Diplomatic rights is an evergreen that belongs to the Kutrov family. She was discovered at the same time by two nerds who gave her different names - Diplomatic and Mandeville. So in the literature can be found both names. Its homeland is Latin America. It grows like a vine, pleasing the eye with bright colors of foliage and flowers.
Botanical Description Diplomatic
Diplomatic rights is a perennial culture. The root system of her forked, lumber slowly. Stems curly, long. Young twigs stretch upward, so for the first couple of years after planting, Mandeville just looks like a bush and can grow without support. But over time, it begins to branch, and stretches to the sun, clambering like liana on supporting structures. Older shoots eventually begin to acquire a rough, dark beige bark.
Foliage petiole, located opposite. The leaves are bright green, oval or ovoid. The front side is smooth with a visible central vein. The length of the leaf plate is 5-15 cm, depending on the type of culture.
Photo Diplomatic Bolivian (Mandevilla boliviensis)Interesting! Diploplations are thinned by a pleasant, sweet aroma during flowering, which can attract insect pollinators.
Flowering is observed from the first year after planting and lasts up to 10 days for each bud. Flowers bloom on the top of young twigs or in the axils of the leaves; they are an open funnel with 5 lanceolate petals. The color of the bud can be scarlet, crimson, yellow, white. The diameter of the flower is 8-12 cm.
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Mandeville has about 40 species. Most of them grow without problems and bloom at home. Below are the most famous varieties that are in demand among growers.
- Bolivian diplomatic rights - a beautiful room with a small nap on the vine. The leaves are small, bright green with a glossy surface. The flower is large, pink, funnel-shaped. The edges of the petals are wavy, with a light edging. Buds are collected in brushes of 5-8 pieces.
- Diplomatic Fundamentals differs in abundance of short side branches. Leaves gives a medium, gray-green color. The buds are white, very beautiful, with sharp petals. They are selected in inflorescences. This species tolerates temperature fluctuations and quickly turns green after pruning.
- Diplomatic brilliant gives pagons, up to 4 meters long. The leaves are oval-shaped, the edge is blunted, the length of the plate is up to 20 cm. The buds are with wide petals of crimson color and a yellow center.
- Diplomadeniya sander - compact, indoor view with small leaves. Buds crimson color, disclosed throughout the length of the stem.
Photo Diplomatic loose (Mandevilla laxa)
Of the famous varieties of this plant it is worth mentioning a few of the most sought-after ones: "Miami Red", "Red Star", "Yellow", "Cosmos Crimson King", "Sun Parasol", "Summer Snow", "Cream Pink", "Red Riding Hood ".
Reproduction of culture
Growing diploadiya is entertaining. Often, flower growers, already having a unique plant in the house, tend to learn how to propagate it. This can be done by seed or cuttings.
- The easiest method is by cuttings. They are cut in spring (young twigs) or summer (stiff). The resulting processes rooted in a mixture of peat and sand, deepening them to the lower leaves. Top cuttings are covered to get an improvised greenhouse. The temperature for such seedlings is maintained within +25 degrees. As rooting takes place, it is necessary to irrigate and loosen (so that air enters the ground). When the cuttings go into growth, they can be transplanted in separate containers with more nutritious soil.
- Seeds can be easily purchased at any specialty store. They are sown in a moistened soil and covered with glass pots to create a mini-greenhouse. At a temperature of + 22 ... +28 degrees, they should germinate. The light at this time is diffused, airing is carried out a couple of times a day. Only in 2-4 months it is possible to replace the first sprouts from under the ground. At this time it will be possible to remove the glass. After the appearance of 2 leaves, you can pick a pick in separate pots.
Photo Diplomatic shiny (Mandevilla splendens)
Home care for DiplomaticWe recommend reading our other articles.
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Although hot Latin America is Mandevilla’s homeland, growing and caring at home is not a big problem, but it will take experience in growing tropical crops.
- The place for the pot is chosen light, while at the same time it is important to protect the vine from direct sunlight. The best option is the east window-sill or the south side of the house, but in the middle of the room, not at the window. When the plant is in the northern part of the house, additional lighting is provided.
- In the summer it doesn’t hurt to take out the vine to the garden, to the balcony, to the veranda. If it is attached to any fixed support, then you can just regularly ventilate the room - it needs vital air.
- In summer, the air temperature should be within + 20 ... +26 degrees, and in winter around + 15 ... +17. If the temperature falls below +12 degrees, Mandeville may die!
- Draft completely excluded!
- The support of the stems is necessary, as a flower can grow on the ground or be grown by the ampel method. The support is taken durable, from reliable material.
Photo Diplomatic Sander (Mandevilla sanderi)
- Watering should be regular and abundant. Only the top layer of soil can dry up, otherwise the roots will suffer. Water is taken purified, settled, room temperature. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that it does not accumulate in the pan. The excess should be immediately drained. In winter, watering should be 2 times less than in summer.
- Periodic spraying does not hurt. To do this, take only soft water, warm. This procedure will improve the condition of the plant and wash away the dust from the leaves.
- Top dressings are made from early spring to mid-autumn. At the time of budding, universal fertilizers are needed for indoor flowering species. They are added to the soil mixture once a week.
- Trimming is another important part of care. Since the flowers appear exclusively on young twigs, old ones can be cut. It is best to do this in the fall, after flowering. Old branches are cut to 2/3 of the length, the side - half.
Diseases and pests of the flower
Of the diseases, root rot is a great danger. This problem is connected with the fact that the soil is often filled with water, not allowing it to dry at least in the upper layer. Also, a similar problem can lead to stagnation of fluid in the pan, therefore, it is recommended that the excess water be regularly drained. If root rot has appeared, you can try to save the bush by treating the soil with fungicides (Trichodermin, Fundazol, Mikosan), but in advanced cases it is impossible to save diplopany. The only option is to cut the cuttings for breeding and destroy the rest.
Photo Diplomatic YellowInteresting! Blanching foliage and lack of flowering are a sign of lack of light.
As for the pests, the Mandeville may be affected by the whitefly, the shield, the spider mite. Most often they appear in the heat, dry air. To get rid of them, you can use insecticides like Aktara, Karbofos and the like.
Mandeville Transplant Rules
Transplant grafting is done every 1-2 years in spring. She quickly increases the green mass, so that it requires a lot of nutrients. The land is always taken weakly acid. You can make it from a mixture of peat, sand, turf, humus.
Bush gently removed from the pot, remove part of the earthy coma (that you can shake off, rob). Drainage (broken brick, expanded clay or similar) is poured into the bottom of the new container. Then you need to pour a little substrate and set up a sapling. Fall asleep roots gradually, from all sides. When the flower will sit securely in a pot, it is worth watering.
As you can see, home care for Mandeville is not very time consuming. And she brings a lot of joy, especially during flowering.