Fertilizers contain the useful substances necessary for normal growth, development and formation of a harvest of any plant. Currant is a valuable garden crop. Its berries are useful, and are very expensive, so it is not surprising that in almost every garden, garden or backyard you can see one or another variety of currants. But to achieve abundant fruiting and excellent taste is possible only by timely fertilizing the bushes. How to feed a currant depending on the season will be described below in the article.
Why feed currants?
Not every gardener thinks about feeding currant bushes. As a rule, it is the gardeners who grow berries for sale that regularly feed the plants throughout the year. But why? Because the plant weakens over time. In appearance, this is not always noticeable. Bushes continue to grow, blossom, bear fruit, but not so abundantly, the development is slow, the size of the berries and their taste leave much to be desired. All these are signs that the bush needs support - useful elements derived from fertilizers.
If the plant is grown for personal use, it does not need a lot of supplements. But if the gardener needs a regular, maximum yield, then you should not skimp on top dressing. What gives the bush regular feeding?
- Active growth and development.
- Abundance of foliage.
- Early ripening berries.
- Regular fruiting.
- Fine tastes of a currant, the vitaminized structure.
As can be seen, fertilizing currants is beneficial for many reasons. So if opportunities allow, it is worth spending a little time to care for a bush. But in order to feed the benefit, you need to know how to feed the currants in one or another period of its development.
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Currant bushes in spring
Spring - the period of growth and development of plants. At this time, the currant spends a lot of effort on gardening, the formation of colors, new pagon, even more branching of the root system. Fertilizing currants in the spring can be immediately after the snow melted. Nitrogen is the main element consumed by the plant at this time, so all spring dressings of currants have a lot of nitrogen in their composition, regardless of whether they are organic or mineral.
- Dry (not diluted) urea is scattered around the bush and sealed with a rake, hoe or shovel into the ground. For the bushes from 2 to 4 years old, 50 g of fertilizer are needed (at a time), for currants over 4 years old, take no more than 25 g of urea.
Interesting! The older the currant, the less nitrogen it consumes. This is due to the fact that by 4 years the bush reaches normal size and spends less effort on development.
- If for any reason the gardener does not want to make dry urea, you can prepare a solution. 10 liters of water is taken a tablespoon of urea. Before feeding the currants, you need to make sure that the fertilizer is dissolved. Then it is used for watering. 10 liters of fertilizer are taken on a bush.
- 10-1 liters of water take 1-1.5 matchbox of ammonium nitrate and mix well. Then the solution is poured into a watering can with a strainer and watered the whole bush. Fertilizer should fall not only on the ground, but also on each twig!
- Organic matter can be used instead of minerals. A large amount of nitrogen required for the spring period is contained in wood ash. 1 faceted glass is taken on a bush. It is scattered at the base of the currant and mixed with the ground with a hoe or rake.
Interesting! In the spring, during the flowering period of the shrub, it can not be fertilized. In any case, foliar feedings are completely excluded. The fact is that droplets of fertilizer trapped on flowers are collected by bees and other pollinators that can die from them.
Another folk remedy - potato peel. Per liter jar cleanings take 2 liters of boiling water. The mixture should be infused for 2 hours under the lid. It is not necessary to pass it through a sieve after that, you just need to pour everything under the bush, along with the cleanings (they rot). On one bush you need up to 3 liters of this tool.
Summer dressing currants
Red currant bush
In summer, the bush spends a lot of effort on the formation of berries, their development. If the nutrients of the bush will be lacking, the quality of ripe berries will be low. They can be sour, bitter, watery, dry, small, etc. But how to feed the currants in the spring? During this period, the balance of potassium and phosphorus must be observed. Nitrogen is needed less than in spring, but it cannot be completely excluded either!
- A 10-liter bucket is taken liter can of mullein. After the fertilizer dissolves, it is poured over the ground at the bushes. One such bucket is enough for a square meter.
Interesting! Fertilizing fertilizer currant in the summer can be until the berries are formed. A week before their full maturity, it is necessary to completely stop any feeding, even organic!
- In the summer to saturate the bushes with potassium, you need to grind the peeling potatoes (one-liter jar) and the banana peel (5-6 pieces) and prikopat under the bush.
- 4 kg of humus, 10 g of potassium sulfate and 40 g of superphosphate can be used to reinforce the bush during the formation of berries. This is a universal fertilizer that does not hurt in the fall.
- Summer foliar dressing is carried out before the berries begin to acquire their natural color. On a bucket of water you need 2 g of boric acid, 5 g of manganese potassium and 10 g of copper sulfate. Spraying is carried out in calm weather. This mixture feeds the bush with useful substances and can protect it from certain diseases and pests.
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Currant bush in autumn
In the autumn currant weakened after fruiting. The most important thing for her is to recover before frost, in order to be able to survive the winter, because a weakened bush is less resistant to frost. How to feed the currants in the fall? Restoring the bush is mostly due to potassium and phosphorus. Nitrogen is also important, but in small quantities.
- 5 kg of compost, a tablespoon of potassium sulfate, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate interfere in a large trough or bucket, and then unfold under a bush. To make the fertilizer effect more active, it is worth digging the ground under the bush along with the fertilizer.
- Before the start of frosts, gardeners often mulch currant bushes with fertilizers. Under the bush stack useful "pillow" of a mixture of peat, compost and humus. And so that useful substances are absorbed faster, this mixture is introduced under the digging. But it is important to carry out the procedure very carefully so that during mixing with the ground, not to damage the roots at the base of the bush. If there are concerns, it is better to use a rake or not a very sharp hoe.
Interesting! Instead of humus, you can make chicken droppings, but in small quantities. Per square meter is taken not more than half a bucket of infusion of fresh litter.
Secret receptions of professionals
Fertilization is a real science. If you do it wrong, you can burn the bush or its roots, spoil the entire crop, poison the currant pollinators, or cause some other harm to the plant or the environment. Below are tips gardeners, not the first year of growing and feeding currants. They will simplify and secure the entire process.
- Before feeding the currants, you need to have a good look at the bush, check it for the presence of diseases, pests. Sometimes the bush seems to be weakened, and gardeners rush to fertilize it, but in fact it has enough minerals, it just gets sick or is eaten by harmful insects. Extra minerals applied with fertilizer, in this case, may even harm.
- First, the bushes are always treated, and only then fertilized!
- Before applying the dressings, the bushes are usually watered with a small amount of water in order to reduce the concentration of fertilizer and avoid burns on the pagon or rootlets.
- In order not to burn the young shoots of the bush or not yet strong, delicate roots, liquid fertilizer should be made in the groove dug around the bush at a distance of 20 cm from the base of the bush. Fertilizer is simply poured in a circle in them, and after fully absorbed, the furrow is covered with earth.
- Fertilizers for digging is also not recommended to be applied right at the base of the bush. Usually it is strong, concentrated substances, if they get to the root in pure form, they will leave a burn (wound). To benefit from the remedy, it is introduced at a distance of 15-30 cm from the base of the bush.