Growing raspberries is not a difficult process, but planting is not given to everyone. Terms of planting, different technical aspects, the type of planting can significantly affect the development of sprouts, their rooting. How to plant a raspberry in the spring, and a step-by-step description of the subsequent care will be described below in the article.
What determines the time and timing of planting raspberries?
When is it best to plant raspberries? Most gardeners will answer that in the fall, but in fact this is not always the case. Yes, this makes it possible to get the first crop next year, but there are a lot of nuances here.
Planting time depends on the region and climatic conditions.
- Winter comes early in the northern regions. Even when planting a crop in September, there are great risks that it will freeze out even before it takes root.
- Spring in the northern regions is wet and protracted, which allows the raspberry to take root properly and only then start growing and blooming in contrast to the southern regions, where it is warm and dry since early spring because of which the root system takes a long time to take root.
This leads to the logical conclusion that the landing time directly depends on the region and climatic conditions. But only the southern and northern regions were described above, but how should gardeners in the central regions act? They have great opportunities and can plant raspberries both in spring and autumn, about how to do it correctly, read the article on how to plant raspberries in the fall.
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Planting raspberries in the spring is carried out as early as possible - ideally, be in time before bud break
Planting raspberries in the spring is carried out as early as possible - ideally, have time to bud. As a rule, the landing period is in March-April, since in May it is already too warm. If you plant sprouts in a very warm earth and immediately provide them with a high temperature of the environment, they will grow, but they will not develop the root system, and this can have a very negative impact on the fruiting and the life of the plant.
So it is necessary to plant raspberries when outside temperature has not yet reached 15 degrees Celsius. You can start immediately after the snow melts to simplify your work. The earth will also thaw a little, it will be quite easy to process it, and even the buds on the shoots will not have time to blossom.
A place under the raspberries is picked up light, as windless as possible, possibly near a fence or against a wall.
Planting material can be selected on their own, on their own plot, bought in a store or from friends. In this case, the choice should be made in favor of annual seedlings with pagons of medium thickness, as well as having 1-3 buds. The more buds the sprout has, the slower the rooting will be, because after planting a raspberry seedling in the spring, the culture will put forth the power to develop buds, not roots. The loquate root system must be very strong and developed.
Before planting, the roots should be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and carefully examined before. It is important that the seedlings are not damaged, the presence of diseases, pests makes them unsuitable for planting.
A place for raspberries is picked up light, as calm as possible, possibly near a fence or against a wall. It is also important that it is convenient for gardeners and other crops. This plant is not small, it can grow significantly and prevent walking on the garden or shade the sun to other crops. Therefore, it is not planted in the center of the garden or inside large beds, usually these are the “outskirts” of the garden.
Raspberries grow in any soil, but after planting it should be as comfortable as possible, so the soil is fertilized approximately 2-3 weeks before the procedure or in the fall, with mineral or organic substances that will make one or another soil type more fertile. Usually used manure mixed with ashes and superphosphate.
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Trenches 60 cm wide and 40 cm deep are pulled out under the landing. They contain ash, as well as compost and superphosphate by about 5-10 cm. Compost and superphosphate should be used, provided that the ground was not fertilized 2 weeks before landing. The seedlings are cut to the ground part was not more than 20 cm in length. Now it remains to vertically place the sprouts in a trench and sprinkle them with earth, and then pour. Between seedlings should be approximately 45 cm of free space.
There are 2 methods of planting raspberries - private and bush
The method described above is called private. But planting raspberries in the spring can be carried out by the bush method. Each seedling is located at a distance of 1-1.7 meters from each other. Planted with shrub planting in a staggered manner, so that they do not take up much space.
What is the follow-up care?
Immediately after planting, raspberries are not touched for 5-7 days, so that it starts to take root. And although the basic care will be needed by the culture after it has been rooted, in the first three months it is important to provide the most comfortable conditions for the development of each sprout.
- Watering is rare (once every 3-7 days), but abundant. You can also install a drip system. It is water efficient and ideal for growing raspberries. The gardener is only required to control the humidity of the earth and adjust the system to a different mode of operation.
- High trellis should be installed only for tall raspberry varieties. If the variety is not high, a simple garter will be enough - the pegs are set at an equal distance, the wire is pulled, which serves as a support for the young, “falling” pagons.
- After planting raspberries in spring, it is important to ensure that there are no weeds on the plot - they can “stifle” fragile sprouts without allowing them to develop properly. During the harvesting of the weed is to carry out and loosening. In the first 3 months this is very important. Only this should be done carefully, yet the sprouts are fragile, like their roots, they can accidentally break or fall.
Mulching is carried out immediately after planting or a few days
- Do not conduct dressings in the first 90 days so accurately. Raspberry will be enough of those substances that were introduced into the ground during planting.
- Mulching is carried out immediately after planting or a few days. This is not a mandatory procedure and plays a lesser role in comparison with soil fertilizer. And yet, mulching can reduce the evaporation of moisture from the ground, simplify work with weeds (they simply will not grow). So the mulch saves money and time gardener, it is not required, but recommended.