Bees are beneficial insects that produce honey and pollinate plants. But one thing tamed bees, another - wild, which can be not only useful, but also dangerous. They live mainly in remote corners of forests, away from cities, but sometimes they move to gardens and orchards, so that contact between a wild bee and a person is quite possible. What are wild bees?
Appearance and features of wild bees
Wild bee pollinating
Wild bees are not the same as domestic bees, although they have much in common. And yet, these insects are very different in appearance. The size of the worker is much smaller than the domestic bee, on average - 3.2 mm. The color is usually monophonic, and if there are several colors, then they are muffled, not as bright as those of the tamed "relatives". On the chest there is a protective shell. The front wings are longer than the rear ones, and the scalp is much thicker so that insects do not freeze in winter.
Interesting! The largest wild bees live in Indonesia. The length of their body can be up to 39 mm.
On the back of the bee there are black and yellow stripes, their legs are wide, flat, and also covered with hairs, but in this case it is for collecting pollen, and not for warming. The proboscis is well developed. The eyes are arranged so that the review gets as much as possible around. Bees can see the road ahead and at the sides, and also partly what happens behind them.
Sting is the main defense of any bee. In the wild, it has a slightly different gland structure. When the sting is released, the poison enters the human body gradually, and not all at once. At the same time, wild bees are not afraid to use a sting, even a bad smell or noise can cause them to attack.
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Wild bees come in different species.
- Solitary bees lead a lonely lifestyle. The female lays eggs by herself and raises offspring. Such bees, as a rule, pollinate only one particular species of plants, and therefore when one disappears, the existence of the other is endangered.
- Semi-public wild bees are not well studied yet. They gather in small families (up to 12 individuals) and fill the hive together. Their goal is to survive the winter, after which the family breaks up and everything starts all over again. In this case, the uterus does not have such a great influence as in ordinary families.
- Public wild bees have the structure of domestic bees. But they have a higher level of immunity, they work much more and are smaller than their domesticated relatives. Their main feature is aggression.
Interesting! Wild bees can be parasitic. These are the so-called cuckoo bees or crêpe parasites. They lay their eggs on other species, ensuring their survival and good living conditions.
It is worth noting that there are several breeds of wild bees. They may differ in color, lifestyle or habitat.
Where do wild bees live?
Hive wild bees
Most of the wild bees are found in remote tree plantings, in wild forests, and even shrubs, which are simply located far from cities or roads. Wild bees live in tree hollows, on branches, in crevices of abandoned buildings, walls, mountains, and even in the ground (dug tunnels). In rare cases, wild bees can settle near a person if they find a comfortable place to live (a secluded crevice) under the roof of a house, in a window frame or something like that.
Interesting! Wild bees are of great interest to scientists studying the behavior of wild insects. And they are of practical use for those who collect wild honey for sale or for personal purposes.
All the bees choose a place convenient for living, it must meet many criteria, but the most important thing is the presence of a constant source of water nearby. It is for this reason that they may settle in the house where people live or in the garden, the garden, if they have no other, more suitable place.
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In a natural environment, wild bees usually live in the same way as tamed ones, and also observe the characteristics of an ordinary bee family. At the head of the family is the uterus, which lays eggs. In her submission there are worker bees, who at different stages of life are responsible for different areas: caring for the uterus, for the next generation, cleaning the hive, collecting nectar and so on. In addition, the hive has a certain number of drones, which are responsible for the fertilization of the female. However, there are a number of differences between wild insects and domestic insects.
- Wild bees are much more aggressive, sometimes they attack without warning.
- The color of wild bees is calmer, not bright, it can be almost completely gray, without stripes.
- Non-recruited insects are very industrious. They have an abundance of vitality and they are much more active.
- The body of such a bee is smaller, although there are exceptions.
- Immunity of wild bees is stronger and more resistant, it is much easier for them to survive the winter even at -50 degrees.
Honey wild bees
Wild Bee Honey
Honey wild bees is considered an incredibly healthy product. The reason for this is the remoteness of the melliferous, from which nectar and pollen is collected for future delicacy by these workers. Near such flowers and plants there are usually no roads, large highways, smoky cities and even villages.
Important! The selection of honey from wild bees is made according to certain rules. No more than 1/3 of all stocks is collected, otherwise the bee family may die!
Wild honey has a darker color, tart taste and thick, sticky consistency. It has a rich, rich aroma with notes of smoke. Its composition is much more useful and includes an abundance of vitamins A, C, folic acid, iodine. By the time of collecting wild honey, which usually passes in the fall, he manages to fully ripen, to gain useful substances, to acquire his delicate, natural aroma and taste.
Wild honey is used in folk and traditional medicine, cosmetology. It is believed that he treats almost all diseases: diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, bronchi and lungs, heart and capillaries, joints, kidneys, pancreas, liver, skin. It also reduces inflammation and pain.
How to get rid of wild bees?
Wild bee attacks
Wild bees are considered more dangerous than simple, domestic. Their poison is much more toxic, and therefore the bite can pose a serious threat, especially for a child or an allergic person. A massive attack usually ends tragically, so you need to be able to drive away the wild bees in case they decide to settle in the territory already occupied by humans.
The first thing that can be done if wild bees have settled on a plot or in a house is to call the veterinary service or any similar service that can catch them and move them to a safe place for them. But not all cities have such services. Then you need to tackle the problem yourself.
- To begin with, a lure-bait is constructed - the simplest wooden or cardboard box, preferably with a camouflage color (pasted over with tree bark, foliage, or something similar).
- After the bait is ready you need to put it near the home of wild bees.
- Now you need to drop inside the box uterine pheromone or lemongrass oil to attract the bees to the new hive.
Interesting! If a wild bee has bitten, you must immediately remove the sting, and then contact the medical center.
- Bees are sensitive to odors and will quickly move to a new place if they like it. You need to wait until they move, and then put on a protective suit, close the hive and put it in a tight bag.
- It remains only to find a new home for the bees. They need to be moved or transported to a new place, take off the bag, and so that the bees do not brawl to smoke a smoke. The hive is not worth taking, it is left with the bees in the intended place.
Wild bees are of great benefit to both humans and the ecosystem as a whole. They cannot be destroyed even if they have settled near the house, however, it is possible and even necessary to use clever methods of their relocation to avoid situations dangerous for health and life.