Gardening

Peach Redhaven

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Peach is an expensive fruit when compared, for example, with the same apricots or apples. So it is not surprising that gardeners plant it on their plots - it is profitable. Peach Redhaven has incredibly sweet and juicy fruits, however, it will take some effort to get a crop. About the cultivation and characteristics of the variety can be found below in the article.

Description and characteristics of the variety Redhaven

Redhaven launched in 1940 in the United States of America. In a short period of time, he not only fell in love with farmers, but also became the main cultivator in the USA. Today, 70% of all crop plantings in this country consist of the species in question.

The yield of an adult tree (6 years) - 35-40 kg, for 12 years - 100 kg!

The tree grows up to 5 meters in height, if not pruned. The crown is spherical. The leaves are not very many, they are large (up to 15 cm long), dark green and shiny. The flowers are single, pink with 5 petals. It blooms in late April or early May. The first harvest is harvested at 2-3 years after planting. The yield of an adult tree (6 years) - 35-40 kg, for 12 years - 100 kg!

The fruits are almost round, weighing 120-200 grams. The peel is quite dense, which allows you to transport fruit over considerable distances, yellow color, there is a reddish flank. Pubescence is weak, but still there. The flesh is light orange, there are pink streaks, sweet, tasting score 4.9 points out of 5 possible. The bone is sharp on the one hand, well moving away from the pulp. The fruit contains many useful acids and minerals, essential oils, vitamins. 100 g total 39 kcal.

How to plant a peach in open ground?

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It is recommended to buy Redhaven peach seedlings in local fruit and berry nurseries. The fact is that such saplings are already accustomed to the local climate, they will not have to rebuild for a long time, to acclimatize, they will immediately start growing. The most viable annual trees, and they need to be purchased.

Redhaven Variety Peach Planting

Before buying the plant is inspected. On the roots should not be rot, disease or any other oddities! They must also be whole, even, not broken, slightly moist. The upper part should have a dark brown trunk color, to be smooth, again without ailments.

The Redhaven variety peach is planted from mid-April to the end of the month. The best acclimatization and rooting occurs at night temperatures of +10 degrees. A place for landing is chosen bright, sunny, without shade and darkening, drafts or high location of groundwater. Swampy, lowland areas should also be excluded.

The pit is prepared in the fall or 2 weeks before planting. The diameter is 1 meter, depth - 70 cm. 5-8 kg of rotted manure or compost are brought to the bottom. If the land is fertile, then 500 g of wood ash, 50 g of superphosphate and potassium chloride will suffice.

2 weeks after digging a hole in the spring, you need to start planting. A support is driven into the center of the pit or near it. Further, the hill from the earth is filled up on a bottom, the tree is put on it, roots straighten. If they are large, you need to make sure that they occupy the entire space of the pit, and not lost in one side. Now you need to gradually, layer upon layer, fill the roots, stamp the ground a little with your hands or feet, but carefully!

After landing under the peach Redhaven pour about 35 liters of water and tie it to the installed support. Mulching recommended, but optional. Suitable as mulch sawdust, peat, dry grass.

How to care for peach?

Peach Redhaven belongs to the capricious varieties, but it is well worth the effort and fully pays for the care.

  • Due to drought resistance, the tree can be watered rarely, but during the period of setting, forming and ripening fruits, it needs a lot of water - 25-30 liters at a time of 1.5-2 weeks. The rest of the time, no more than 5-10 liters at a time, and make them with a frequency of 2-3 weeks.

    Peach crown formation with pruning

  • The most difficult part of care is pollination. Variety refers to self-pollinated. But he pollinates himself very rarely. Therefore, it is necessary to plant at least 1-3 peaches of other varieties next to it. In this case, they will pollinate each other. Otherwise, you will have to invent manual methods of pollination, and this will take a lot of time and effort, yet this is not an undersized eggplant, but a tree!
  • Pruning is carried out annually, in spring and autumn, as the branches of the tree are actively developing and growing, and the crown can reach 10 m in diameter!

Fruits ripen from late July, but not all at once. Fruiting lasts until the end of August, about 30-40 days. They are disrupted for sale after technical ripeness, until they are too soft; for fresh consumption, you can wait for the final maturation.

How to deal with diseases and pests?

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Peach Redhaven is resistant to powdery mildew and klyasterosporiozu, but there are diseases and pests from which it needs to be processed in a timely manner. So, what diseases and pests can harm the culture?

Peach Curl

  • Aphids are identified by twisted yellowed leaves. It is easier to deal with it in the early stages. In this case, help and folk remedies: solutions of household soap, decoctions, infusions. When running cases, it is recommended to treat the plant with chemicals or biological products. A lot of good reviews about the tools "Inta-vir" and "Decis".
  • Moniliosis is a fungal disease. It affects the leaves, branches, fruits. They darken, become dense and fall. It is necessary to treat them in a complex way - the affected places are first removed and burned, then the tree is treated with Nitrafen before and after flowering.
  • From the annoying weevil helps to get rid of "Fitoverm" and "Decis". It is important to start rescuing a tree in time, as any pest, including a weevil, can destroy it in 1-2 years.
  • Curly leaves manifest as twisted, bloated, reddish leaves. The fungus spreads rapidly and by the beginning of summer all the leaves can crumble. The treatment is quite simple: the foci of the disease are removed and burned, the tree is treated with fungicides (Metiram and Horus) in the spring 3-4 times with a frequency of 2-3 weeks.
  • The eastern stem is a gray-looking butterflies that feed on the shoots and fruits of the Redhaven peach. When fruits appear, coniferous decoctions are used to destroy it, and in spring and autumn, when they are still or not, you can use Metafos or Karbofos.
  • From fruit rot on peach Redhaven helps the treatment with Skor and Fundazol. It is important to ensure that there are no pests on the plant, they are a frequent cause of the appearance of the disease.

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