the number of birds grows, then there should be a lot of space, if a small herd is supported (one number), then a small but roomy shed can be built. 2-3 birds live on one square meter.
  2. For the convenience of organizing the economy, the placement of adult birds, young and newborn individuals, it is necessary to divide the room into sections. The separation takes place with the help of simple plywood or a chain-link mesh - the main thing is that the birds cannot reach each other. For each new generation, a separate compartment is needed, as guinea fowls do not like novices in their herd.
  3. To maintain egg-laying from March to mid-autumn, the house should be no lower than +18 degrees! Guinea fowls very calmly endure the cold, so the house can be not very warm, but if the breeder wants to get meat from the bird all year round, and not only during the warm period, then you should take care of the warming or heating. Since, yes, the guinea fowl will survive in the cold, but at the same time it becomes more rigid meat, and she does not bear eggs at all in winter.
  4. Lighting is a must for any living thing. In the house you need to make the windows (it is possible in the ceiling so that the birds do not break into the glass) or in the walls. And also require artificial lighting. But the bulbs are not bright, so as not to frighten the birds. Regular egg-laying and well-being are inherent in guinea fowls that live at a 14-16-hour daylight level, although in winter it is enough for 8 hours.
  5. The content of guinea fowls implies the presence of everything necessary in the house - a trough with food, water, crushed shell, perches (at a height of at least 50 cm from the floor) where they will sleep. But the nests do not have to, as the guinea fowl rush where it is convenient for them. It can be absolutely any place, but, as a rule, secluded.
  6. Dampness for guinea fowl, as well as cold, is not critical, but again, in the dampness, it loses its attractive qualities from the point of breeding. Therefore, it is advisable to make the house so that it would be nice to be there - neither damp, nor cold, fresh (no staple), clean and comfortable. Excluded and sources of drafts.
  7. The floor is warm. This means that you need to either buy a bio-dresser with bacteria, or make a deep litter (15-30 cm thick). The floor itself in the house is desirable to lift above the ground by 15-20 cm.

Important! Guinea fowls get along with chickens, ducks and other types of poultry, but only on condition that such a neighborhood was organized initially, from a young age, and not when the guinea fowl has already grown.

  1. To maintain egg-laying from March to mid-autumn, the house should be no lower than +18 degrees! Guinea fowls very calmly endure the cold, so the house can be not very warm, but if the breeder wants to get meat from the bird all year round, and not only during the warm period, then you should take care of the warming or heating. Since, yes, the guinea fowl will survive in the cold, but at the same time it becomes more rigid meat, and she does not bear eggs at all in winter.
  2. Lighting is a must for any living thing. In the house you need to make the windows (it is possible in the ceiling so that the birds do not break into the glass) or in the walls. And also require artificial lighting. But the bulbs are not bright, so as not to frighten the birds. Regular egg-laying and well-being are inherent in guinea fowls that live at a 14-16-hour daylight level, although in winter it is enough for 8 hours.
  3. The content of guinea fowls implies the presence of everything necessary in the house - a trough with food, water, crushed shell, perches (at a height of at least 50 cm from the floor) where they will sleep. But the nests do not have to, as the guinea fowl rush where it is convenient for them. It can be absolutely any place, but, as a rule, secluded.
  4. Dampness for guinea fowl, as well as cold, is not critical, but again, in the dampness, it loses its attractive qualities from the point of breeding. Therefore, it is advisable to make the house so that it would be nice to be there - neither damp, nor cold, fresh (no staple), clean and comfortable. Excluded and sources of drafts.
  5. The floor is warm. This means that you need to either buy a bio-dresser with bacteria, or make a deep litter (15-30 cm thick). The floor itself in the house is desirable to lift above the ground by 15-20 cm.
Important! Guinea fowls do not rush in nests, but they usually find one secluded corner where they lay eggs. When such a place is found, it is necessary to take not all the eggs from there, but leave 1-2 pieces, then the guinea fowl will definitely return and lay the eggs again, this will simplify the search for egg-laying.

How to organize walking?

Territory for walking guinea fowl

Keeping the guinea fowl at home will not bring difficulties if properly organized. For example, the neglect of walking for birds can go sideways breeder. Guinea fowls value freedom and love to walk in the open. Walking for them is no less important than fresh food!

A rather large area is allocated for walking (although the area depends on the number of birds), the main thing is that they do not jostle, but run freely. Suitable territory fenced net-rabitsy. Height ideally 1.5-2 meters, as it is a flying poultry. The roof on the hill is not needed, but the canopy does not hurt, especially in the rain or strong sun. Also on the walk is a trough for food and water.

Important! The main disadvantage of guinea fowls is that they are very noisy, even in comparison with the nervous, and therefore noisy, breeds of chickens or geese. With a cry, they respond to any stress: strange sounds, unfamiliar voice, people, animals. Therefore, it is problematic to plant them in a small area where there are many neighbors or near the carriageway.

To guinea fowl was interesting to walk, in the paddock for walking you can plant bushes and weed, as a treat. If there are many guinea fowls and they are divided into groups in the house (by separate "rooms"), then dividing fences are made on the walk.

Breeding guinea fowl

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Mottled gray guinea fowl

Guinea Fowl - bad moms. They do not hatch eggs. There are only some breeds that can sit on eggs and even the breeders often complain about them. So if you want to breed guinea fowl, you need to purchase an incubator and brooder.

Interesting! Despite the fact that guinea fowls do not hatch eggs at home, there are usually no problems with breeding poultry. With the help of an incubator and minimal care for the young, you can get a new, full herd.

Removal in the incubator should be carried out under strict control. And after the guinea fowls hatch, they are moved into a brooder. The content of guinea fowl in a brooder involves the observance of certain rules.

  • Density - 15 goals per square meter.
  • The temperature is initially maintained at 28 degrees. From the second week they begin to reduce it by one degree every day until it reaches the normal temperature of the external environment.
  • A light day to a month of life should be 20 hours, and from 5 weeks it drops to 16 hours.
  • Guinea fowl start walking on a walk from 40 days, not earlier.

Important! Adult guinea fowls are wary and sometimes aggressive to new individuals in their flock, therefore it is recommended to breed them separately, without mixing birds of different ages into a single flock.

Care for guinea fowls at home

Guinea fowl chickens

Guinea fowls are unpretentious and quickly get used to any conditions of detention. They are not afraid of climate change or breeding in an unfavorable zone. As for the care, there are a few mandatory and a few minor points that should be followed as far as possible.

  • The content of guinea fowls at home involves, above all, timely feeding. Water should be in the house and always on the run. At the same time it changes as pollution.
  • Despite the long-time taming of guinea fowls, they still retain their ability to fly, and they do it just fine. Therefore, they need to cut the wings, otherwise during the free-range they will fly away and walk around the neighboring areas, roads, and even the fence will be useless in this case.
  • Guinea fowls have a very good immune system. They are very strong, persistent, not subject to many typical avian diseases that sick chickens, geese, ducks and other feathered animals. Therefore, vaccination, any preventive examinations, visits to the vet are minimized, as well as spending on them. But in case of any suspicion of the disease, it is not worth delaying the visit of the veterinarian.
  • Cleaning is done daily! If the breeder wants to get from his bird a lot of meat, eggs, young stock, then you need to be ready for the daily routine work. This applies to the change of underclothes (about once a month), cleaning of drinking bowls, feeders. When contaminated perches need to be cleaned, the same applies to the windows and the rest of the utensils, which may be in the house and aviary.

How to feed guinea fowl?

Feeding guinea fowl

Guinea fowls are usually fed the same feed as chickens. Enters a usual diet: grain, compound feed, vegetables (cabbage, carrot, vegetable marrows, pumpkin, boiled potatoes), greens, a silo, insects, additives like premixes, meat and bone meal. Feed consumption in the case of guinea fowls is quite large. One kilogram of weight gain requires up to 4 kg of feed. The daily rate of food is divided by 2-4 times, depending on the season. In the morning and in the afternoon they give more vegetables, fresh mixers, and for the night grain and mixed fodder. The latter are digested slowly, and therefore until the morning the guinea fowls do not have time to get hungry.

Important! The content of guinea fowls without knowledge of the characteristics of the birds may not be beneficial. So. For example, in a separate tank for the hens, there should always be a crushed shell with chalk, and the feed itself should be enriched with calcium. This is due to the fact that the shells of guinea fowl eggs are very durable and a lot of calcium from the body of the bird leaves on its formation. If the calcium is low, then the eggs will be small.

As you can see, the diet is quite simple, but there is one big nuance. If chickens or geese, when they strongly want to eat, can eat spoiled food, then guinea fowls never do this! They are very picky in terms of food quality, and will not eat scraps that smell bad, rotten or moldy. So, willy-nilly, you have to monitor the quality of the food being fed, its replacement, as well as the cleanliness of the feeders and drinkers.

The diet of young stock is almost the same as in chickens. In the first week they are fed boiled, chopped egg, crushed wheat (first steamed), bran. Cottage cheese won't hurt either. From the third day, chopped greens are introduced (nettle, alfalfa, clover). In the first weeks of life, small guinea fowls will find it difficult to eat dry food, they can choke, so they are given a wet one, but over time they begin to feed dry cereal mixtures.

In general, the content of guinea fowls in the home almost does not cause difficulties, if you properly approach their maintenance, care feeding and not be lazy. With due effort and material investment, you can set up a very profitable business in the Guinea fowls, which will pay back costs 2-3 or even more times.

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