Beekeeping

Bronze wide-breasted turkey

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Breeding turkeys is beneficial not only on farms, but also on small personal plots. Dietary poultry meat is recommended for use even for people with severe food allergies. Bronze wide-breasted turkey stands out favorably against other species. The article will highlight all the most important points in caring for a bronze wide-breasted turkey, as well as provide detailed information about its strengths and weaknesses.

What are the external features of the breed?

Bronze turkeys are the result of the crossing of English turkeys and native wild turkeys of America. After the bird was bred, it was noted that their body weight reaches no more than 7.5 kg. It was a small indicator, because it was decided to continue work on the development of a new species. The result of subsequent crosses was the described type of turkey.

It is bred almost all over the globe, it is a popular breed, because besides high productivity, it has a pleasant appearance - they are often bred as decorative.

Exterior Bronze wide-chested turkey

Representatives of the species are very beautiful, prominent, large, with well-developed bones and muscles. Hocks on young turkeys are black, turning pink with age. The beak is well developed, its color may be yellow or reddish depending on the gender of the bird or the presence of various impurities. The eyes are small, round, brown.

The plumage of turkeys is not uniform, depending on the part of the body, it is poured in different colors. The part of the neck that passes into the sternum, or all of it, is red, and sometimes red-marsh color, chest and lower abdomen - rich black. The back is also black, but there are bronze stripes on the feathers. On the hips are black feathers with white stripes, and the tail feathers have a red-bronze tint and white edges.

What is the productivity of a bronze wide-chested turkey?

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An important criterion when buying a breed for breeding is productivity. So, what qualities can a bronze wide-breasted turkey boast?

  • The adult female weighs up to 9 kg, the male - 16 kg. Maximum fixed weight - 35 kg!
  • The animals are slaughtered by the 6th month when they reach 7.5-13 kg. You can do this by 13 weeks, but at this age the males weigh no more than 4.4 kg.
  • The real meat yield is 66%.
  • Meat is dietary. The amount of protein is equal to beef, fat in it is very small. It has a low cholesterol index.
  • Egg production - 120 eggs per year, 80-90 grams each. The shell has a grayish tint with brown, dark, uniform specks over the entire surface.

    Maximum fixed weight - 35 kg!

In addition, wide-chest bronze turkey is often bred for sale, as the young individuals are expensive. You can also sell fertilized poultry eggs for further incubation. Quite often, adult turkeys "surrender" for mating or for breeding work for a substantial fee. True, in this case, the animal must have all the necessary vaccinations, meet the criteria of pure blood.

Of course, like any other poultry, this one has some drawbacks. Knowing them, you can prevent a possible problem in advance, or at least be prepared for it.

  • The skin of turkeys after slaughter and plucking has a dark color. It does not affect the taste or quality, but may interfere with implementation.
  • Turkey is sensitive to moisture and severe frosts.
  • Despite the large mass, they are actively flying, so a high fence on the run is required.

How to equip the turkey?

When it comes to chickens, the cellular content is often used, as it is simpler and more economical. But in the case of bronze wide-breasted turkeys, the content in the cages is always much more difficult and troublesome, therefore, they are kept in the backyard plots in the turkey hens. The cages are usually used for mass breeding on farms or poultry farms.

The turkey must be insulated and well lit.

  • Turkey meat is made of any available material, and something is warmed from the inside or outside. Inside there are several windows and artificial lighting; a ventilation system is also necessary, even if it is the most primitive one. The size of the turkey-hen is calculated from the number of individuals. On 1 square. square meter accounts for 1-2 adult birds.
  • The floor can be made of wood or concrete. In the latter case, a thick layer of bedding is required, and not thin, as is the case with wood, as concrete is cold and can lead to colds and serious illnesses.
  • Laz on the street from turkey meat is made large, about 50x50 cm. You can do more if the bird is fattening - it is important to monitor the size of the bird. If there is no desire or opportunity to equip a manhole, the bird can be let out for walks through the door.
  • Perches - 40 cm per individual. For arranging perches, you need to use a dense material so that it does not break and bend under the weight of birds. Most often under the use of wooden bar with a length of 80 cm or more. It is important that the roosts are well secured, otherwise over time they will begin to sway and stagger.
  • Nests make a little more chicken. But it is desirable to make them portable. The fact is that the turkeys themselves choose the nesting place, it can be a dark nook or middle of the bony turkey, so when the bird chooses a place, it is worthwhile to move the nest, or at least just cover the place with a thick layer of litter.
  • Disinfection is carried out before the birds are settled in the turkey-hen, and then once every 3 months or less. It is important to monitor the cleanliness of the room, especially if it contains a young bird.
  • Walking equip the south side of turkey. The fence is needed high - 2 meters, so that the bird does not try to jump over it or fly.

The turkey is well acclimatized and adapts to any conditions. It is true that in cold climates in the turkey he should do the heating, but it is able to endure slight frosts without significant damage to health.

What, when and how to feed the turkeys?

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Feeding Bronze wide-breasted feed

For feeding, any feeders are used that are convenient for the birds and which are simply controlled by the breeder. It is important to wash them daily, the same applies to drinkers. Put the packaging for food, water on the run and in the turkey. It is advisable to make them portable in order to simplify feeding at different times of the day.

From May to mid-autumn, a bronze wide-breasted turkey walks almost the whole day, thus reducing the cost of feeding. But, besides the fact that the bird eats on the run, it needs to be supplemented additionally in the morning and evening. For this purpose, specialized feed. They are for different ages and contain all the necessary nutrients. In winter, turkeys are fed 3-4 times a day: in the morning, from 11 to 13 hours, then from 16 to 18 hours and at night, in the evening.

If food is self-made, it is important to choose the right ingredients. Turkeys are important in the diet: barley, corn, soybeans or peas, wheat, sunflower oilcake, bran, shivering, bone meal, chalk, milk powder, salt and vitamin premixes. These ingredients are interfered with to get homemade animal feed. The exact proportions depend on the age of the bird and the reason for breeding.

What are the features of breeding?

Turkey Bronze wide-breasted turkey poults

Fertilization of eggs of the breed - 80%. With proper breeding in the incubator and further care, the survival rate of young stock reaches 70%. The females of bronze wide-breasted turkeys have a well-developed maternal instinct, which is why they are often used for hatching eggs. Already born offspring, the female protects, protects and educates, only minimal participation from the breeder is required.

Young chicks need to be properly fed so that they grow quickly. After birth, many farmers recommend feeding each chick one crushed peppercorns to stimulate the appetite and improve the intestinal microflora. Then, the next 7 days give porridge from well crushed cereals. As an additive it is important to give boiled egg and cottage cheese. From the 5th day they feed clover, nettle, spinach, green onions.

With age, the diet becomes the same as that of the adult bird. It is very important in the first weeks to vaccinate or feed the chicks with antibiotics. This procedure makes them resistant to various diseases, so that the survival rate increases to 85-90%.

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