Beekeeping

Breed description Peking duck

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Peking duck has been known for quite some time. The breed has proven itself as a bird for domestic breeding on large and small farms, enterprises. Peking ducks are bred in small private farmsteads. The qualities, disadvantages and peculiarities of breeding will be discussed later in the article.

How did the Peking Duck breed appear?

About 300 years ago, the Peking duck breed was bred by Chinese breeders in Beijing, from which the name came. The breed was very productive, especially at that time, so it became widespread, first in China, then in Japan and Korea. A little later, they began to be massively imported to America and Europe - Peking ducks gained world fame for their qualities and high productivity.

Photo of Peking Duck

Peking Duck Characteristics

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The build in Beijing ducks powerful, strong bones. The back and chest are wide. The wings have a good span, tight to the body. The tail is small, raised up, the feathers on the tail are usually slightly twisted. Legs strong, low, set wide. The neck is of medium length, not thick, slightly curved. The head is big, neat. The forehead is convex, the beak is bright orange, large, flat. The eyes are black, small.

Plumage in Beijing breed ducks dense. The color is mostly white, it is white Peking ducks most common in the world. But there are also cream colored individuals, although they are very rare.

Breed Peking duck has a calm character, it gets used to breeders quickly, learns, therefore it does not rush and does not get scared when it comes time for feeding or if the breeder just goes into the house. However, the bird's nervous system leaves much to be desired. They are easily excitable, can be nervous with minor changes in the content. The breed is great for keeping at home.

Photo ducklings Peking duck

What is the breed's productivity?

Peking duck productivity has made them popular.

  • Peking duck weighs 3-3.5 kg on average, drakes can reach 4 kg, and sometimes more, but only with proper, balanced nutrition.
  • The breed is distinguished by precocity. As early as 1.5 months, Peking ducks weigh in the range of 2.5-3 kg. At the age of 2-3 months they are allowed to be slaughtered.
  • Young animals are distinguished by endurance, the breed is generally less prone to disease.
  • Peking duck meat is very soft, nutritious, juicy. Fat content depends on the quality of feeding and on the age of the bird. The older the individual, the fatter it will be meat.
  • The females start running at 30 weeks. Eggs weigh at around 90 g. In a year, one female blows about 110-130 eggs.
  • Peking duck is often used in breeding new species. Therefore, breeders with breeding individuals can even earn on it. Purebred Peking fowls are valued by breeders who develop new species or improve old ones.

Peking Duck

What are the disadvantages of the breed?

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Seasoned breeders who are used to dealing with this breed may not even notice her shortcomings. However, inexperienced, young breeders need to know that the Peking duck does not tolerate dampness and drafts in the house at all, and females are bad moms. They don’t like to hatch eggs, and they don’t particularly care for their offspring.

Important! The Peking breed is very vociferous, breeders note that it can make noise even without a seemingly significant reason. To any stressful situation reacts very badly. Weight may decrease, females stop carrying eggs, and even if they are unfertilized.

How to keep Peking ducks?

The maintenance of Peking ducks does not cause difficulties. They are not demanding to care, conditions, but this breed reacts very badly to any changes in keeping or feeding, therefore it is necessary to provide it with normal conditions from the first days and to support them all the time.

  • The Peking duck very quickly acclimatizes to new conditions. She calmly endures both heat and cold.
  • The poultry house is settling down according to the number of individuals. There are 1.5-2 ducks per square meter. Sex necessarily rises to 25 cm from ground level. It protects birds from rodents and winter cold. Inside the room should be normal ventilation, windows, artificial lighting system.
  • Nests should be one for 1-3 individuals. Sizes 40-50 cm. You can make them from old baskets, plywood, boxes, etc.
  • Walking should be planned in size so that the birds were spacious there. Grass is sown inside. In winter, it is recommended to clean the snow from the enclosure and cover it with a thick layer of straw so that the ducks can be let out for walking in the most sunny, warm days, without precipitation and severe frosts.
  • Reservoirs are not required for maintenance. Even without them, the Peking duck will feel good. You can just occasionally put in a cage for walking a large bowl of water so that the birds can swim in it.
  • The slaughter is carried out before molting, 2 months after birth, since after molting the presentation of the carcass will be less attractive.

Cleaning is done as the poultry house is contaminated. The litter needs to be changed as soon as it gets dirty, since dirt is the most effective method of spreading diseases indoors.

How to feed Peking ducks?

Feeding is usually chosen according to the breeder's capabilities. Of course, the better the food, the better for the birds, but in feeding Peking duck is not picky. Even on a cheap fodder, it is well fed, gives good performance indicators.

In the diet usually include more protein foods, as the breed refers to the meat direction and in this case it is necessary if the breeder wants to get tasty, and not tough meat in small quantities. Peking eats anything. Plant and animal foods are eaten with great appetite. So the diet can be made from vegetable products (greens, vegetables, fruits) mixed with insects, meat and bone meal, leftovers from the table and others. However, to increase the productivity of food in a mandatory mix premix.

The metabolism of the Peking ducks is very fast with a rather small intestine, therefore, the absorption of food eaten quickly. In this regard, it is necessary to provide the bird with nutritious food with an abundance of vitamins and minerals. Of course, the nutritional value must also be high, otherwise the Peking duck simply will not eat enough. There are two options for feeding these birds.

  1. Uninterrupted. Food should always be in the feeder, so that when needed ducks can eat and not starve. The problem is that it is very expensive, so this food is provided only in the presence of cheap food or when feeding simple homemade food (cereal porridge, mash, without feed).
  2. 4-5 meals a day. The diet is made up of nutritious, fortified food. The obligatory component should be high-quality compound feed. The rest is a mash of cereals, greens, vegetables, and root crops. The food is nourishing, nutritious, so the birds want to eat less, in addition, with food comes the necessary dose of vitamins and minerals.
Important! Save on nutrition Peking ducks can be simply providing them with a good range. On walks, they can eat a lot of grass, greenery like duckweed. Thus, during walks, the breeder does not need to spend money on feeding and the number of feedings is reduced to 2 times (morning and evening).

Peking ducks in the aviary

Possible problems with breeding

The main problem of breeding Peking ducks - the lack of maternal instinct in females. This does not allow them to hatch eggs and take care of the offspring. For this reason, a good and preferably an automatic incubator is required for breeding, as well as the time that will be needed for young offspring after ducklings are born. If the breeder has such opportunities, then breeding problems will not cause. The most popular are incubators Cinderella and Layer.

They contain ducklings in a brooder or a special room where there is an artificial heating system, artificial lighting, ventilation, no drafts, or dampness. Up to 12 young ducks can be placed per square meter.

In the first week, the temperature in the room is maintained at +30 degrees, but from 2 weeks it should be lowered to room temperature, so that the duckling gets used to the normal ambient temperature.

Important! In a brooder with ducklings should always be clean! This is extremely important in order to reduce bird mortality and accelerate its growth and development.

From an early age, the Peking duck is notable for its mobility, curiosity, and good appetite. Young ducklings have a strong immune system. For any abnormalities, you must contact the veterinarian. If any bird is sickly, sluggish, eats poorly, it is necessary to immediately isolate it and show the vet.

The diet of young ducklings is originally made from a soft, nutritious food. This may be a boiled egg, cottage cheese, porridge from crushed steamed grain. In small quantities, you can initially feed soft grass like nettle, dandelions. From the second week of green include more, eggs generally cease to give. Combined feed for young birds, steamed porridges, in which it is necessary to add premixes in small quantities, are introduced. For normal nutrition, ducks are transferred from 3-4 weeks.

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