Livestock

Oryol trotter

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The Orlov trotter is a stately, graceful horse, known throughout the world. This breed has been very popular for many years and is still in high demand. Horses of the species played one of the most important roles in the development of modern horse breeding.

How did the breed appear?

Breed horses Orlovsky trotter was artificially bred. The creator of it was Alexei Orlov - the brother of the favorite of Empress Catherine. The goal was to create an ideal horse for him: a graceful, frisky, powerful, a kind of universal. Arabian, Dutch, Danish and Mecklenburg racers were used for breeding.

The founder of the breed is the Arabian stallion Smetanka

The ancestor of the species is Smetanka - Arabian stallion. This horse had one pair more ribs than all other racers, and also cost indescribable money at that time. In Russia, the animal lived only 1 year, but gave a large offspring. It is believed that the entire modern genus of Orlov trotters originates from the sons of Bars - the grandson of Smetanka.

From the beginning of the 20th century, for the first time after Alexey Orlov, they began to work seriously on the breed. Improvement of the species began, the best individuals were selected for breeding and for further participation in horse races around the world. But with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the breed was abandoned. And only at the beginning of the 21st century, Russian activists attracted the French breeders to save the species, who helped restore the former greatness of the breed again.

Brown mare "Zolotka" (5 l.), Grown at the stud farm Yu.I. Orlova

The most famous representative of the species is Kvadrat. He had a perfect appearance - he met all the parameters and requirements of the standard. Repeatedly won at exhibitions, it was an incredibly resilient, strong horse. In several cities, he was even given monuments for his great contribution to horse breeding (gave 600 foals).

What is the exterior of the breed?

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The horse of the Oryol breed is large, the height at the withers reaches 170 cm. The constitution is harmonious, the animal has a noble posture, moves gracefully. The back is muscular, has a beautiful bend, as if created for the saddle, the croup is wide. Legs are long and dry. The neck is strong, of medium length. The head is dry, medium in size. The eyes are beautiful, brilliant, wise and understanding.

Exterior Oryol breed

The tail and mane are luxuriant, silky. Suits are different. The most common is gray with dark or light shades. There are black and bay stallions. The rarest are the individuals of the boules suit.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the form?

Oryol trotter for many years been used for the selection of many new species. It is also very popular for exhibitions, horse races and for personal use as a working horse or a domestic horse. This prevalence is associated with the merits of the animal.

Oryol trotter on the racetrack

  • Individuals have a very beautiful exterior. They are nice even to just look, so they are often used not only for easy walks and other work, but also in hippotherapy.
  • This is a calm animal, even kids can ride on such a handsome man.
  • The sea of ​​energy and lively disposition allows the animal to run tens of kilometers tirelessly.
  • The horse easily adapts to any climate zone.

Among the drawbacks of the species is worth noting the late formation. So only in 4-5 years they can be used for mating. Until this progeny stallions do not give. However, this deficiency is compensated by fecundity and longevity of the species.

Another significant drawback of the Orlov Trotter breed is its price. A representative can cost about 7.5 thousand dollars, and a thoroughbred horse from 10 thousand dollars or more!

How is the horse used?

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In Orlov times, the horse was used for almost any job. In Russia, she was often exploited as a worker, she was harnessed to carriages and carts, she was successfully used on the field and in the household. In horse racing, horse shows were used for the most part outside of Russia. Although Alexei Orlov founded horse races in his homeland, they were not popular for a long time.

Oryol trotter in harness

Today, this universal horse is used everywhere. It is harnessed in teams at parades and processions, successfully used for recreational activities (circuses, rides). It is not uncommon to see the Orlov trotter working in the field in remote regions and villages. Stallions are frequent guests and participants in equestrian exhibitions, competitions, all sorts of races. Of course, they are still used for breeding. In some countries, they are official, used as a ride for law enforcement officers.

What are the features of the content?

Alexey Orlov kept the species representatives in Spartan conditions, but it was required for breeding, improving the quality characteristics. Today such conditions are unacceptable for the animal.

Orlovsky trotter walking

  • The Orlov trotter needs a spacious stall where he can spend part of the day and all night. The roof is made safe so that the bad weather does not "break through" inside. The floor is made without gaps, the litter can be made of straw or sawdust.
  • It is important to equip in the pen for winter heating and ventilation. It is desirable that there are several windows and artificial lighting.
  • Walking is required, except that in bad weather, you can ignore this rule so that the animal does not catch a cold.
  • The horse is cleaned daily, combed wool. Clean and hooves, they also need regular inspection, they must be regularly lubricated with special creams. After power loads, it is necessary to control so that the animal does not catch a cold, for this purpose it is wiped with a towel to remove sweat.
  • Of course, an important component of care is full feeding. The basis - high-quality hay, oats. As supplements are fed vegetables, fresh grass. Clean water should always be freely available.

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