Endurance, resistance to various climatic conditions, unpretentiousness are alpine goats. Alpine goats have many positive qualities, they are good milk producers, they are distinguished by pleasant external qualities, elegant and very calm. The article will describe the nature of individuals, the recommended type of housing, feeding and even breeding.
How did the Alpine breed appear?
Initially, the breed was bred in Switzerland and France, although it is France that is considered the birthplace of the species. From there, it spread across Italy, England and even America. American breeders diluted species Zaanenskoy and Toggenburg breed, which led to an improvement in the productive qualities of the animal.
The breed was originally bred in Switzerland and France
Nowadays they are bred in almost every corner of the world, including the countries of the former Soviet Union, but the largest population is still observed in France. There, the Alpine breed accounts for about 98% of the total goat population!
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The constitution is harmonious, the representatives of the species look elegant, can become an ornament of the monastery. The back is straight, the ribcage is well developed, but not strongly convex. The belly is voluminous, may sag slightly. Udder rounded, there are two large nipples. The tail is of medium length, rarely omitted, usually located parallel to the ground. The legs are fragile, thin and rather long, but the hoofs are sensitive. The head is elongated; a smooth transition from the forehead to the nose is seen in the profile. Ears wide apart, always erect.
Alpine goat breed exterior
The color can be various: pure white, brown, black or two-color, three-color. The coat is not very short, but you cannot call it long, it is smooth, even and not curly. In winter, undercoat appears, making the fur look more voluminous and beautiful. "Fur coat" does not represent a particular benefit for the breeder, it is not sheared, it is not allowed to be woolen. This is just "decoration" and protection of the animal.
There is no obvious difference between males and females, as a rule, alpine goats are about 10 cm higher, their growth varies between 85-90 cm, females rarely reach 75-80 cm. Animals weigh 60-80 kg.
What is the nature of the breed?
Regardless of the sex of the animal, the Alpine breed is distinguished by its calm disposition and good nature. Individuals are independent; the breeder requires minimal intervention in their lifestyle. They get along with other animals, as well as goats of other breeds, the main thing is that the neighboring species is not distinguished by aggressiveness.
They are active, hardy, they can travel considerable distances in search of food, they love to run on grazing, young individuals frolic. Because of this, goats are rarely obese.
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Alpine goats have a good performance, if you combine it with ease of care, then we can confidently talk about the profitability of breeding and maintenance.
The average rate of milk per year 1500 liters
- The lactation period after birth is 3 years. But the more time passes, the less the alpine goat provides milk. The average rate per year is 1500 liters.
- Milk is tasty, without a specific smell, usually like kids. On density surpasses the cow. Taste is sweet and creamy. Fat content of 3.5-5.5%, depending on the feeding and collection period. Used for fresh use, cooking cottage cheese, cheese, etc.
- The female bears 2 goats at a time, less often one or more than two. Sometimes there may be 4-5 individuals in the litter.
- Goats can also be allowed for meat, as they usually do when there is an abundance of young stock or the appearance of any physical problems with goats or goats. Their meat has an average taste, but this is not surprising, because the breed is milky.
How to keep Alpine goat breed?
In terms of weather conditions, the alpine breed is not picky. They took it out in mountainous areas, so it is genetically resistant to cold snaps, precipitation, drought, heat, strong winds, and so on.
Alpine goat breed
- For each individual allocate 3-4 square meters in the area under the content. Inside, sun beds are made of straw (one for each animal) as they do not lie on the floor.
- In the stall, where the animal is kept must be dry and light - these are the two main conditions for providing comfort to alpine goats.
- Floors make warmed. In winter, a layer of straw or any other type of litter is always laid on the floor. Feet - a weak spot, so it is important to keep them warm in winter. Alpine goats may be frost resistant, but to get the most out of them it’s important to take care of the heat.
- There should be a good pasture near the stall or at a short distance from it, where animals can find all the useful and necessary herbs and delicacies for them. They are walked in different weather conditions, but usually the walking tours last until late autumn until severe frosts hit, then the animals are kept in stalls until early spring. You can release it during the winter only on the warmest, sunny days.
- The hooves of the representatives of the breed are sensitive. They need to be examined at least once a week to avoid the appearance of diseases or their serious complications.
How and what is the right way to feed the goats?
In winter, the basis of nutrition - hay. In spring, summer and early autumn they give green fodder, while it is preferable for them to eat coarse green fodder (old grass, leaves, twigs), they practically do not eat fresh grass. As a rule, animals themselves produce green food while walking, it is not necessary to additionally give it, but hay should always be in abundance in the stall - this is the breeder's duty.
Alpine goat breeding
In separate troughs, it is necessary to give grain mixtures, concentrated feed, root crops, vegetables with the addition of vitamins, chalk, salt.
One of the main features of the species is sensitivity to water. Perhaps the reason is the mountainous origin of the animal, but the individual will never touch the dirty water. Therefore, the water in the drinkers must be changed several times a day.
Are there any difficulties in breeding?
The biggest problem in breeding an animal that a breeder may encounter is the search for a thoroughbred. Translating is not difficult to find, but he does not have all the qualities of the Alpine breed. It is possible to find an animal from which the first offspring will be obtained either in nurseries or abroad.
Alpine goat breeding
If the breeder managed to get a male and a female, so to speak maternal individuals, do not delay the progeny. At the same time, the Alpine goat can be reduced not only with a male of its species, but also with other breeds. Interspecific crossbreeding usually gives good results, kids are born more productive, strong, but they can produce milk with a specific smell, typical of most breeds.
For the first time, alpine goats give no more than 2 kids, but in subsequent years the number may increase to 5! Childbirth is easy, there are no serious difficulties, and the percentage of mortality of young stock is extremely low. Usually, frail, sickly kids are born with a lack of nutrients in the nutrition of their mother, so during the period of gestation of offspring, mineral-vitamin complexes should be added to the feed.
For the female with the offspring, a separate stall is made with everything necessary (bed, bedding, trough for water, food). Care for kids falls on the mother, she can easily cope with her, while the breeder only needs proper feeding, vaccination of the young, attention to the female. At first, the goat should drink only the mother’s milk and only closer to 1 month it can be gradually transferred to the diet of adults. At 5 months the goat eats like an adult animal.